04 Oct 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Oct 4th, 2021, CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
HISTORY
1. Chola inscriptions on civic officials’ eligibility
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Locked in a stalemate
2. NS2, a win-win proposition?
ECONOMY
1. Reimagining food systems with lessons from India
ETHICS
1. Peace at the heart of education
F. Prelims Facts
1. ₹445 cr. given to discoms to prevent jumbo deaths
G. Tidbits
1. Shringla visits Trincomalee oil tank farm
2. ‘Pandora Papers’ expose top world leaders
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

G. Tidbits

1. Shringla visits Trincomalee oil tank farm

What’s in News?

Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla visited the Second World War-era oil storage facility in the strategically important port district of Trincomalee on Sri Lanka’s east coast.

  • This has been a key bilateral economic partnership link for decades between India and Sri Lanka.
  • The Trincomalee harbour, one of the deepest natural harbours in the world, was developed by the British during the War.
  • Since 2003, the Lanka IOC, the Sri Lankan subsidiary of India’s oil major Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), has the leasing rights to 99 tanks at the facility for a period of 35 years for an annual payment of $100,000.
  • His visit to the site assumes significance as oil sector trade unions in Sri Lanka have demanded that tanks be brought under the control of the state fuel entity Ceylon Petroleum Corporation (CPC).

2. ‘Pandora Papers’ expose top world leaders

What’s in News?

An investigation published by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) media consortium has uncovered offshore assets of heads of state.

Pandora Papers:

  • “Pandora Papers” are based on the leak of 11.9 mn documents from 14 financial services companies.
  • The documents behind the latest investigation are drawn from financial services companies in countries, including the British Virgin Islands, Panama, Belize, Cyprus, the United Arab Emirates, Singapore and Switzerland.
  • Some 35 current and former leaders are featured in the documents analysed by the ICIJ — facing allegations ranging from corruption to money laundering and global tax avoidance.
  • Over 700 Pakistanis, including some Ministers and key members of Prime Minister Imran Khan’s inner circle, were among the individuals whose names were linked with the Papers.
  • The ICIJ found links between almost 1,000 companies in offshore havens. More than two-thirds of the companies were set up in the British Virgin Islands.

Note:

The “Pandora Papers” are the latest in a series of mass ICIJ leaks of financial documents that started with LuxLeaks in 2014, and was followed by the Panama Papers, the Paradise Papers and FinCen.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. The battle of Saraighat was fought in 1671 between
  1. British and Burmese empires
  2. Bakhtiar Khilji and Kamata kingdom
  3. Kukis in the Northeast and the British
  4. Ahoms of Assam and the Mughals
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

The Battle of Saraighat was a naval battle fought in 1671 between the Mughal Empire and the Ahom Kingdom on the Brahmaputra river at Saraighat, Assam.

Q2. Consider the following pairs:

  Tiger Reserve                           State

  1. Indravati                         Chhattisgarh
  2. Valmiki                                 Bihar
  3. Kawal                               Telangana
  4. Mudumalai                    Tamil Nadu

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 4 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Tiger Reserve                           State

  • Indravati                          Chhattisgarh
  • Valmiki                                   Bihar
  • Kawal                                  Telangana
  • Mudumalai                        Tamil Nadu
Q3. Kudavolai during the Chola Rule refers to
  1. Land Revenue System
  2. Administrative Divisions
  3. Military establishment
  4. System to elect members
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Chola inscriptions in Tamil Nadu have a reference to ‘Kudavolai’.
  • Kudavolai refers to a system to elect members to the annual committee, garden committee, tank committee and other committees for 30 wards.
Q4. Consider the following statements:
  1. It is one of the deepest natural harbours in the world, developed by the British during World War II.
  2. It is on the northeastern coast of Sri Lanka.

The above statements best describe:

  1. Oluvil Harbour
  2. Port of Galle
  3. Port of Colombo
  4. Trincomalee Harbour
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Trincomalee Harbour is a seaport in Trincomalee Bay.
  • It is one of the deepest natural harbours in the world, developed by the British during World War II.
  • It is on the northeastern coast of Sri Lanka.
Q5. When a bill is referred to a joint sitting of both the Houses of the Parliament, it 
has to be passed by
  1. A simple majority of members present and voting
  2. Three-fourths majority of members present and voting
  3. Two-thirds majority of the Houses
  4. Absolute majority of the Houses
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

When a bill is referred to a joint sitting of both the Houses of the Parliament, it has to be passed by a simple majority of members present and voting.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. With an alarming escalation in global hunger unfolding, reaching the goal of an equitable livelihood is a necessity. Comment. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS 3, Economy)
  2. India and China need to restore normalcy along the border before cooperation on other issues. Examine. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS 2, International Relations)

Read the previous CNA here.

Oct 4th, 2021, CNA:- Download PDF Here

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