Flashcards For NEET Biology - Structural Organisation in Animals

Flashcards for NEET Biology are designed to boost your NEET preparation. Find below flashcards for Structural Organisation in Animals. These flashcards on Structural Organisation in Animals are prepared as per the NEET syllabus. This is helpful for aspirants of NEET and other exams during last-minute revision. Flashcards For NEET Biology – Structural Organisation in Animals, covers all the important points that are frequently asked in the exam. Check BYJU’S for the full set of Flashcards and Study material for NEET Biology. Solve NEET Biology MCQs to check your understanding and outperform in the exam.

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Name of the NEET sub-section

Topic

Flashcards helpful for

Biology

Structural Organisation in Animals

NEET exams

Structural Organisation in Animals

Simple squamous epithelium Function- Diffusion, filtration, osmosis

Found in- Walls of blood and lymph vessels and air sacs of lungs

Simple cuboidal epithelium Function- Secretion and absorption

Found in- Tubules in the nephrons and glandular ducts, surface of ovaries

Simple columnar epithelium Function- Secretion, protection and absorption

Found in- Uterus, stomach and intestinal lining

Ciliated epithelium Columnar or cuboidal cells having cilia

Function- Directional movement of mucus or particles

Found in- Inner surface of bronchioles and fallopian tubes

Unicellular glandular epithelium Goblet cells
Multicellular glandular epithelium Salivary glands
Compound epithelium Function- Protection against mechanical and chemical stress

Found in- Dry surface of the skin, the moist surface of the buccal cavity, inner linings of pancreatic and salivary ducts

Pseudostratified columnar epithelium Function- Protection, movement of mucus and cells

Found in- Respiratory passage and reproductive tract lining

Stratified squamous epithelium Function- Protection

Found in- Outer skin surface, the inner lining of the buccal cavity, vagina and anal canal

Stratified cuboidal epithelium Function- Protection and secretion

Found in- Male urethra and pharynx

Transitional epithelium Function- Protection and distensibility

Found in- Inner lining of the urinary bladder and urinary tract

Fibres secreted by cells of connective tissue Collagen

Elastic (elastin)

Reticular (collagen and glycoproteins)

Loose connective tissue Adipose tissue- store fats

Areolar tissue- contains fibroblast, macrophages and mast cells

Reticular tissue- supports the internal framework of liver, spleen, lymph nodes

Dense regular tissue Tendons- join bones to muscles

Ligaments- join two bones

Dense irregular tissue Dermis of the skin
Smooth muscle Fusiform, non-striated and involuntary

Found in- internal organs, stomach, intestine, blood vessels

Skeletal muscle Striated, voluntary, bundled together, parallel
Cardiac muscle Striated, involuntary, intercalated discs present at fusion points.
Peristomium 1st segment of the body of an earthworm
Clitellum Segment 14-16 of earthworm, covered with glandular tissue and forms cocoon
Sense organs of earthworm Gustatory and olfactory- buccal receptors

Photoreceptors- present on the dorsal skin surface, no eyes

Tangoreceptors (sense of touch)- epidermal receptors

Alimentary canal of earthworm Buccal chamber- 1 to 3

Pharynx- 4 to 5, contains Chromophil cells in pharyngeal glands

Oesophagus- 6 to 7

Gizzard- 8

Stomach- 9 to 13/14, contains calciferous glands

Intestine- 15 to last

Spermatheca Four pairs- 6 to 9 segments

store sperms during copulation

Reproductive system of earthworm Hermaphrodite, protandrous and cross-fertilisation

Testes- 2 pairs (10-11)

Ovaries- 1 pair at segment 13

Sense organs in cockroach Auditory receptors- anal cerci

Photoreceptors- simple and compound eyes

Thigmoreceptors- antennae

Chemoreceptors- maxillary and labial palps, labium and hypopharynx

Mouth parts of cockroach Mandibulate- biting and chewing type

labrum- upper lip

labium- lower lip

maxillae- one pair, resemble a leg

mandibles- one pair

hypopharynx- tongue

Cockroach digestive system Foregut (stomodaeum)- buccal chamber, pharynx, oesophagus, crop and gizzard

Midgut (mesenteron)

Hindgut (proctodaeum)- ileum, colon, rectum

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