27 Nov 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

27 Nov 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. PM pitches for ‘One Nation, One Election’
2. Beneficiaries of Roshni Act move SC
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Shringla in Nepal to mend ties
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Policing faith
HEALTH
1. A clear reading of the Ayurveda surgery move
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
1. Storm warnings
F. Prelims Facts
1. IMAC to be domain awareness centre
G. Tidbits
1. With self-reliance push, China looks to reset ties with world
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Beneficiaries of Roshni Act move SC

Context:

As the J&K administration continues to make the names of the beneficiaries of the now-nullified Roshni Act public, a petition has been filed before the Supreme Court by the beneficiaries claiming they were not even heard by the J&K High Court as it passed the directions.

Roshni Act:

  • The Jammu and Kashmir States Land (vesting of ownership to the occupants) Act is also known as the Roshni Act.
  • Enacted in 2001, the law sought to regularise unauthorised land.
  • It envisaged the transfer of ownership rights of state land to its occupants, subject to the payment of a cost, determined by the government.
  • The government said that the revenue generated would be spent on commissioning hydroelectric power projects, hence the name Roshni.

Issue:

  • While the Act was passed to raise ₹25,000 crore for hydel projects, only ₹76 crore was collected.
  • In 2018, the then Lieutenant Governor Satyapal Malik repealed the Act.
  • Later, the High Court also scrapped the Act and directed the authorities to retrieve the land from the occupants.
  • Now, a petition has been filed before the Supreme Court by the beneficiaries claiming they were not even heard by the J&K High Court as it passed the directions.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. Shringla in Nepal to mend ties

Context:

India’s Foreign Secretary is in Kathmandu in a major outreach to Nepal, which has been caught in a bitter boundary dispute with India regarding the Kalapani region.

Read more about the Kalapani dispute.

Details:

  • They reviewed various aspects of Nepal-India relations covering trade, transit, connectivity, infrastructure, energy, agriculture, investment, culture, people to people relations among others.
  • Both sides also discussed multiple plans like the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project as well as the starting of an air travel bubble between Nepal and India.

Read more about Air Transport Bubble Agreement.

G. Tidbits

1. With self-reliance push, China looks to reset ties with world

What’s in News?

China, chastened by the impact of COVID-19, a trade war with the U.S., and a reassessment by many countries of their dependence on Chinese supply-chains, is making an accelerated push to reframe the nature of China’s engagement with the world.

  • Its aim is to essentially make China less reliant on the world and to make the world more reliant on China.
  • “Dual circulation” is the name that Beijing has given this approach favoured by Mr. Xi (China’s President), of boosting the domestic economy (or internal circulation) while recalibrating China’s external relations (the other circulation).
  • In order to safeguard China’s industrial security and national security, the focus must be on building production chains and supply chains that are independently controllable, secure and reliable, and to strive for important products and supply channels to all to have at least one alternative source, he said.

Note:

  • The key difference with India’s own “self-reliant” emphasis is that China is at the same time embracing new trading arrangements such as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), from which India withdrew, and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), the other big regional trading bloc that succeeded the TPP after America’s withdrawal (which Mr. Xi has expressed interest in joining).
  • Trading agreements, in China’s view, will open new markets and help increase trade dependencies on China overseas — China is already the biggest trading partner for many of the RCEP’s members — even while China is moving to erect ever-higher non-tariff barriers for foreign firms, particularly in sensitive sectors — all while positioning itself as a defender of globalisation.

Agreements like the RCEP failing to adequately address this contradiction was one key reason why India ultimately withdrew from the negotiations, receiving no assurances of a level playing field, even as it was asked to open up its economy.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following is the nodal agency to implement price stabilization measures 
under Operation Greens: 
  1. Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)
  2. National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Limited (NAFED)
  3. Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO)
  4. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • NAFED is an agricultural cooperative organisation established with the objective of promoting cooperative marketing of agricultural produce to benefit farmers.
  • It was established in 1958 to promote the trade of agricultural products and forest resources.
  • With its headquarters in New Delhi, it is today one of the largest procurement as well as marketing agencies for agricultural products in India.
  • It is the nodal agency to implement price stabilization measures under Operation Greens.
Q2. Consider the following statements:
  1. India is among the world’s top five honey producers.
  2. Nosema disease is a fungal disease that affects honey bees.
  3. A Beekeeping Development Committee was set up under the Chairmanship of Bibek Debroy for identifying ways of advancing beekeeping in India.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

All the statements are correct.

Q3. Consider the following statements:
  1. The treaty of Sugauli was signed between the British East India Company and the Gurkha rulers of Kathmandu.
  2. It was signed at the end of the Anglo-Nepal War.
  3. Under the treaty, one-third of the Nepalese territory was lost to the British.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The treaty of Sugauli was signed between the British East India Company and the Gurkha rulers of Kathmandu.
  • It was signed at the end of the Anglo-Nepal War.
  • Under the treaty, one-third of the Nepalese territory was lost to the British.
Q4. “Pichvai Paintings” is a traditional art form that has its origin in which of 
these states?
  1. Odisha
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Bihar
  4. Rajasthan
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Pichwai paintings also known as “Pichvai” is a traditional Indian art having its origins in Rajasthan. Pichwai art features intricate paintings portraying Lord Krishna (Sreenath Ji) which is done on fabric using dark rich hues.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Anti-conversion laws barring inter-faith marriages will lead to the path of social regression. Discuss. (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS 1 Social Issues).
  2. India must utilise its large workforce of non-MBBS doctors to improve access to decent health care. Elucidate (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS 2 Health).

Read the previous CNA here.

27 Nov 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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