06 Jul 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

6th July 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. No help for the helps
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. China doubles down on claims on eastern Bhutan boundary
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. FAO issues locust alert for India
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. Issue compulsory licences for generic Remdesivir: CPI(M)
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Re-enfranchise the forgotten voter
ECONOMY
1. How to counter China
F. Prelims Facts
1. Due process of law
G. Tidbits
1. Foodgrain offtake by States rises sharply
2. Govt. blocks 40 websites of Sikhs For Justice
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1. Issue compulsory licences for generic Remdesivir: CPI(M)

Context:

The Polit Bureau of the CPI(M) has said that the government should issue compulsory licences for the manufacture of a generic version of Remdesivir, an anti-viral drug being used to treat COVID-19 patients.

Details:

  • ‘Gilead Sciences’ anti-viral drug Remdesivir has shown efficacy in treating COVID-19 patients.
  • The statement said while the price of the drug was ₹2.25 lakh or $3,000 in the U.S., Indian companies were in talks for manufacturing under a Gilead’s licence for sale at ₹30,000-₹35,000.

This issue has been covered in the 1st April 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis. Click here to read.

G. Tidbits

1. Foodgrain offtake by States rises sharply

  • Relief measures being implemented in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic have paved the way for States and Union Territories in the country to draw more than double the quantity of rice for distribution during April to June this year, compared to the corresponding period last year.
  • In the corresponding three months of 2019, the total amount of rice lifted by the States and Union Territories from the Food Corporation of India (FCI) under the Centre’s various schemes was 90.71 lakh tonnes. In 2020, the figure is 192.34 lakh tonnes.

2. Govt. blocks 40 websites of Sikhs For Justice

  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has issued orders for blocking 40 websites of the U.S.-based Sikhs For Justice (SFJ), which has been banned under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
  • The ban orders came on recommendations from the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • The outfit, which was banned by the MHA about a year ago, has been running an online campaign for recruiting supporters.

Read more about the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Global Environment Facility (GEF):
  1. It was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit.
  2. GEF Trust Fund is administered by the World Bank.
  3. It serves as a financial mechanism for the Convention on Biological Diversity and UN Convention to Combat Desertification.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. World Bank serves as the GEF Trustee, administering the GEF Trust Fund. The GEF serves as a financial mechanism to five conventions: Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and Minamata Convention on Mercury.

Q2. Consider the following statements:
  1. Compulsory License is the grant of permission by the government to entities to use, manufacture, import or sell a patented invention without the patent owner’s consent.
  2.  Indian Patent Act, 1970 deals with compulsory licensing.
  3. The TRIPS Agreement does not allow for the use of compulsory licences.

Which of the given statement/s is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

Indian Patent Act, 1970 deals with compulsory licensing. The TRIPS Agreement allows the use of compulsory licences. Compulsory licensing enables a competent government authority to license the use of a patented invention to a third party or government agency without the consent of the patent-holder.

Q3. Arrange the following Indian states in the ascending order of the length of 
boundary shared with Bhutan:
  1. Sikkim
  2. Assam
  3. West Bengal
  4. Arunachal Pradesh

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 3, 4, 2
  2. 1, 4, 3, 2
  3. 3, 1, 4, 2
  4. 1, 3, 2, 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

Indian states of Assam (267 km), Arunachal Pradesh (217 km), West Bengal (183 km), and Sikkim (32 km) share boundary with Bhutan.

Q4. Which of the following pairs of cyclone and naming country is/are correctly 
matched?
  1. Cyclone Nisarga – India
  2. Cyclone Amphan – Thailand
  3. Cyclone Fani – Bangladesh

Options:

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 2 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

Cyclone Nisarga and Fani were both named by Bangladesh. Cyclone Amphan was named by Thailand.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. The migrant workers face challenges in exercising their franchise and remain politically powerless. The ‘One Nation One Voter ID’ approach ensuring domestic ballot portability would truly empower the migrant voter. Comment. (15 marks, 250 words)
  2. Analyze the importance of structural economic reforms to help close the widening economic gap between India and China, which would help India counter China’s assertiveness and also help India meet its immediate economic challenges. (10 marks, 150 words)

Read the previous CNA here.

6th July 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *