Amphan is a super tropical cyclone that originated from the Bay of Bengal in May 2020. It is considered the first super cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. It is a part of the North Indian Ocean Cyclone Season. The Indian states of West Bengal and Odisha, and the country of Bangladesh were hit by Amphan as a ‘very severe cyclonic storm.’
This article will mention the important facts about Amphan which will be useful for the Geography syllabus (GS-I) of the IAS Exam.
Facts about Cyclone Amphan
The following are the key facts about the Amphan cyclone as they form part of current affairs for the UPSC exam (a major section from where questions are asked):
- Thailand has given the name of the cyclone – Amphan, which is pronounced as ‘UM-PUN’.
- Amphan formed over the Bay of Bengal as a tropical cyclone and later intensified into a ‘Very Severe Cyclonic Storm’ (VSCS) to ‘Extreme Severe Cyclonic Storm (ESCS)’.
- It is made landfall between Digha (West Bengal) and Hathiya islands (Bangladesh) on May 20.
- The regions of East Midnapore, North and South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and West Midnapore were affected by the heavy rainfall.
- North Odisha Coast faced the maximum impact after Amphan makes landfall with the wind speed of 110-120 mph.
- The range of wind speed of Amphan reached up to 230-265 mph before it weakens in intensity.
- Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) at Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) was used to track the cyclone Amphan.
- After the Phailin cyclone that had hit the Bengal-Odisha coast in 2013, Amphan is said to be the strongest tropical cyclone to hit the coast.
- The trajectory of Amphan was towards West Bengal and Bangladesh and it made landfall as a severe storm at:
- West Bengal – Sagar Island
- Bangladesh – Hatiya Island
- National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialized authority constituted under the Disaster Management Act 2005. It was monitoring Amphan with the parallel monitoring by:
- National Crisis Monitoring Committee (Constituted by the Government of India, to meet the exigencies of natural calamities.)
- Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)
- Indian Meteorological Committee (IMD)
- The other Indian States those were impacted by Amphan were:
- Kerala – Heavy rainfall; Yellow Alert has been issued
Aspirants can refer to our Comprehensive News Analysis (CNA) of all important issues in news for UPSC.
Amphan and Important Regions for UPSC
With the cyclone Amphan, a few cities and islands have been in the news which IAS aspirants should know about as questions can be asked from these:
Candidates can refer to Geography notes for other such important topics.
There are important topics in relation to Amphan, which aspirants can read from the links mentioned in the table below:
|How are cyclones named?||La Nina||El Nino|
|El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)||Heating and Cooling of Atmosphere||General Circulation of Atmosphere|