30 Nov 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

30 Nov 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. China nod for downstream dam on the Brahmaputra
2. ‘Iran will give a calculated response to scientist killing’
HEALTH
1. Lifetime risk of diabetes in metros alarming: study
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. First case under conversion ordinance in U.P.
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Farmers reject Centre’s call for talks, say Burari is an open jail
D. GS 4 Related
ECONOMY
1. Reaping the whirlwind
2. Historic Recession
ENVIRONMENT
1. The Paris Agreement is no panacea
E. Editorials
F. Prelims Facts
1. Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
G. Tidbits
1. 26/11 key accused wanted ‘medal’ for ‘top class’ input
2. In Colombo, Ajit Doval meets Sampanthan
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. ‘Iran will give a calculated response to scientist killing’

Context:

A leading Iranian nuclear scientist and a brigadier general in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard – Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, has been assassinated in Tehran.

This topic has been 29th November 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.
Category: HEALTH

1. Lifetime risk of diabetes in metros alarming: study

Context:

A new research titled ‘Lifetime risk of diabetes in metropolitan cities in India’ has been published in Diabetologia (journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes).

Details:

  • It shows that more than half of men (55%) and some two-thirds (65%) of women aged 20 years in India will likely develop diabetes, with most of those cases (around 95%) likely to be type 2 diabetes.
  • India already has a significant health burden caused by diabetes and estimates suggest that 77 million adults have diabetes and this is expected to almost double to 134 million by 2045.
  • The researchers noted that — urbanisation, decreasing diet quality and decreased levels of physical activity — are all contributing to this hidden epidemic.

Concerns:

  • Diabetes is one of the most important threats to public health in India.
  • Such high probabilities of developing diabetes will have severely negative implications for India’s already strained health system.
  • It would also increase the out-of-pocket expenditure on diabetes treatment.

Read more on “Diabetes” covered in 4th July 2020 PIB Summary and Analysis.
Category: POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

1. First case under conversion ordinance in U.P.

Context:

Recently, the Uttar Pradesh government proposed an ordinance seeking to prohibit “unlawful” religious conversions. The Uttar Pradesh police lodged the first case under the new ordinance.

This topic has been covered in the 25th November 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis and 27th November 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

G. Tidbits

1. 26/11 key accused wanted ‘medal’ for ‘top class’ input

What’s in News?

A U.S. court has set the date of hearing for the extradition of Pakistani-origin Canadian businessman Tahawwur Rana, who has been declared a fugitive by India for his involvement in the 2008 Mumbai terror attack case.

  • The Mumbai terror attack in 2008 was a horrific terrorist attack by 10 heavily-armed terrorists from Pakistan.
  • Pakistani national Mohammed Ajmal Kasab, the lone terrorist captured alive, was hanged to death in 2012.

Read more on Mumbai Terror Attacks (26/11).

2. In Colombo, Ajit Doval meets Sampanthan

What’s in News?

India’s National Security Adviser (NSA) met a senior Sri Lankan Tamil leader R. Sampanthan before wrapping up his two-day visit for a trilateral discussion on maritime cooperation and security.

  • The meeting with Mr. Sampanthan, whose Tamil National Alliance has ten MPs in the 225-member legislature, assumes significance, as India has highlighted its concerns about the rights of the Tamil minorities.
  • A joint statement issued by New Delhi and Colombo had said: “Prime Minister Modi called on the Government of Sri Lanka to address the aspirations of the Tamil people for equality, justice, peace and respect within a united Sri Lanka, including by carrying forward the process of reconciliation with the implementation of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.”

Background:

  • The Rajapaksa administration has promised to draft a new Constitution.
  • However, some prominent members of the government openly oppose the Amendment and the provincial council system consequent on the Indo-Lanka Accord that was signed in 1987.

Read more on the 13th Amendment to the Sri Lankan Constitution.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following are left-bank tributaries of River Brahmaputra?
  1. River Dhansiri
  2. River Lohit
  3. River Subansiri
  4. River Dibang
  5. River Kameng

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 2 and 4 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
  4. 3, 4 and 5 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

Rivers Dhansiri, Lohit and Dibang are the left bank tributaries of River Brahmaputra, while Rivers Subansiri and Kameng are right bank tributaries.

Q2. Which of the following rightly describes Mission SAMPARK?
  1. The mission is aimed at tracing patients with HIV/AIDS, who are left to follow up and are to be brought under Antiretroviral therapy (ART) services.
  2.  The mission is aimed at formulating developmental policies for accelerating growth of the telecommunication services.
  3. The mission launched in the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic to have a safe arrangement to fly passengers between two countries.
  4. The mission is aimed at assisting the needy disabled persons in procuring standard aids and appliances that can promote their physical, social and psychological rehabilitation.
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Mission Sampark is an initiative of the Government of India to reach out to all the Lost to Follow up Patients Living with HIV/AIDS.
  • The mission is aimed at tracing those who are left to follow up and are to be brought under Antiretroviral therapy (ART) services.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to the Organisation of Islamic 
Cooperation (OIC):
  1. It is the second-largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
  2. Its Permanent Secretariat is in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  3. The OIC has permanent delegations to the European Union.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

All the statements are correct.

Q4. Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary is located in:
  1. Uttarakhand
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Punjab
  4. Uttar Pradesh
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary is located on the bank of Spiti River in Himachal Pradesh.
  • It is India’s only cold desert wildlife sanctuary.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Recent farm acts aim to increase the availability of buyers for farmers’ produce thereby ensuring the goal of doubling farmers’ income. Critically discuss various apprehensions in its effective implementation along with concerns it has generated in various federal units. [GS 3, Economy]
  2. Pandemic has led the Indian economy into a recession. Discuss the measures needed to be taken by the Government to revive private consumption in order to improve overall demand in the economy. [GS 3, Economy]

Read the previous CNA here.

30 Nov 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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