28 Oct 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

28 Oct 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. U.S. to support India’s defence of territory
2. U.S. to sell defence systems worth $2.4 billion to Taiwan
3. France boycott call pushes Turkey ‘even further’ from EU
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Now, outsiders can buy land in J&K
C. GS 3 Related
SECURITY
1. India designates 18 persons based in Pak. as terrorists
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India’s outreach to Myanmar
ECONOMY
1. India’s DisCom stress is more than the sum of its past
F. Prelims Facts
1. ‘Vivad se Vishwas: pay by March 31’
2. PM lauds beneficiaries of scheme for street vendors
G. Tidbits
1. Kerala govt. fixes base price for 16 agricultural produce
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. U.S. to sell defence systems worth $2.4 billion to Taiwan

Context:

The U.S. has said that it has approved a $2.4 billion sale of 100 Harpoon coastal defence systems to Taiwan.

  • The announcement came following Beijing’s threat saying that it would sanction U.S. firms involved in earlier arms sales to Taiwan.

Details:

  • The deal involves 100 Harpoon Coastal Defense Systems (HCDS), which includes 400 RGM-84L-4 Harpoon Block II surface-launched missiles.
    • They have a range of around 125 km.
    • They are manufactured by Boeing and can be positioned on fixed platforms or mounted on trucks.
  • Chinese fighter jets and bombers have entered Taiwan’s air defence zone with unprecedented frequency.
  • The Harpoon systems will help improve the security of Taiwan and assist in maintaining political stability, military balance.

One China Policy:

  • The One China policy recognizes the long-held position in Beijing that there is only one China, and that Taiwan is a part of that.
  • According to the One-China policy: Any country wishing to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing must acknowledge there is only “One China” and sever all formal ties with Taiwan.

3. France boycott call pushes Turkey ‘even further’ from EU

Context:

According to the European Commission, Turkey’s President’s support for a boycott of French goods could be a further setback to its already stalled bid to join the EU.

Background:

  • Turkey applied to join the then European Economic Community in 1987.
  • It began formal accession negotiations to the European Union in 2005.
  • However, the talks are effectively seen as stalled since 2016.

Details:

  • The European Commission has warned that an official boycott would breach the terms of Turkey’s relationship with the bloc.
    • The European Commission oversees the EU application process.

Category: POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

1. Now, outsiders can buy land in J&K

Context:

The centre has notified new land laws for the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Details:

  • Under the new J&K Development Act, the Centre has omitted the term “permanent resident of the State”.
    • This paves the way for investors outside J&K to invest in the Union Territory.
    • The Act enables the transfer of land in favour of a person or an institution for the purpose of promotion of healthcare or senior secondary or higher or specialised education in J&K.
  • The notification marks the end of the exclusive rights enjoyed by the local population over land under the now-diluted Article 370.
  • The government intends to encourage industries in J&K and ensure peace, progress and prosperity in the region.
  • Under a new provision, an army officer not below the ranks of Corps Commander can declare an area as “Strategic Area” for operational and training requirements of the armed forces.
  • The introduction of the UT of J&K Reorganisation (Adaptation of Central Laws) Third Order, 2020, by the Ministry of Home Affairs has resulted in the repeal of at least 11 land laws in J&K, including the J&K Big Landed Estates Abolition Act.
    • J&K Big Landed Estates Abolition Act had resulted in the famous ‘land to tiller’ rights.
Note:
  • According to amendments made to the Jammu & Kashmir Land Revenue Act, Samvat, 1996, only agriculturists of J&K can purchase agricultural land.
  • No sale, gift, exchange, or mortgage of the land is valid in favour of a person who is not an agriculturist.
  • No land used for agriculture purposes is allowed to be used for any non-agricultural purposes except with the permission of the district collector.

2. PM lauds beneficiaries of scheme for street vendors

What’s in News?

  • Prime Minister of India interacted with street vendors from Uttar Pradesh who had availed of loans under the PM Street Vendors Atmanirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) via video-conferencing.
  • He said that most of the beneficiaries were repaying their loans on time.

PM SVANidhi:

  • The scheme provides vendors collateral-free working capital loans of ₹10,000.
  • It was announced as a part of the government’s Atmanirbhar Bharat package in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and economic crisis.

Read more about PM Street Vendors Atmanirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi)

G. Tidbits

1. Kerala govt. fixes base price for 16 agricultural produce

What’s in News?

In a first-of-its-kind initiative in India, the Kerala state government has announced the base price for 16 agricultural items, including vegetables, fruits, and tubers.

  • The scheme would come into effect from November 1, 2020.
  • The base price set for 16 agricultural items is 20% above its production cost.
    • If the market price dipped below the base price of a vegetable, the produce would be procured at the base price and the money transferred to farmers’ accounts.
    • The produce would be graded on quality, and subsequently, base prices would be fixed on that basis.
    • Provision has been made to revise the base price regularly.
  • The scheme is designed to protect farmers from adverse price fluctuations.
  • The farmers would have to register on the Agriculture Department’s registration portal after insuring the crop to get the benefit of the base price.
  • The government expects to produce an additional one lakh tonnes of vegetables and tubers in a year.
  • The scheme envisages setting up of supply chain processes such as cold-storage facilities and refrigerated vehicles.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of these EU member countries border Turkey?
  1. Georgia
  2. Greece
  3. Armenia
  4. Bulgaria

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 2 and 4 only
  2. 2 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

Turkey borders two EU member states: Bulgaria and Greece. Greece joined the European Union in 1981. Bulgaria is a member country of the EU since 2007.

Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to the Harpoon Block II missile:
  1. It is an all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile that can be launched from submarines.
  2. The missile was indigenously developed by DRDO.
  3. Its range is around 1000 km.

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1, 2 and 3
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Harpoon Block II missile is an all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile.
  • It can be launched from fixed-wing aircraft, surface ships, submarines and coastal defense batteries.
  • It is developed by Boeing Defense, Space & Security, the U.S.A.
  • It has a range of around 125 km.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to Sittwe Port:
  1. It is a deepwater port constructed by India.
  2. It is situated at the mouth of River Kaladan.
  3. It is located in the Rakhine state in Myanmar.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

All the statements are correct.

Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to IndiGen Program:
  1. It is an initiative of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR).
  2. The programme undertook the whole-genome sequencing of individuals representing diverse ethnic groups from India.
  3. The programme was launched in 2009.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • IndiGen Program is an initiative of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR).
  • The programme undertook the whole-genome sequencing of individuals representing diverse ethnic groups from India.
  • In order to fill the gap of whole-genome sequences from different populations in India, CSIR initiated the IndiGen Program in April 2019.
  • CSIR first sequenced an Indian genome in 2009.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Examine the significance of a robust bilateral relation with Myanmar for India and enumerate the recent initiatives taken to strengthen this bilateral relation. (10 marks, 150 words)(GS Paper 2/International Relations)
  2. Analyze the reasons for the poor performance of the DisComs in India and suggest measures to overcome these shortcomings. (15 marks, 250 words)(GS Paper 3/Economy)

Read the previous CNA here.

28 Oct 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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