06 Mar 2018: UPSC Exam PIB Summary & Analysis

Tribal Health Care Research Programme

  • The Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Science has initiated Tribal Health Care Research Programme (THCRP)
  • It has been started in 14 States through 15 Institutes under the Council.

The aim & objectives of THCRP are as under: –

  • To Study the living conditions of tribal people
  • To Collect information related to health statistics
  • To study dietetic habits, nature and frequency of prevalent diseases, use of common medicinal plants in the area
  • To provide medical aid at the door steps of tribals.
  • To propagate knowledge about Ayurvedic concept of Pathyapathya including hygiene habits, dietary practice.
  • To prevent diseases by adopting healthy way of living & clean environment (Swachhata)
  • To collect LHTs/folk medicines/ traditional practices prevalent in the area.


Pradhan MantriKisan SAMPADA Yojana expected to benefit 20 lakh farmers

  • Government is implementing the Central Sector Scheme – PRADHAN MANTRI KISAN SAMPADA YOJANA (PMKSY) with an allocation of Rs. 6,000 crores for the period 2016-20.
  • The scheme is expected to benefit 20 lakh farmers and generate 5,30,500 direct/ indirect employments by the year 2019-20.
  • PM Kisan SAMPADA Yojana is a comprehensive package which will result in creation of modern infrastructure with efficient supply chain management from farm gate to retail outlet. 

The PMKSY has the following schemes:

  • Mega Food Parks (on going)
  • Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure (on going)
  • Creation / Expansion of Food Processing & Preservation Capacities (new)
  • Infrastructure for Agro-processing Clusters (new)
  • Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages (new)
  • Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure (on going)
  • Human Resources and Institutions (on going)


Border Outposts along Borders

  • 1185 Border Out Posts (BOPs) have been sanctioned along the Indo-Bangladesh Border (IBB) with the average inter-BOP distance as per the recommendation of Group of Ministers.
  • A Border Protection Grid (BPG) along the Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh Border has already been set up. 
  • The BPG comprising the State authorities and all other stakeholders will continuously evaluate threats from across the border, observe and analyze crime patterns and other suspicious activities and will formulate an appropriate response mechanism.
  • The Grid will have five layers viz. elements ahead of the border fence, physical border infrastructure, Border Guarding Force, Intelligence Grid and Police.


Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children scheme

  • Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is implementing this project.
  • This scheme will be financed through NIRBHAYA funds during the period 2017-2020.
  • Main aim of the scheme is to set up an online cyber-crime reporting platform to allow public to report complaints of cybercrime including child pornography and facilitate removal of child pornographic content in coordination with concerned ministries.
  • Under the Scheme, 36 Cyber Forensic Training Centres will be established across the country in all States and Union Territories.
  • Besides, 40,500 police officers will be trained all over India.
  • An R & D Centre, being set up, will find and evolve cybercrime prevention technologies.


One Million Solar Study Lamps Scheme

  • Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has been implementing this scheme.
  • The One Million Solar Study Lamps Scheme which was sanctioned in January 2014 for empowering underserved communities of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra has been successfully completed.
  • Following this the Ministry sanctioned 5 lakh solar study lamps in various states in May 2016.
  • A new project for distribution of 70 lakh solar study lamps in the states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand Odisha and Uttar Pradesh which was sanctioned by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) in December 2016, is currently under implementation. 
  • The MNRE also has a separate skill development programme “Surya Mitra” for imparting training in the field of solar energy for installation and repair and maintenance of solar power systems.


Street Lighting National Programme

  • 49 lakh LED street lights have been installed till date, covering 28 states/UTs under the Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP).
  • The Programme which was launched by the Prime Minister, on 5thJanuary 2015, aims to replace 1.34 crore conventional street lights with energy efficient LED lights by March, 2019. 
  • SLNP is being implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture company of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under Ministry of Power.


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