25 Jan 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 25 Jan 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
HEALTH
1. The challenge of antimicrobial resistance
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
EDUCATION
1. The devastating impact of school closure
HEALTH
1. Tackling the Omicron wave, getting future-ready
F. Prelims Facts
1. Recognise Netaji as India’s first PM: TMC
G. Tidbits
1. 100 terrorists waiting across border: BSF
2. India, Israel mark a major milestone
3. ‘India can make $300-bn electronics by 2026’
4. Amid Ukraine crisis, NATO sends planes, ships to Eastern Europe
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. 100 terrorists waiting across border: BSF

  • Border Security Force (BSF) has stated that around 135 militants are present at launch pads across the LoC waiting to infiltrate into India.
    • 2021 saw around 58 infiltration attempts from across the LoC. Notably, infiltration along the LoC has been showing a downward trend.
  • BSF noted that the overall situation along the Line of Control has been peaceful since the ceasefire agreement between India and Pakistan in 2021.

2. India, Israel mark a major milestone

  • India and Israel have started a series of events to celebrate three decades of diplomatic relations, which began in 1992.
  • The Indian Prime Minister has previously termed India and Israel as natural partners, underlining the potential of this bilateral relationship.
  • The relationship has been multidimensional with major scope in the domain of defence technology, national security and counter-terrorism, water technology, agriculture, trade and innovation and entrepreneurship.

3. ‘India can make $300-bn electronics by 2026’

  • As per a document released by the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) in association with the India Cellular & Electronics Association (ICEA), India is likely to achieve electronics production of $300 billion by 2026 as against the set target of $400 billion by 2025 as per the National Policy on Electronics (NPE) 2019.
  • Despite lower than targeted growth owing mostly to the challenges brought forth by the pandemic, the electronics manufacturing sector has shown impressive growth over the pre-pandemic phase years.
  • The major challenges being faced by the industry include qualitative (non-tariff, infrastructure-related) and quantitative (tariff, free trade agreements, etc.) aspects.

4. Amid Ukraine crisis, NATO sends planes, ships to Eastern Europe

  • NATO allies have put forces on standby and are reinforcing eastern Europe with more ships and jets to bolster Europe’s eastern defences as tensions soar over Russia’s military buildup around Ukraine.
  • The U.S. is also trying to prepare an unprecedented package of sanctions on Russia if it sends in more of its forces.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the given statements with respect to Star campaigners is/are correct?
  1. There is no law that defines a star campaigner or governs who can or cannot be made a star campaigner.
  2. The election commission has issued guidelines under the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) for regulating election campaigning by star campaigners.
  3. A star campaigner is nominated by the Election Commission specifying their constituencies.
  4. A recognised political party can have 30 star campaigners and an unrecognised registered political party can have 15.

Options:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2 and 4 only
  4. 1 and 4 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • There is no law that defines who is a star campaigner. It is a status that political parties contesting an election give to certain big names who the parties feel have more vote-fetching ability in the polls than others.
  • A star campaigner is a celebrity vote seeker in an election for a party. This person can be a politician or even a film star. There is no law governing who can or cannot be made a star campaigner.
  • They are nominated by the concerned political parties specifying their constituencies and duration of the status.
  • A ‘recognised’ party declared as such by the Election Commission — can nominate a maximum of 40 star campaigners. An unrecognised political party can nominate a maximum of 20 star campaigners. However, owing to the pandemic this has been reduced to 30 for recognized parties and 15 for unrecognized parties.
  • The Supreme Court in one of its rulings has said the Election Commission does not have the power to decide who can be a star campaigner.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to INSPIRE-MANAK Awards:
  1. The scheme is being executed by the Department of Science and Technology with the National Innovation Foundation.
  2. It covers students in the age group of 10-15 years and studying in classes 6 to 10 from both government as well as private schools.
  3. Award of Rs. 10,000 is disbursed into the bank accounts of short-listed students through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • ‘Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research’ (INSPIRE) scheme is one of the flagship programmes of the Department of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India. The INSPIRE Awards – MANAK (Million Minds Augmenting National Aspirations and Knowledge), being executed by DST with National Innovation Foundation – India (NIF), an autonomous body of DST, aims to motivate students studying in classes 6 to 10.
  • The objective of the scheme is to target one million original ideas/innovations rooted in science and societal applications to foster a culture of creativity and innovative thinking among school children.
  • Award of Rs. 10,000 is disbursed into the bank accounts of short-listed students through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme.
Q3. “Minsk Agreements” often seen in news were signed between:
  1. Russia and USA
  2. Russia and Belarus
  3. Russia and Ukraine
  4. Russia and Crimea
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Minsk Agreement was signed in 2015 between Russia and Ukraine. It mainly dealt with a commitment to a ceasefire along the existing line of contact between Russia and Ukraine.
Q4. Birbala Kanaklata Barua is famous for taking part in which of the following movements 
during the Indian Freedom Struggle?
  1. Civil Disobedience Movement
  2. Salt Satyagraha
  3. Non-Cooperation Movement
  4. Quit India Movement
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Kanaklata Barua also called Birbala was an Indian independence activist who was shot dead by the British police while leading a procession bearing the National Flag during the Quit India Movement of 1942.
Q5. Consider the following statements in respect of Trade Related Analysis of Fauna and Flora 
in Commerce (TRAFFIC): 
  1. TRAFFIC is a bureau under United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  2. The mission of TRAFFIC is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.

Which of the above statements is/are correct? (UPSC 2017)

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Wildlife trade is one of the world’s most pressing conservation challenges, affecting hundreds of millions of people and thousands of wildlife species. Trade Related Analysis of Fauna and Flora in Commerce (TRAFFIC) is a leading non-governmental organization working globally on trade in wild animals and plants in the context of both biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.
  • It was founded in 1976 as a strategic alliance of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. List out the most probable reasons for increasing antimicrobial resistance in India. What initiatives have been taken to tackle this problem? (250 words; 15 marks)(GS Paper 3/Science and Technology)
  2. Prolonged school closures due to the pandemic have dented an already fragile education system in India. Comment. (250 words; 15 marks)(GS Paper 2/Social Justice)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 25 Jan 2022:- Download PDF Here

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