23 Nov 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

23 Nov 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Uproar over Kerala law to curb abusive content
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Japanese grant to strengthen Maldives Coast Guard
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. PM for integrated fight against climate change
SECURITY
1. 132 countries attend global meet on criminal finances
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Chinese dam projects on Brahmaputra are a threat to lives and livelihoods downstream
ECONOMY
1. No Minister, the trade agreement pitch is flawed
F. Prelims Facts
1. India, Thailand, Singapore naval exercise concludes
2. Arogya Sanjivani
G. Tidbits
1. Arunachal Pradesh CM pushes for highway along Tibet border
2. India set to launch deep sea mission
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. Japanese grant to strengthen Maldives Coast Guard

Context:

The Maldives and Japan have signed an agreement for a Japanese grant of $7.6 million to be extended to the Maldives Coast Guard and the Maritime Rescue and Coordination Center.

Details:

  • The development comes less than three months after the signing of the ‘Framework for U.S. Department of Defence-Maldives Ministry of Defence – Defence and Security Relationship’.
  • The grant aid is the Maldives’s second major pact with a member of the Quad.
    • The Quad member countries’ Foreign Ministers had recently held discussions, including on ways to counter Chinese presence and influence in the region.

Significance:

  • The Maldives is home to nearly 4 lakh people and assumes geopolitical significance, owing to its strategic location.
  • The deal will be utilised to further strengthen the capabilities of the Maldives Coast Guard, the country’s Maritime Rescue and Coordination Center, Sub-Regional Centers and Vessels.
  • It includes the provision of communications equipment, professional search and rescue dive equipment.

India’s Position:

  • In a departure from its earlier reservations to other big powers expanding its strategic presence in the region, India had welcomed the Maldives’s first military agreement with the U.S., the Maldives’s first with a country other than India.
  • India views the development as a positive one, as it did when Washington and Male earlier signed the defence pact that focusses on maintaining peace and security in the Indian Ocean, besides promoting a rules-based order that promotes stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region.

Category: SECURITY

1. 132 countries attend global meet on criminal finances

Context:

The 4th Global Conference on Criminal Finances and Cryptocurrencies was organised by the Interpol, Europol and the Basel Institute on Governance.

Details:

  • Representatives from 132 countries attended the virtual conference to shape international cross-sector solutions against the criminal use of cryptocurrencies.
  • The conference’s agenda included trends and investigations on cryptocurrency-related offences, exploring criminal flows and operations in the dark markets, ransomware and sextortion case studies, money laundering involving virtual assets, and the transfer of drug proceeds using cryptocurrencies.
Global Conference on Criminal Finances and Cryptocurrencies
  • The conference is an initiative of the Working Group on Cryptocurrencies and Money Laundering established in 2016 by the three organisations Interpol, Europol and the Basel Institute on Governance.
  • It was launched with the objective of strengthening knowledge, expertise and best practices for investigations into financial crimes and intelligence on virtual assets and cryptocurrencies.

Significance:

  • Recently, there has been an increase in the number and quality of investigations in the field of cryptocurrency-facilitated crime and subsequent money laundering.
  • Law enforcement and other public entities are continuing to enhance their level of knowledge and expertise in this crime area.

The conference serves as an opportunity to underline the need for countries and jurisdictions to increase the exchange of tactical information and best practices.

Category: ECONOMY

1. No Minister, the trade agreement pitch is flawed

Reference:

CNA dated Nov 20, 2020: India’s mask of economic liberalism is off

F. Prelims Facts

1. India, Thailand, Singapore naval exercise concludes

What’s in News?

The second edition of the India, Thailand and Singapore trilateral naval exercise, SITMEX-20, concluded in the Andaman Sea.

This topic has been covered in the 22nd November 2020 PIB Summary and Analysis.

Also read about SIMBEX-20.

