Download the BYJU'S Exam Prep App for free IAS preparation videos & tests - Download the BYJU'S Exam Prep App for free IAS preparation videos & tests -

26 Nov 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 26 Nov 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. Govt. forms panel to look into MGNREGA’s efficacy
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Referendum
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Russia offers advanced fuel option for Kudankulam plant
2. States ask Centre to rein in reliance on surcharges, cess while raising revenue
3. Railways creates a roadmap to export Vande Bharat trains
4. Indians received the biggest share of U.K. work visas: report
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

F. Prelims Facts

Nothing here for today!!!

G. Tidbits

1. Russia offers advanced fuel option for Kudankulam plant

  • Rosatom, which is Russia’s state-owned nuclear energy corporation, has offered an advanced fuel option to the Kudankulam Nuclear plant which helps the reactors of the plant to operate for an extended period of time without the need for stopping to load fresh fuel.
    • Kudankulam Nuclear plant is India’s largest nuclear power station. 
  • Rosatom’s nuclear fuel division named the TVEL Fuel Company is the current supplier of TVS – 2 M fuel for the two VVER 1,000 MWe reactors generating power in the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project. 
  • The fuel which is being supplied currently has an 18-month fuel cycle i.e the reactor has to be stopped for fresh fuel loading once every 18 months.
  • TVEL has now offered the more modern Advanced Technology Fuel (ATF), which has a fuel cycle of 24 months. 
  • The use of ATF will help in increasing the efficiency, ensure additional power generation on account of prolonged operation and also save foreign exchange required to buy fresh fuel assemblies from Russia. 

2. States ask Centre to rein in reliance on surcharges, cess while raising revenue

Pie

Image Source: The Hindu

  • Several States including those being governed by the ruling party in the centre have sought the Centre to stop increasing its revenues in the form of cess and surcharges as it reduces the share of states in the divisible pool of taxes.
  • States at a consultation meeting for the Union Budget of 2023-24, chaired by the Union Finance Minister also have asked for increased fiscal support to help revive the economy and have reiterated their demands for extending the Goods and Services Tax (GST) compensation period. Key concerns associated with the federal fiscal framework were also raised.
  • The Finance Minister of Tamil Nadu highlighted that the share of cesses and surcharges has increased from 10.4% of gross tax revenue in 2011-12 to about 26.7% in 2021-22 which has deprived the States of their legitimate share of revenue collected by the Union Government.
  • The Finance Minister of Kerala asked the Centre to phase out more spending on the subjects under the State List mentioned in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution and provide more flexible funds as grants rather than the centrally sponsored schemes with rigid criteria.
  • The Union Finance Ministry has said the states also thanked the central government for financially supporting the States and Union Territories by increasing their borrowing limits, providing two advanced devolution instalments and through special assistance for capital expenditure.

3. Railways creates a roadmap to export Vande Bharat trains

  • The Ministry of Railways is preparing a roadmap to begin the export of the indigenously manufactured Vande Bharat trains by 2025-26 and the Ministry is also working on increasing the production of Vande Bharat trains and introducing new versions with sleeper coaches.
    • The sleeper version of the Vande Bharat trains is expected to be ready by the first quarter of 2024 and will be manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory in Chennai.
  • The Railways is preparing to operate 75 new Vande Bharat trains for 10 to 12 lakh kilometres before aggressively pursuing the exports.
  • The Ministry is also developing “standard gauge” tracks in Rajasthan which are used outside India to test the trains which will be exported, as trains in India run on broad-gauge tracks. 
  • Further, the Ministry is collaborating with global firms to develop “tilting trains” which can operate on curved tracks without slowing down by 2025-26. About 400 Vande Bharat trains are expected to be manufactured by 2025 using this technology.

