01 Jun 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

1 June 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
GEOGRAPHY
1. Cyclone brewing in Arabian Sea
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Friend turned foe: the Oli problem
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Too many aspirants for MGNREGS jobs
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. Locust control: ‘govt. ignoring non-chemical measures’
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. It’s time for a universal basic income programme in India
2. Open with caution
F. Prelims Facts
1. Rare scorpionfish found in Gulf of Mannar
2. SpaceX’s spacecraft successfully docks with ISS
3. Tata Sons to manufacture Sree Chitra institute’s test kits
4. Bengal’s grand old buildings bear the brunt of Amphan
5. Home Ministry gave 94 orders in 68 days
6. Bihar asks Centre to bear entire cost of schemes
G. Tidbits
1. Trump postpones G7 summit, seeks to expand list of invitees
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

1. Too many aspirants for MGNREGS jobs

Context:

  • Migrant labour crisis in India.

Details:

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has induced reverse migration which has brought many families to their native places.
  • There is a need for extensive preparations to gainfully employ labourers, who have returned from big cities, through the MGNREGS.

Concerns:

  • Not all interested people have been able to find jobs under the scheme. The sheer magnitude of reverse migration makes it impossible for the administration to create jobs for all under a single scheme.
  • Representatives of farmers’ organisations have complained of corruption and non-cooperation at village level. Activists complain that village-level officials are not enthusiastic about the scheme.

Way forward:

  • There is a need to create more person days under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).

2. SpaceX’s spacecraft successfully docks with ISS

  • SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft with two NASA astronauts has successfully docked with the International Space Station (ISS).
  • Elon Musk’s SpaceX is a California-headquartered company.
  • The SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft lifted off atop the company’s Falcon 9 rocket from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center.
  • With the liftoff, SpaceX became the first private company to launch people into the orbit, a feat achieved previously by only three governments: the U.S., Russia and China.
  • This marks the dawn of a new age in commercial space travel.

3. Tata Sons to manufacture Sree Chitra institute’s test kits

  • The RT-LAMP (Reverse Transcriptase Loop-Mediated Amplification) technology can produce results in a significantly less time thereby increasing the throughput of labs in India.
  • The RT-LAMP test uses an isothermal set-up to create copies of viral DNA for detection, which significantly reduces the complexity of the overall process compared to the prevalent Real Time PCR technology.
  • The test also uses proprietary magnetic nanoparticle-based RNA extraction, which gives a highly purified and concentrated level of RNA from the swab sample.

4. Bengal’s grand old buildings bear the brunt of Amphan

  • The super cyclone Amphan has severely damaged some of Bengal’s centuries-old heritage structures.
    • This includes monuments depicting Islam’s footprint on the Bengal frontier to architectural traditions of European colonialism, gardens from the time of 19th century resurgence in Bengal’s cultural landscape to the recently renovated British-era buildings.
  • A team from the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) has mapped the damage caused due to the cyclone.
  • Serampore College, founded by William Carey, a cultural anthropologist who played a significant role in the spread of western education, is one of the damaged buildings.
  • The Dupleix Palace at Chandannagar, built by French Governor-General Joseph Francois Dupleix, also suffered severe damage.
  • The main structure of an early medieval brick temple, Jatar Deul, dating back to the 11th and 12th centuries CE (Current Era) in Namkhana of South 24 Parganas has also been affected.
  • The iconic St. Andrew’s Church dating back to 1818, also sustained severe damage.

5. Home Ministry gave 94 orders in 68 days

  • The Home Ministry’s orders during the lockdown have been issued under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • The Disaster Management Act, 2005 has been invoked for the first time in the country since the legislation was drafted after the tsunami in 2004.
  • The Act has introduced a legal framework for disaster management in the country, with the Home Ministry being the nodal Ministry.
  • Under the Act, the States and district authorities can frame their own rules on the basis of broad guidelines issued by the Home Ministry.

6. Bihar asks Centre to bear entire cost of schemes

  • Bihar has been urging the Centre to bear the State’s share of all 66 Centrally sponsored schemes for the next one year owing to the low tax collections because of the extended COVID-19 lockdown.
  • The implementation of Centrally sponsored schemes such as the MGNREGA, the PMAY (Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana), mid-day meal and others could bear the brunt of insufficient funds.
  • Most of the Centrally sponsored schemes have 60:40 ratio, however, in some schemes the ratio is even 50:50.

G. Tidbits

1. Trump postpones G7 summit, seeks to expand list of invitees

  • The U.S. President has stated that he would be postponing the proposed Group of Seven summit.
  • The U.S. President has proposed an expansion of the list of invitees to the G7 summit to include Australia, Russia, South Korea and India in an effort to make the G7 more representative of the current status of global affairs.
  • However, it is unclear whether the invite to additional countries was a bid to permanently expand the G7.
  • Russia was expelled from what was then the G8 in 2014 after Russia annexed the Crimea region from Ukraine.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?
  1. Cyclonic storms are common in the pre-monsoon season.
  2. The 2019, Cyclone Vayu, which formed in the Bay of Bengal, stalled the monsoons after it entered Kerala.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
See
Answer
Q2. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?
  1. The Gulf of Mannar is a large shallow bay forming part of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean.
  2. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve is the largest biosphere in India area-wise.
  3. Dugong, the endangered herbivorous marine mammal, is found in the Gulf of Mannar.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
See
Answer
Q3. Which of the following is not a centrally sponsored scheme?
  1. Nutrient Based Subsidy
  2. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
  3. Mid-day meal scheme
  4. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
See
Answer
Q4. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?
  1. India is the largest milk producer in the world.
  2. Close to 90% of the marketable surplus of milk production in India is handled by the organised sector.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
See
Answer

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Discuss the potential benefits of a universal basic income (UBI) programme in India and the challenges in implementing such a scheme in India. (15 marks, 250 words)
  2. In the light of the locust infestations in India, discuss both short and long term measures to address this challenge. (10 marks, 150 words)

Read the previous CNA here.

1 June 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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