# NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 10.4 Chapter 10 Circles

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 10 â€“ Circles Exercise 10.4 is available here in PDF format, which students can download easily. These problems have been solved by our Maths experts, taking into consideration studentâ€™s understanding level. All the solutions for 9th Maths subject are in accordance with NCERT syllabus and guidelines and are helpful for the students to score good marks.

### Access Other Exercise Solutions of Class 9 Maths Chapter 10- Circles

Exercise 10.1 Solutions 2 Question (2 Short)
Exercise 10.2 Solutions 2 Question (2 long)
Exercise 10.3 Solutions 3 Question (3 long)
Exercise 10.5 Solutions 12 Questions (12 long)
Exercise 10.6 Solutions 10 Questions (10 long)

### Access Answers to NCERT Class 9 Maths Chapter 10 â€“ Circles Exercise 10.4

1. Two circles of radii 5 cm and 3 cm intersect at two points and the distance between their centres is 4 cm. Find the length of the common chord.

Solution:

The perpendicular bisector of the common chord passes through the centres of both circles.

As the circles intersect at two points, we can construct the above figure.

Consider AB as the common chord and O and Oâ€™ as the centers of the circles

Oâ€™A = 5 cm

OA = 3 cm

OOâ€™ = 4 cm [Distance between centres is 4 cm]

As the radius of bigger circle is more than the distance between two centers, we know that the center of the smaller circle lies inside the bigger circle

The perpendicular bisector of AB is OOâ€™

OA = OB = 3 cm

As O is the midpoint of AB

AB = 3 cm + 3 cm = 6 cm

Length of common chord is 6 cm

It is clear that common chord is the diameter of the smaller circle

2. If two equal chords of a circle intersect within the circle, prove that the segments of one chord are equal to corresponding segments of the other chord.

Solution:

Let AB and CD be two equal cords (i.e. AB = CD). In the above question, it is given that AB and CD intersect at a point, say, E.

It is now to be proven that the line segments AE = DE and CE = BE

Construction Steps:

Step 1: From the center of the circle, draw a perpendicular to AB i.e. OM âŠ¥ AB

Step 2: Similarly, draw ON âŠ¥ CD.

Step 3: Join OE.

Now, the diagram is as follows-

Proof:

From the diagram, it is seen that OM bisects AB and so, OM âŠ¥ AB

Similarly, ON bisects CD and so, ON âŠ¥ CD

It is known that AB = CD. So,

AM = ND â€” (i)

and MB = CN â€” (ii)

Now, triangles Î”OME and Î”ONE are similar by RHS congruency since

âˆ OME = âˆ ONE (They are perpendiculars)

OE = OE (It is the common side)

OM = ON (AB and CD are equal and so, they are equidistant from the centre)

âˆ´ Î”OME â‰…Â Î”ONE

ME = EN (by CPCT) â€” (iii)

Now, from equations (i) and (ii) we get,

AM+ME = ND+EN

So, AE = ED

Now from equations (ii) and (iii) we get,

MB-ME = CN-EN

So, EB = CE (Hence proved).

3. If two equal chords of a circle intersect within the circle, prove that the line joining the point of intersection to the centre makes equal angles with the chords.

Solution:

From the question we know the following:

(i) AB and CD are 2 chords which are intersecting at point E.

(ii) PQ is the diameter of the circle.

(iii) AB = CD.

Now, we will have to prove that âˆ BEQ = âˆ CEQ

For this, the following construction has to be done:

Construction:

Draw two perpendiculars are drawn as OM âŠ¥ AB and ON âŠ¥ D. Now, join OE. The constructed diagram will look as follows:

Now, consider the triangles Î”OEM and Î”OEN.

Here,

(i) OM = ON [Since the equal chords are always equidistant from the centre]

(ii) OE = OE [It is the common side]

(iii) âˆ OME = âˆ ONE [These are the perpendiculars]

So, by RHS congruency criterion, Î”OEM â‰…Â Î”OEN.

Hence, by CPCT rule, âˆ MEO = âˆ NEO

âˆ´ âˆ BEQ = âˆ CEQ (Hence proved).