4. Indians received the biggest share of U.K. work visas: report

Migration

Image Source: The Hindu

  • As per the British government, Indian nationals with over 39% of the total work-related visas granted by the UK for the year ending September 2022 have received the largest number of work-related visas issued by the U.K.
    • Out of the total 1,45,258 work-related visas issued by the U.K., Indians have received 56,042, which has witnessed a 90% increase as compared to the pre-pandemic figure of 29,552 in 2019.
  • India is followed by countries such as the Philippines, Nigeria, and the US as the visa-seeking nations seeking work visas.
  • Indians along with the US and South Africa, have featured in the top three nationalities that were granted “Skilled Worker” visas from the U.K. 
  • During the same period, the U.K. further granted about 1,27,731 student visas to Indian nationals, which also saw an increase of 93,470 from the 34,261 visas granted in 2019. 
  • However, the issue of pending visa applications has impacted the flow of people from India to the U.K. in the recent past. If the situation improves, more Indians are expected to be granted work-related and student visas in the future.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following statements are correct? (Level – Difficult)
  1. A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court decriminalized homosexuality in the Shreya Singhal case of 2015.
  2. The Special Marriage Act of 1954 currently allows solemnisation of same-sex marriages under it.
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, Supreme Court through the Shreya Singhal case judgement struck down Section 66A of the Information Technology Act, 2000.
    • The Supreme Court in 2018 through its landmark judgement in the Navtej Singh Johar case decriminalized homosexuality.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The Special Marriage Act of 1954 provides a civil form of marriage for couples who cannot marry under their personal law and at present, sex marriages are not non-recognised under the Act.
Q2. The shore line of this lake is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era 
gardens, parks, houseboats and hotels. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from
 the shore line Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during 
the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and from houseboats cruising along the lake in 
the colourful shikaras. During the winter season, the temperature can sometimes reach
as low as −11 °C and ends up freezing the lake. This description refers to - 
(Level – Easy)
  1. Dal Lake
  2. Mansar Lake
  3. Wular Lake
  4. Gadsar Lake
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The description in the question refers to Dal lake in Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir. 
  • The urban lake is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is regarded as the “Jewel in the crown of Kashmir” or “Srinagar’s Jewel”.
  • The lake is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting.
Q3. Which among the following states does not enjoy the Special Category Status? 
(Level – Medium)
  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Nagaland
  3. Punjab
  4. Uttarakhand
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • A Special Category Status (SCS) is a classification given by the Centre to assist in the development of those states that face geographical and socio-economic disadvantages.
  • States/UTs that enjoy Special Category Status (SCS): Assam, Nagaland, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Uttarakhand.
Q4. National Milk Day is marked on 26th November and in this context examine which 
of the below statements are correct?  (Level - Medium)
  1. It is marked to commemorate the birth anniversary of the “Father of the White Revolution in India” – Dr. Verghese Kurien.
  2. It celebrates the importance of milk in a human’s life and spreads awareness of the benefits of drinking milk.
  3. It aims to strengthen the dairy sector by increasing the production of milk products.
  4. All the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • National Milk Day in India is celebrated every year on the 26th of November in honour of Dr. Verghese Kurien who is regarded as the “Father of the White Revolution in India” and the “Milkman of India”.
  • National Milk Day celebrates the importance of milk in a human’s life and spreads awareness of the benefits of drinking milk.
  • National Milk Day aims to strengthen the dairy sector by increasing the production of milk products.
Q5. With reference to the Genetically Modified mustard (GM mustard) developed in 
India, consider the following statements: (Level - Medium) PYQP (2018)
  1. GM mustard has the genes of a soil bacterium that give the plant the property of pest resistance to a wide variety of pests.
  2. GM mustard has the genes that allow the plant cross-pollination and hybridization.
  3. GM mustard has been developed jointly by the IARI and Punjab Agricultural University.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The DMH-11 (GM mustard) is produced as a result of a crossing between two varieties of mustard namely the Varuna and Early Heera-2. 
    • To facilitate such crossing, genes from two soil bacterium called Barnase and Barstar were introduced.
    • Barnase in Varuna induces temporary sterility and restricts its natural self-pollination traits and tendencies.
    • On the other hand, Barstar limits the effects of Barnase on Heera thereby allowing seeds to be produced. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, GM mustard has the genes that allow the plant cross-pollination and hybridization.
  • Statement 3 is not correct, GM mustard has been developed by researchers at the Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants at the University of Delhi

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1.  “The use of surcharges to raise revenue distorts the GST regime.” Elucidate. (150 words, 10 marks) (GS-3; Economy)
  2. Discuss the role of advanced nuclear fuel technology in India’s energy security. (150 words, 10 marks) (GS-3; Energy)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 26 Nov 2022:- Download PDF Here

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.

*

*