29 December 2018: UPSC Exam PIB Summary & Analysis

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Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)

Context:

India submitted its Sixth National Report (NR6) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The report was submitted by the Union Environment Minister, during the inaugural session of the 13th National Meeting of the State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) organized by the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) The Minister also released the document ‘Progress on India’s National Biodiversity Targets: A Preview’ on the occasion.

About:

  • The NR6 provides an update of progress in achievement of 12 National Biodiversity Targets (NBT) developed under the Convention process in line with the 20 global Aichi biodiversity targets.
  • The Report highlights that while India has exceeded/overachieved two NBTs, it is on track to achieve eight NBTs and in respect of the remaining two NBTs also, India is striving to meet the targets by the stipulated time of 2020.     
  • India has exceeded the terrestrial component of 17 percent of Aichi target 11, and 20 percent of corresponding NBT relating to areas under biodiversity management.

Aichi Target:

The ‘Aichi Targets was adopted at the Nagoya conference of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). In the conference of parties (COP-10), the parties agreed to come up with new plans and targets as the previous targets on biodiversity protection were not achieved. The short-term plan which consists of 5 strategic goals and further sub divided into 20 ambitious targets is collectively known as Aichi targets.

  • Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
  • Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
  • Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
  • Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • Strategic Goal E :Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building

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