What is the Difference between PDS and TPDS?

The Public Distribution System (PDS) which evolved as a system of management for food and distribution of food grains was relaunched as Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) in June 1997. This programme is controlled by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Government of India. TPDS emphasizes on the implementation and identification of the poor for proper arrangement and delivery of food grains. Therefore, the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) under the Government of India plays the same role as the PDS but adds a special focus on the people below the poverty line.

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What is Targeted PDS?

Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) is jointly operated by Central and State Governments. The Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) came into operation on June 1997 under the Government of India with a focus on the poor. Under the operations of TPDS, the beneficiaries were divided into two categories:

  1. Households Below the poverty line (BPL)
  2. Households Above the poverty line (APL)

Central Government is responsible for

  1. Procurement of food grains
  2. Allocation of food grains
  3. Transportation of food grains to designated depots of Food Corporation of India (FCI).

State Government is responsible for

  1. Allocation and Distribution of foodgrains within the state.
  2. Identification of eligible beneficiaries.
  3. Issuance of ration cards.

Who Introduced the PDS System?

  1. PDS was introduced during the time of World War II. It was before the year 1960 that the distribution through PDS was dependant on imports of food grains.
  2. The Public Distribution System was then expanded in the 1960s for the purpose of food shortages and distribution.
  3. The Food Corporation of India and the Commission of Agricultural Costs and Prices were also set up by the government of India to improve domestic procurement and storage of food grains.
  4. It was during the 1970s when PDS evolved as a universal scheme for the distribution of food.

What is the Use of PDS?

There are several benefits of PDS

  1. It helps in maintaining Food Security of the nation.
  2. It helps in making sure that food is available for the poor at affordable prices.
  3. Maintains buffer stock of food grains which will help during lean season of crop production.


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