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28 Jan 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 28 Jan 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India sends notice to Pak. to amend 1960 Indus pact
C. GS 3 Related
ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT
1. Cheetah project to bring in 12 big cats from South Africa
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
GOVERNANCE
1. India’s Groundwater Governance
POLITY
1. Founding ideals
F. Prelims Facts
1. Pashmina shawls
G. Tidbits
1. Rise in waterbird count recorded in Kerala’s capital
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Category: POLITY

1. Founding ideals

Syllabus: Indian Constitution

Mains: Relevance of basic values enshrined in the Preamble of Indian Constitution in present time.

Context:  The President’s address to the nation on the 74th Republic Day Republic day. 

Introduction:

  • In her first and customary Republic Day address to the nation, President Draupadi Murmu reiterated the founding ideals of the Republic. 
  • As the first tribal woman to hold the highest office in the country, she exemplified India’s ongoing journey of democracy, pluralism, and empowerment of the weaker sections.
  • Ms. Murmu underscored this quality of the Republic — the amalgamation of the old and the new, the traditional and the modern. 

Read more on President’s Address to the Nation

F. Prelims Facts

1. Pashmina shawls

Syllabus: GS-1; Indian Art and Culture

Prelims: About Pashmina shawls

Context

Kashmir’s famous pashmina shawls get a new-age French touch as an Artist turned the fabric into a canvas for contemporary art forms at a Parisian exhibition, in a bid to cater to Western sensibilities.

Pashmina shawls

  • Pashmina shawls are known for centuries and are famous for their intricate “buta or paisley patterns”.
  • These shawls are made using Pashmina wool which is obtained from the Changthangi goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) native to the region.
  • Pashmina shawls are known for the designs and patterns that are woven. The most popular ones include 
    • Buti – small singular flower design
    • Buta – multi floral
    • Khat-rast – stripes that throughout the length of the shawl
    • Badam/ambi/kairi  – paisley
    • Cypress – cluster of flowers 
  • Pashmina shawls are known as “cashmere” in the West and are in great demand.
  • In August 2013, Kashmiri Pashmina was given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag

Read more about – Pashmina shawls

G. Tidbits

1. Rise in waterbird count recorded in Kerala’s capital

  • The Asian Waterbird Census (AWC) of 2023 has indicated a 65% rise in waterbirds in the Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala which has instilled confidence despite concerns posed by anthropogenic activities.
    • AWC is part of the global International Waterbird Census (IWC) initiative.
  • Asian Waterbird Census 2023 which is an annual census exercise jointly conducted by WWF-India and the social forestry wing of the Forest Department has enumerated 5,396 birds belonging to 70 species from 11 sites spread across the district.
    • There has been a considerable increase from the bird count of 3,270 birds belonging to 72 species recorded in 2022.
  • Apart from a slight decline that was seen in the Poovar estuary and the Punchakkari-Vellayani wetland complex, all the other locations have reported an increasing trend.
  • The Punchakkari-Vellayani wetland complex, which is regarded as the birding hub of the Thiruvananthapuram, is witnessing a number of threats which include the dumping of solid waste, shift from paddy cultivation to fertilizer-intensive vegetable cultivation, noise pollution from crackers used by farmers to scare away birds and a growing trend of wedding and other photo shoots.

Read more about – Asian Waterbird Census (AWC)

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Interim Government formed in 
1946: (Level – Moderate)
  1. The Interim Government was formed from the Constituent Assembly which was elected in August 1946. The election to the Constituent Assembly was not direct and representatives were elected by the provincial assemblies.
  2. Ghazanfar Ali Khan was the finance minister of the Interim Government of the Congress and Muslim League.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The Interim Government was formed from the Constituent Assembly which was elected in August 1946.
    • The election to the Constituent Assembly was not direct and representatives were elected by the provincial assemblies.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Liaquat Ali Khan was the Finance Minister of the Interim Government.
    • Ghazanfar Ali Khan was the Health Minister 
Q2. Which of the following statements is/are correct? (Level – Moderate)
  1. Pashmina shawls gained much prominence in the days of the Mughal Empire as objects of rank and nobility.
  2. There are two breeds of pashmina goats in India, Chegu and Changthangi.
  3. Kashmir Pashmina has been accorded a GI tag.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Pashmina shawls gained much prominence in the days of the Mughal Empire as objects of rank and nobility. 
    • Babur first established the practice of giving khilat – giving ‘robes of honour’.
  • Statement 2 is correct, There are two breeds of pashmina goats in India, Chegu and Changthangi. 
    • Chegu is a unique goat breed found in the cold desert region of western Himalayas.
    • The Changthangi is a breed of cashmere goat native to the high plateaus of Ladakh in northern India
  • Statement 3 is correct, Kashmiri Pashmina was accorded the Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2013.
Q3. The Petrapole-Benapole Integrated Check Post (ICP) will serve to foster greater 
economic integration and connectivity between India and  (Level – Easy)
  1. Bangladesh
  2. Bhutan
  3. Myanmar
  4. Nepal
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Recently, India and Bangladesh have agreed to implement 24×7 operationalisation of the Petrapole-Benapole Integrated Check Post (ICP)
  • Petrapole (India) – Benapole (Bangladesh) is an important land border crossing for India-Bangladesh both in terms of trade and passenger movement.
  • The commissioning of the Petrapole-Benapole Integrated Check Post (ICP) will foster greater economic integration and connectivity between India and Bangladesh.
Q4. With respect to the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006, which of the 
following statements is/are incorrect?  (Level – Difficult)
  1. The offences under the act are cognizable and bailable.
  2. Child marriages are automatically invalid
  3. The Court of Judicial Magistrate of first class or Metropolitan Magistrate can take suo motu cognizance on the basis of any reliable information

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The offences under the Act are considered to be cognizable and non-bailable.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, As per the Act, Every child marriage, whether solemnised before or after the commencement of this Act, shall be voidable at the option of the contracting party who was a child at the time of the marriage: 
    • Provided that a petition for annulling a child marriage by a decree of nullity may be filed in the district court only by a contracting party to the marriage who was a child at the time of the marriage. 
  • Statement 3 is correct, The Court of the Judicial Magistrate of the first class or the Metropolitan Magistrate may also take suo motu cognizance on the basis of any reliable report or information.
Q5. Consider the following statements: PYQ (2007)  (Level – Difficult)
  1. The mode of removal of a Judge of a High Court in India is same as that of removal of a Judge of the Supreme Court.
  2. After retirement from the office, a permanent Judge of a High Court cannot plead or act in any court or act in any court or before any authority in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, According to Article 217 of the Indian Constitution, a High Court Judge in India can be removed from his office by the President in the manner provided in clause ( 4 ) of Article 124 for the removal of a Judge of the Supreme Court.
    • Therefore, the mode of removal of a Judge of a High Court in India is same as that of removal of a Judge of the Supreme Court
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Article 217 of the Constitution says that “no person who has held office as a permanent Judge of a High Court shall plead or act in any court or before any authority in India except the Supreme Court and the other High Courts”.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1.  What is the Indus Water Treaty? Discuss the dispute redressal mechanism within it? (15 marks, 150 words) (GS-2; International Relations)
  2.  “Groundwater is pivotal to India’s water security”. Elucidate. (10 marks, 150 words) (GS-2; Governance)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 28 Jan 2023:- Download PDF Here

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