UPSC Mains Exam: Battle of Buxar, 1764

General Studies Paper I includes Modern Indian history include the significant events, personalities, and issues during the middle of the eighteenth century until the present. UPSC ask many questions from this portion.  The Battle of Buxar is a significant battle in the India freedom struggle. The Battle was the pivotal battle which was fought between English Forces, and a joint army of the Nawab of Oudh Shah Alam II, Nawab of Bengal, Mir Kasim, and Mughal Emperor. The battle was the result of misuse of Dastak, Farman and also the trade colonialist desire of English.

Battle of Buxar Causes

  • Mir Kasim wanted to be independent and shifted his capital to Munger Fort from Calcutta.
  • He also hired foreign experts to train his army.
  • He treated Indian merchants and English as same.
  • The result of misuse of Dastak, Farman and expansion of trade by English.
  • These factors fuelled the English decided to overthrow him and war broke out between Mir Kasim and the Company in 1763.

Course of Buxar war

  • Mir Qasim fled to Oudh
  • He planned a confederacy with Shuja-ud-daula, the Nawab of Oudh and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II in a final bid to overthrow the English from Bengal.
  • Mir Qasim’s soldiers met the English army troops directed by Major Munro in 1764.
  • Joined armies of Mir Qasim were defeated by the British.
  • Mir Qasim absconded from the battle and the other two surrendered to the English army.
  • The battle of Buxar ended with the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765.

Result of Battle of Buxar

  • Robert Clive was selected the first Governor General of Bengal.
  • He made political settlements with Emperor Shah Alam II and Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh in the Treaty of Allahabad.

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