01 December 2019: PIB Summary & Analysis

Read the daily PIB update and stay up-to-date on current affairs for the UPSC exam.

December 1st, 2019 PIB:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Border Security Force (BSF)
2. Mitra Shakti 2019
3. Controller General of Accounts (CGA)
4. World AIDS Day

Border Security Force (BSF)

Context:

PM greets BSF personnel on BSF’s Raising Day.

About the BSF:

  • BSF is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces in India.
  • This paramilitary force is India’s primary border guarding force.
  • It was established in 1965 in the aftermath of the Info-Pak war.

To know more about the BSF, click here.

Mitra Shakti 2019

Context:

The 7th edition of India-Sri Lanka joint training exercise, Exercise ‘Mitra Shakti 2019’ is scheduled to be conducted at the Foreign Training Node (FTN) in Pune in December 2019.

About Exercise Mitra Shakti:

  • The exercise is aimed at enhancing interoperability and operational efficiency amongst the armies of both India and Sri Lanka when deployed as part of the United Nations peacekeeping forces.
  • The objective of the exercise is to build and promote positive relations between armies of India and Sri Lanka through focus on sub unit-level training on counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations in urban and rural environment under the United Nations mandate.
  • The joint training exercise also signifies the strength of India-Sri Lanka relations in the field of military cooperation and engagement, which is vital for refining the interoperability and operational preparedness.
  • The joint exercise is designed for incorporating the current dynamics of the United Nations peacekeeping operations through practical and comprehensive discussions and tactical exercises.
  • The primary focus of the joint training exercise will remain on field craft, battle drills and procedures as also the ability to operate jointly with seamless interoperability.
  • India and Sri Lanka have collaborated on several counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations over the years. The two sides have a long history of military cooperation.

Controller General of Accounts (CGA)

Context:

Smt. Soma Roy Burman, a 1986-batch Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) Officer, took charge as the new Controller General of Accounts.

About the Controller General of Accounts (CGA):

To read about the functions and mandate of the CGA, click here.

World AIDS Day

Context:

The Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare inaugurated the celebration of the World AIDS Day organised by the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO).

Also Read: AIDS and India: UPSC Notes for GS 1

Details:

  • Speaking at the event, the minister said that during 2018-19 in India, around 79% of people living with HIV knew their HIV status, 82% diagnosed with HIV infection are receiving free antiretroviral therapy and 79% are virally suppressed.
  • The government has taken steps to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of ending the epidemic of AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.
  • The basic target remains that of ‘Three Zeros’:
    • Zero new infections
    • Zero AIDS-related deaths
    • Zero discrimination
  • The event also saw the launch of the NACO Mobile Application, new IEC Material for TI NGOs, Calendar-2020, Comprehensive Module for Private Practitioners on Management of HIV/AIDS.

About the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO):

  • NACO is a division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare that provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme in India through 35 HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Societies.
  • In 1986, following the detection of the first AIDS case in the country, the National AIDS Committee was constituted in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • As the epidemic spread, the need was felt for a nationwide programme and an organization to steer the programme. In 1992 India’s first National AIDS Control Programme (1992-1999) was launched, and National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) was constituted to implement the programme.
  • NACO envisions an India where every person living with HIV has access to quality care and is treated with dignity.
  • Effective prevention, care and support for HIV/AIDS is possible in an environment where human rights are respected and where those infected or affected by HIV/AIDS live a life without stigma and discrimination.
  • NACO is committed to contain the spread of HIV in India by building an all-encompassing response reaching out to diverse populations.

About World AIDS Day:

  • World AIDS Day is being observed every year on 1st December since 1988.
  • The global theme of this year’s World AIDS Day is ‘Communities Make A Difference’.
  • It is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV, and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness.
  • Globally, there are an estimated 36.7 million people who have the virus.
  • Despite the virus only being identified in 1984, more than 35 million people have died of HIV or AIDS, making it one of the most destructive pandemics in history.
  • World AIDS Day is an opportunity to show solidarity with the millions of people living with HIV worldwide.
  • Most people do this by wearing an HIV awareness red ribbon on the day.

December 1st, 2019 PIB:- Download PDF Here

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