4. If a line intersects two concentric circles (circles with the same centre) with centre O at A, B, C and D, prove that AB = CD (see Fig. 10.25).

Solution:

The given image is as follows:

First, draw a line segment from O to AD such that OM âŠ¥ AD.

So, now OM is bisecting AD since OM âŠ¥ AD.

Therefore, AM = MD â€” (i)

Also, since OM âŠ¥ BC, OM bisects BC.

Therefore, BM = MC â€” (ii)

From equation (i) and equation (ii),

AM-BM = MD-MC

âˆ´ AB = CD

5. Three girls Reshma, Salma and Mandip are playing a game by standing on a circle of radius 5m drawn in a park. Reshma throws a ball to Salma, Salma to Mandip, Mandip to Reshma. If the distance between Reshma and Salma and between Salma and Mandip is 6m each, what is the distance between Reshma and Mandip?

Solution:

Let the positions of Reshma, Salma and Mandip be represented as A, B and C respectively.

From the question, we know that AB = BC = 6cm.

So, the radius of the circle i.e. OA = 5cm

Now, draw a perpendicular BM âŠ¥ AC.

Since AB = BC, ABC can be considered as an isosceles triangle. M is mid-point of AC. BM is the perpendicular bisector of AC and thus it passes through the centre of the circle.

Now,

let AM = y and

OM = x

So, BM will be = (5-x).

By applying Pythagorean theorem in Î”OAM we get,

OA2 = OM2 +AM2

â‡’ 52 = x2 +y2 â€” (i)

Again, by applying Pythagorean theorem in Î”AMB,

AB2 = BM2 +AM2

â‡’ 62 = (5-x)2+y2 â€” (ii)

Subtracting equation (i) from equation (ii), we get

36-25 = (5-x)2 +y2Â -x2-y2

Now, solving this equation we get the value of x as

x = 7/5

Substituting the value of x in equation (i), we get

y2 +(49/25) = 25

â‡’ y2 = 25 â€“ (49/25)

Solving it we get the value of y as

y = 24/5

Thus,

AC = 2Ã—AM

= 2Ã—y

= 2Ã—(24/5) m

AC = 9.6 m

So, the distance between Reshma and Mandip is 9.6 m.

6. A circular park of radius 20m is situated in a colony. Three boys Ankur, Syed and David are sitting at equal distance on its boundary each having a toy telephone in his hands to talk each other. Find the length of the string of each phone.

Solution:

First, draw a diagram according to the given statements. The diagram will look as follows.

Here the positions of Ankur, Syed and David are represented as A, B and C respectively. Since they are sitting at equal distances, the triangle ABC will form an equilateral triangle.

AD âŠ¥ BC is drawn. Now, AD is median of Î”ABC and it passes through the centre O.

Also, O is the centroid of the Î”ABC. OA is the radius of the triangle.

OA = 2/3 AD

Let the side of a triangle a metres then BD = a/2 m.

Applying Pythagoras theorem in Î”ABD,

â‡’ AD2 = AB2 -BD2

â‡’ AD2 = a2 -(a/2)2

â‡’ AD2 = 3a2/4

â‡’ AD = âˆš3a/2

OA = 2/3 AD

20 m = 2/3 Ã— âˆš3a/2

a = 20âˆš3 m

So, the length of the string of the toy is 20âˆš3 m.

This exercise has six questions based on the topic- Equal Chords and Their Distances from the Centre. There are two theorems mentioned based on it;
Theorem 1: Equal chords of a circle are equidistant from the centre.
Theorem 2: Chords equidistant from the centre of a circle are equal in length. For all exercise questions for Class 9 Maths, Chapter 10, reach us at BYJUâ€™S. Solve previous year questions papers along with solutions, to get an idea of question pattern. You can also get here, notes and books along with tips and tricks of learning for the 9th standard syllabus of Maths and Science. The questions in Exercise 10.4 have long answers with construction and proofs. NCERT solutions provide answers to all the problems of Maths and Science subject for all the classes.