25 Jun 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 05

CNA 25 June 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
INDIAN SOCIETY
1. A small start that went on to change the lives of women
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT
1. Climate change and crop failure
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. The advent of ‘app-solute’ chaos in NREGA
F. Prelims Facts
1. Invasive weed, 17 plants stifling Kaziranga
2. Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
G. Tidbits
1. U.S. Supreme Court overturns abortion right
2. U.S. House passes gun-safety legislation
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

1. A small start that went on to change the lives of women

Syllabus: Role of women and women’s organization

Mains: The significance of the inclusion of women in the Police force.

Context

All Women Police Stations in Tamil Nadu.

Background

  • In 1973, the first-ever all-women’s wing in the Chennai City Police was started.
  • In 1992, the Tamil Nadu Government initiated the first All Women Police Station (AWPS) at Chennai’s Thousand Lights police station, which was managed by an inspector, three sub-inspectors, six head constables and 24 constables.
  • The objective was to encourage women to report cases of crime and harassment, which they would find difficult to narrate to a male officer.
Women in Khaki

Image source: The Hindu

The impact of including women in Police Stations and setting up AWPS

  • This has helped to overcome the stigma of police stations not being a good place for women to visit.
  • The inclusion of women in the police departments has also encouraged women to come forward to seek redress for their complaints.
    • The impact is seen more in cases of crime against women and children being reported.
  • It has also helped raise awareness about various existing laws for women.
    • The personnel also raise awareness among students and educate them to report sexual abuse or inappropriate behaviour. 
  • At present, Tamil Nadu has 222 AWPSs and this model has been replicated in various other parts of the country.
  • In 2021, about 75000 individuals, mostly women, had given complaints (including matrimonial disputes) at the AWPS in Tamil Nadu and over 72,428 complainants were redressed through counselling which would have been prolonged in the Courts.
  • The women personnel play a significant role in handling serious crimes against women and children, such as rape, molestation, abduction, dowry deaths, cruelty by husband/relatives, sexual harassment cases booked under the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Prohibition of Women Harassment Acts and the POCSO Act.
Nut Graf

The inclusion of women in the police department has played a key role in raising awareness about the laws on the crimes against women and has encouraged women and children to come and seek justice.

2. Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)

SyllabusGS-2; International Relations; Global groupings and agreements

Prelims: The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States

The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)

  • The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) was launched in December 2011 in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of the ‘Declaration of Caracas’.
  • CELAC is an intergovernmental mechanism for dialogue and political agreement, which permanently includes 33 Latin American and Caribbean countries.
  • CELAC is a regional forum that binds together all Latin American and Caribbean countries.
  • CELAC aims to be a single voice and structured political decision-making in the political arena and cooperation in support of regional integration programs.

Objective: To advance the gradual process of regional integration, unity and careful balance of the political, economic, social and cultural diversity of Latin America and the Caribbean people.

G. Tidbits

1. U.S. Supreme Court overturns abortion right

  • The U.S. Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade 1973 judgement which was considered a landmark judgement in extending women in America the right to have an abortion before the foetus is viable outside the womb — before the 24-28 week mark.
  • Abortion rights that have been available to women will now be determined by individual States.
  • About 20 States have laws restricting or banning abortions.

Read more about the issue – UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis dated 06 May 2022

Also watch below:

2. U.S. House passes gun-safety legislation

  • The U.S. House of Representatives passed crucial gun-safety legislation for the first time in 30 years.
  • The House passed the Bill, after a Supreme Court ruling broadly expanded gun rights.
  • Gun control has been a divisive issue in the United States and the latest move is to address the issues of several instances of mass murders in recent times.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regards to invasive species: (Level – Difficult)
  1. A species is termed invasive if it’s previously absent in that ecosystem and has been introduced in that area from outside mostly by human intervention.
  2. Invasive growth of the grass Paspalum distichum has changed the ecological character of large areas of the Keoladeo National Park, reducing its suitability for certain waterbird species including the Siberian Crane.
  3. The Ministry of Environment and Forests issues approval along with quarantine certificates for the export of wild animals and articles under the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, A species is termed invasive if it’s previously absent in that ecosystem and has been introduced in that area from outside mostly by human intervention.
  • Statement 2 is correct, The invasive growth of the grass Paspalum distichum has changed the ecological character of large areas of  Keoladeo National Park, reducing its suitability for certain waterbird species including the Siberian Crane.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Under the articles of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEFCC) issues approval and quarantine certificates to export wild animals.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to Intelligence Bureau: (Level – Medium)
  1. IB was founded on December 23, 1887, as the “Central Special Branch” by the Secretary of State for India in London.
  2. IB technically falls under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  3. The Director of the Intelligence Bureau (DIB) has always been an IPS officer.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct,  Intelligence Bureau (IB) was founded on December 23, 1887, as the “Central Special Branch” by the Secretary of State for India in London.
    • The IB is considered the oldest surviving intelligence organization in the world.
  • Statement 2 is correct, IB technically falls under the authority of the Ministry of Home 
  • Affairs.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The Director of the Intelligence Bureau (DIB) has always been an IPS officer.
Q3. VL-SRSAM missile system, often seen in the news, stands for (Level – Easy)
  1. Very Light – Short Range Surface to Air Missile
  2. Vertical Launch – Short Range Surface to Air Missile
  3. Vertical Launch – Supersonic Range Surface to Air Missile
  4. 5th generation Launch – Short Range Surface to Air Missile
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • VL-SRSAM stands for Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile. 
  • VL-SRSAM has been designed and developed jointly by three facilities of the Defence Research and Development Organisation for the deployment of Indian Naval warships. 
  • The VL-SRSAM system has been designed to strike at the high-speed airborne targets at the range of 40km to 50km and at an altitude of around 15km.
Q4. Consider the following statements with regards to NITI Aayog: (Level – Easy)
  1. The ex-officio chairman of the NITI Aayog is the Prime Minister.
  2. Vice-Chairperson of the NITI Aayog is appointed by the President of India.
  3. The CEO of NITI Aayog will be in the rank of the Secretary to the Government of India.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The ex-officio chairman of the NITI Aayog is the Prime Minister.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The Prime Minister appoints the Vice-Chairperson of NITI Aayog.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The CEO of NITI Aayog will be in the rank of the Secretary to the Government of India.
Q5. At the national level, which ministry is the nodal agency to ensure effective 
implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers 
(Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006? (Level – Easy) [UPSC 2021]
  1. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
  2. Ministry of Panchayati Raj
  3. Ministry of Rural Development
  4. Ministry of Tribal Affairs
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006 recognizes the rights of the forest-dwelling tribal communities and other traditional forest dwellers to forest resources, on which these communities were dependent for a variety of needs, including livelihood, habitation and other socio-cultural needs.
  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the nodal agency to ensure the effective implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.

CNA 25 June 2022:- Download PDF Here

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