2. Arogya Sanjivani

  • Arogya Sanjeevani is a standardised health insurance policy designed by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority.
  • Every general insurance or health insurance company is mandated to offer it from April 1, 2020.
  • The Insurance Regulatory Authority of India (IRDAI) has made it mandatory for health insurers to introduce a standard product that offers basic coverage.
  • The insurance policy offers coverage of between Rs. 1 lakh and Rs. 5 lakh and will be for a period of one year. It will be available in multiples of Rs. 50,000.
  • Anyone over the age of 18 can purchase an Arogya Sanjeevani Policy.
  • The maximum age at which one can purchase this policy is 65 years.

G. Tidbits

1. Arunachal Pradesh CM pushes for highway along Tibet border

What’s in News?

Arunachal Pradesh CM has opined that developing the Frontier Highway is the key in a conflict situation.

  • Since the stand-off between the Indian and Chinese armies in Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh has been pushing for the ambitious Frontier Highway project along the “India-Tibet border” for facilitating faster movement of troops if a war-like situation arises.
  • The project has gained momentum after having brought all armed forces, Border Roads Organisation and other stakeholder agencies on the same page for a coordinated approach to build the highway at Himalayan heights along the 1,100 km Line of Actual Control.
  • However, the state is unable to get cheaper foreign funding because of Beijing’s interference.

2. India set to launch deep sea mission

What’s in News?

India will soon launch an ambitious ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ that envisages the exploration of minerals, energy and marine diversity of the underwater world.

Significance:

  • The mission is expected to cost over ₹4,000 crore and will give a boost to efforts to explore India’s vast Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf.
  • The mission will also involve developing technologies for different deep ocean initiatives.
  • The multi-disciplinary work will be piloted by the MoES and other government departments like the Defence Research and Development Organisation, Department of Biotechnology, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) will be stakeholders in this mission.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. “SITMEX” is a maritime exercise between the navies of which of the following countries?
  1. India
  2. Singapore
  3. Thailand
  4. Malaysia
  5. Maldives

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1, 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 3 and 5 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • SITMEX is a trilateral maritime exercise between the navies of India, Singapore and Thailand.
  • Commenced in 2019, the first exercise was hosted by India.
  • The 2020 exercise is being hosted by the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN).
Q2. Consider the following pairs:
  1. INS Kamorta – Anti-Submarine Warfare stealth corvette
  2. INS Karmuk – Missile corvette
  3. INS Kalvari – Scorpene-class submarine

Which of these is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • INS Kamorta is the first of four anti-submarine Kamorta-class stealth corvettes which have been built for the Indian Navy.
  • INS Karmuk is a missile corvette of the Kora class.
  • INS Kalvari is a Scorpène-class submarine in service with the Indian Navy. It is a diesel-electric attack submarine.

All the pairs are correctly matched.

Q3. Consider the following statements regarding the United Nations Framework Convention 
on Climate Change (UNFCCC):
  1. It sets a framework for limiting the emissions of greenhouse gases by individual countries.
  2. It is legally binding.
  3. Nagoya Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  4. Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1, 2 and 4 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1 and 4 only
  4. 1, 3 and 4 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sets a framework for limiting the emissions of greenhouse gases by individual countries. It is not legally binding.
  • Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  • Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to River Brahmaputra:
  1. It originates in Tibet and is known as the Yarlung Tsangpo there.
  2. The river flows eastwards through southern Tibet and makes a U-turn at the Shuomatan Point before it enters Arunachal Pradesh.
  3. The river also flows through Bangladesh.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Brahmaputra is a perennial river which originates in Tibet, where it is known as the Yarlung Tsangpo.
  • It flows eastwards through southern Tibet for a distance of 1,625 kilometers and at its easternmost point, it swings around to make a spectacular U-turn at the Shuomatan Point or Great Bend before it enters India’s easternmost state, Arunachal Pradesh. Here it is known as the Siang River.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Discuss the concerns of India and other lower riparian countries with China’s dam construction on the River Brahmaputra. What are the alternative solutions in the interest of all the stakeholders? (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 2, IR)
  2. Kerala Government’s law on social media posts violates the principles of free speech and individual liberty. Critically Analyze.  (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS 2, Polity)

Read the previous CNA here.

23 Nov 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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