The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) uses various instruments of monetary policy to control inflation and deflation. You can read about the Inflation in Economy- Types of Inflation, Inflation Remedies [UPSC Notes] in the given link.
The different instruments of monetary policy used by RBI are Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Bank Rate, Open Market Operations, Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR), Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF), Market Stabilisation Scheme (MSS).
- RBI – Know About Reserve Bank of India, Functions, Composition
- Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) – An Overview, Instruments of Monetary Policy