UPSC will publish the Civil Services 2019 notification on 19th February 2019. The UPSC prelims exam is the first step towards making a career in the prestigious Civil Services of India. The Civil Services Exam is a three-stage exam consisting of a preliminary exam, mains exam and interview.
The UPSC Prelims Exam
The prelims is a two – paper exam of qualifying nature. The marks secured in this exam decide whether aspirants can go on to the next stage or not. It is important to prepare well and have a comprehensive understanding of the subjects covered in this exam. In this article, we bring you an analysis of the trends in marks distribution according to various subjects covered in the exam over the past decade.
Syllabus and Structure of Prelims
Prelims papers consist of objective type questions with negative marking for incorrect answers. The structure of the prelims exam is as follows:
|Paper||Total marks||No. of questions||Duration||Type||Negative marks||Nature|
|General Studies Paper 1||200||100||2 hours||Objective||Yes||Qualifying|
|General Studies Paper 2 (CSAT)||200||80||2 hours||Objective||Yes||Qualifying|
The syllabus for UPSC Prelims covers the following subjects:
|General Studies Paper I||General Studies Paper II|
|Current events of national and international importance.||Comprehension|
|History of India and Indian National Movement||Interpersonal skills including communication skills|
|Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic||Logical reasoning and analytical ability|
|Geography of India and the World||Decision making and problem-solving|
|Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political||General mental ability|
|System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.||Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of
Magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation
(charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X
|General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity
and Climate Change – that do not require subject
|Economic and Social Development-Sustainable|
|Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social|
|Sector Initiatives, etc.|
Candidates need to secure at least 33% in the General Studies Paper II and it is compulsory to attempt both the papers to be eligible for evaluation. The candidates who secure at least the minimum cut off marks for General Studies I and qualify in General Studies II are invited to appear in the Mains exam.
The Subject wise weightage for the number of questions in General Studies Ifrom 2011 are as shown below:
|Science & Tech||19||9||14||16||8||8||9||10|
|Current affairs & misc.||13||1||–||8||22||27||15||14|
The following graph shows the trends in each subject from the prelims exam of 2011 till 2018.
As we can see from the above chart, only questions from the subject Environment have shown a somewhat stable trend hovering around 15 to 18 questions most of the years except two dips in 2015 and 2018. The other subjects show wide variations every year.
For example, questions from Polity have ranged from 7 in 2016 to 22 in 2017. That is a wide variation for one year. Similarly, questions directly related to current affairs have ranged from none in 2013 to 27 three years later in 2016. Hence it is very difficult to predict the UPSC prelims weightage for different subjects. This is intentional on the part of UPSC to deter pattern based studying as it is very difficult to deduce the dominating subject for the next exam. Nevertheless, aspirants should practice previous year’s papers to check their preparedness. Also, a balanced study plan is a must to be able to beat the unpredictability of UPSC Prelims Subject wise marks weightage.
For a detailed analysis of questions asked in UPSC Prelims in 2018, you can check out UPSC Prelims 2018 GS Analysis
For study tips, tricks and preparation material on IAS 2019, please check out the following links:
|IAS Exam Related links|
|UPSC exam pattern||UPSC syllabus|
|UPSC age limit||IAS question paper|
|IAS Tablet preparation||UPSC answer key|