Government bodies and agencies including security agencies are important for the UPSC exam. Their functions, mandate and objectives can be asked in the exam in the prelims or the IAS mains. In this article, you can read all about the NDRF which is the field of disaster management in India.
The NDRF is a specialised force formed to have specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster under the Disaster Management Act of 2005. It operates under the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). The head of the NDRF is designated as a Director-General (DG). He/she is an IPS officer on deputation from any police organisation. The DG has the uniform and badges of a 3-star rank army general.
- Currently, the NDRF is composed of 12 battalions.
- 3 from BSF
- 3 from CRPF
- 2 from CISF
- 2 from ITBP
- 2 from SSB
- Each battalion contains 18 search and rescue teams that include 45 members who are engineers, electricians, technicians, medics/paramedics, and dog squads.
- Each battalion has a strength of 1149.
- They are trained to respond to natural and man-made disasters.
- They are also trained to handle chemical, radiological, biological and nuclear emergencies.
- The battalions are located in 12 places in the country based on the vulnerability profile in order to lessen the response time for deployment at the site of the disaster.
The NDRF has provided immense contribution during disasters such as floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, building collapses, etc. Recently, during the floods of Kerala in August 2018, about 58 teams of NDRF were deployed in the state for relief and rescue operations. This is the highest deployment of the NDRF in any state since its inception.
The NDRF also takes steps to create awareness among the people about disaster response. This is the key to a successful disaster management. Lack of awareness leads to the loss of lives and property. In order to spread awareness, the NDRF regularly conducts education and training programs among the people and also school children. This is in acknowledgement of the fact that the local population is the first responder.
For tips on how to prepare for disaster management for the UPSC exam, click on the link below: