20 Jan 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

20 Jan 2021 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. SC panel lays out road map on farmers’ issue
HEALTH
1. Punjab, T.N. register poor vaccination coverage
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India to fly out vaccines to neighbours
2. Military specialists to get S-400 training in Moscow
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. SC upholds threshold for filing insolvency plea against realty developers
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. In bad faith
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India-Nepal relations in a new transition
INTERNAL SECURITY
1. The threat of deepfakes.
F. Prelims Facts
1. Special Tiger Protection Force
G. Tidbits
1. Netaji’s birth anniversary to be celebrated as ‘Parakram Divas’
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: HEALTH

1. Punjab, T.N. register poor vaccination coverage

Context:

According to the Health Ministry, Punjab, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu have registered low coverage of COVID-19 vaccination so far.

Details:

  • In Punjab, only 27.6% of the beneficiaries have received the shot, in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu, the figures stood at 34.6% and 34.9%, respectively.
  • At the other end of the spectrum are Lakshadweep (89.3%), Sikkim (85.7%), Odisha (82.6%), Telangana (81.1%), Arunachal Pradesh (75.4%), Uttar Pradesh (71.4%) and Rajasthan (71.3%).

Challenges:

  • Vaccine hesitancy was also a challenge at the initiation of polio and measles vaccination drive.
  • It must be addressed through dialogue and creation of awareness, ensuring that the concerns are cleared.

Read more on the challenges India could face in the Vaccination Drive, covered in 19th January 2021 Comprehensive News Analysis.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. India to fly out vaccines to neighbours

Context:

India will begin to ship out lakhs of doses of the novel coronavirus vaccine to neighbouring countries.

Details:

India exporting COVID vaccines to neighbours

  • Announcing the shipments, the PM had said that India is deeply honoured to be a long-trusted partner in meeting the healthcare needs of the global community.
  • The first batches are expected to reach Bhutan and the Maldives among several countries by special planes as a grant or gift.
  • Shipments to Bhutan, the Maldives, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar and Seychelles have been confirmed, while those to Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Mauritius are awaiting necessary regulatory clearances.
  • The only exception to India’s regional vaccine diplomacy is Pakistan, that has neither requested nor is India discussing supplies to it at present.

Significance:

  • The release of the shipments is part of the government’s “Neighbourhood First” initiative.
  • This will make India the first country to reach COVID-19 vaccines in South Asia, ahead of China (which has promised but not so far delivered), the World Health Organization and GAVI’s vaccine alliance programme.

Read more on GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance.

2. Military specialists to get S-400 training in Moscow

Context:

As India prepares to receive the first batch of S-400 long-range air defence system by the end of 2021, the first group of Indian military specialists are scheduled to depart for Moscow soon to undergo training courses on the S-400.

Background:

  • In October 2018, India signed a $5.43-billion deal with Russia for five S-400 Triumf regiments despite objections from the U.S. and the threat of sanctions under Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).
  • S-400 supplies initiative is one of the flagship projects in the Russian-Indian military and military-technical cooperation.

Read more on CAATSA and its relevance to India.

G. Tidbits

1. Netaji’s birth anniversary to be celebrated as ‘Parakram Divas’

What’s in News?

The Union Culture Ministry announced that January 23rd, the birth anniversary of Subhas Chandra Bose, would be celebrated as “Parakram Divas”-  day of courage, every year.

  • In a notification, the Ministry said the government had decided to celebrate the 125th birth anniversary year starting from January 23, 2021, in a befitting manner at national and international levels.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Countering America’s Adversaries 
Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA):
  1. It is a United States federal law.
  2. CAATSA includes sanctions against countries that engage in significant transactions with the Russian defence and intelligence sectors.
  3. Sanctions have been imposed under the act on Iran, North Korea and Turkey.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 2 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

All the statements are correct.

Q2. Global Food Policy Report is published by:
  1. Food and Agriculture Organisation
  2. International Food Policy Research Institute
  3. United Nations Population Fund
  4. World Health Organization
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

Global Food Policy Report is the International Food Policy Research Institute’s flagship report.

Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to Subhas Chandra Bose:
  1. He authored the book ‘The Indian Struggle’.
  2. The newspaper named ‘Swaraj’ was started by him.
  3. He founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha to promote revolution against British rule.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 2 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Subhas Chandra Bose authored the book ‘The Indian Struggle’ which covers the Indian independence movement from 1920 to 1942. The book was banned by the British government.
  • He also started a newspaper called ‘Swaraj’.
  • Naujawan Bharat Sabha was founded in 1926 by Bhagat Singh.
Q4.Exercise Desert Knight-21 and Garuda are air exercises between which of the
 following countries? 
  1. India
  2. France
  3. Australia
  4. Saudi Arabia

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Exercise Desert King-21 is a bilateral air exercise between India and France.
  • As part of Indo-French defence cooperation, Indian Air Force and French Air and Space Force have held six editions of Air Exercises named ‘Garuda’, the latest being in 2019 at Air Force Base Mont-de-Marsan, France.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Explain the relevance of the National Investigation Agency and also discuss the recent amendments made to the NIA Act 2008. (15 marks, 250 words). [GS-3, Security]
  2. Discuss the major talking points between India and Nepal in the recent past. (15 marks, 250 words). [GS-2, International Relations]

Read the previous CNA here.

20 Jan 2021 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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