NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 2 : Nutrition in Animals

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 2 PDF Free Download

NCERT solutions for class 7 science chapter 2 – Nutrition in Animals are important as they will make you learn many new topics which are pivotal in framing your career. These topics need to be understood clearly, and scoring well in exams is also very important. As such, students are advised to solve NCERT questions if they want to get better knowledge and clear the exams with flying colours.

Making use of BYJU’S NCERT solutions which helps the students to get acquainted with chapter 2 (Nutrition in Animals) in a better way.

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 2 – Nutrition in Animals

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NCERT solutions class 7 science chapter 2 part 5

Access Answers of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 2 – Nutrition in Animals

Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) The main steps of nutrition in humans are _________, __________, __________, _________ and __________.

(b) The largest gland in the human body is __________.

(c) The stomach releases hydrochloric acid and ___________ juices which act on food.

(d) The inner wall of the small intestine has many finger-like outgrowths called _________.

(e) Amoeba digests its food in the ____________ .

Solution:

(a) The main steps of nutrition in humans are ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation and egestion.

(b) The largest gland in the human body is Liver.

(c) The stomach releases hydrochloric acid and digestive juices which act on food.

(d) The inner wall of the small intestine has many finger-like outgrowths called villi.

(e) Amoeba digests its food in the food vacuole.

2.Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:

(a) Digestion of starch starts in the stomach. (T/F)

(b) The tongue helps in mixing food with saliva. (T/F)

(c) The gall bladder temporarily stores bile. (T/F)

(d) The ruminants bring back swallowed grass into their mouth and chew it for some time. (T/F)

Solution:

a) F

b) T

c) T

d) T

3. Tick () mark the correct answer in each of the following:

(a) Fat is completely digested in the

(i) stomach (ii) mouth (iii) small intestine (iv) large intestine

(b) Water from the undigested food is absorbed mainly in the

(i) stomach (ii) foodpipe (iii) small intestine (iv) large intestine

Solution:

a) (iii) small intestine

b) (iv) large intestine

4. Match the items of Column I with those given in Column II:

Column- I

Column- II

Food components

Product(s) of digestion

Carbohydrates

Fatty acids and glycerol

Proteins

Sugar

Fats

Amino acids

Solution:

Column- I

Column- II

Food components

Product(s) of digestion

Carbohydrates

Sugar

Proteins

Amino acids

Fats

Fatty acids and glycerol

5. What are villi? What is their location and function?

Solution

Villi are the finger-like projections or outgrowth. They are present in the small intestine of our digestive system.

6. Where is the bile produced? Which component of the food does it help to digest?

Solution:

Bile juice is produced in the liver, and it helps in the digestion of fats by breaking large fat globule into smaller ones.

7. Name the type of carbohydrate that can be digested by ruminants but not by humans. Give the reason also.

Solution:

Cellulose is the carbohydrate that can be digested by ruminants but not by humans because humans lack cellulase enzyme required to digest the cellulose.

8. Why do we get instant energy from glucose?

Solution:

Glucose is a simple sugar which is easily absorbed by the blood whereas other carbohydrates are first broken down into glucose and then absorbed; hence, glucose gives instant energy.

9. Which part of the digestive canal is involved in:

(i) absorption of food ________________.

(ii) chewing of food ________________.

(iii) killing of bacteria ________________.

(iv) complete digestion of food ________________.

(v) formation of faeces ________________.

Solution:

i) Small intestine

ii) Buccal cavity

iii)Stomach

iv) Small intestine

v) Large Intestine

10. Write one similarity and one difference between nutrition in amoeba and human beings.

Solution:

Similarity: Both amoeba and human beings follow the holozoic type of nutrition.

Difference:

Humans intake food through buccal cavity. In amoeba food is ingested through pseudopodia.

11. Match the items of Column I with suitable items in Column II

Column-I

Column-II

a) Salivary gland

(i) Bile juice secretion

b) Stomach

(ii) Storage of undigested food

c) Liver

(iii) Saliva secretion

d) Rectum

(iv) Acid release

e) Small intestine

(v) Digestion is completed

f) Large intestine

(vi) Absorption of water

(vii) Release of faeces

Solution:

Column-I

Column-II

a) Salivary gland

(iii) Saliva secretion

b) Stomach

(iv) Acid release

c) Liver

(i) Bile juice secretion

d) Rectum

(ii) Storage of undigested food

e) Small intestine

(v) Digestion is completed

f) Large intestine

(vi) Absorption of water

12. Label Fig. 2.11 of the digestive system.

Human digestive system

Solution:

Human digestive system

13. Can we survive only on raw, leafy vegetables/grass? Discuss.

Solution:

No, we cannot survive only on raw, leafy vegetables because they mainly consist of Cellulose which cannot be digested by us due to lack of cellulose digesting enzyme in our body.

Important topics covered in NCERT Solution for Class 7 Science Chapter 2– Nutrition in Animals

  1. Ways of food intake
  2. Humans digestion
  3. Digestion in herbivores
  4. Nutrition and digestion in Amoeba

NCERT solutions for class 7 science chapter 2 is available in a PDF format, and students can freely download it from our website, or they can view the PDF on the website. They can later use the PDF as a study material. Students can check out some of the questions below.

Class 7 Science NCERT Solutions – Nutrition in Animals

The NCERT solutions that are given here are framed to help students learn and practice questions related to animal nutrition. Besides, this chapter introduces students to important topics like nutrition and digestion in human and animals as well as in simple organisms, process of nutrition, digestive system, etc. The class 7 science NCERT solutions for Nutrition in Animals also contains different examples and solved exercises that students can go through and use them to prepare for exams.

Frequently Asked Questions on Nutrition in Animals

Define villi?

The inner wall of the small intestine has many finger-like outgrowths called villi.

Where is the bile produced?

Bile juice is produced in the liver, and it helps in the digestion of fats by breaking large fat globule into smaller ones.

Why do we get instant energy from glucose?

Glucose is a simple sugar which is easily absorbed by the blood whereas other carbohydrates are first broken down into glucose and then absorbed; hence, glucose gives instant energy.

Can we survive only on raw, leafy vegetables/grass?

No, we cannot survive only on raw, leafy vegetables because they mainly consist of Cellulose which cannot be digested by us due to lack of cellulose digesting enzyme in our body.

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