Flashcards for NEET Biology are designed to boost your NEET preparation. Find below flashcards for Biomolecules. These flashcards on Biomolecules are prepared as per the NEET syllabus. This is helpful for aspirants of NEET and other exams during last-minute revision. Flashcards For NEET Biology – Biomolecules, covers all the important points that are frequently asked in the exam. Check BYJU’S for the full set of Flashcards and Study material for NEET Biology. Solve NEET Biology MCQs to check your understanding and outperform in the exam.
|Name of the NEET sub-section||
|Flashcards helpful for|
|Amino acids||Acidic- Glu, Asp
Basic- Lys, Arg, His
Aromatic- Tyr, Trp, Phe
|Saturated fatty acids||Palmitic acid (16 C)
Stearic acid (18 C)
|Unsaturated fatty acids||Oleic acid (18:1)
Linoleic acid (18:2)
𝛼-Linolenic acid (18:3)
Arachidonic acid (20:4)
|Phospholipids||Diglycerides and a phosphate group attached to the third hydroxyl of glycerol.
|Proteins||Heteropolymer of 20 amino acids, linked by peptide bonds
|Nitrogenous base||Purine base- Adenine, Guanine
Pyrimidine base- Thymine (DNA), Cytosine, Uracil (RNA)
|Nucleosides||Nitrogenous base + sugar
Ribose sugar in RNA
Deoxyribose sugar in DNA
Examples: Adenosine, guanosine, thymidine, cytidine, uridine
|Nucleotides||Nitrogenous base + sugar + phosphate
Adenylic acid, cytidylic acid, etc.
|DNA and RNA||Nucleotides linked with 3’-5’ phosphodiester linkage|
|The most abundant protein||RuBisCO- Ribulose bisphosphate Carboxylase-Oxygenase|
|The most abundant protein in animals||Collagen|
|Starch||Polymer of glucose linked by 𝛼-1,4-glycosidic bond
Amylose and amylopectin
|Glycogen||Highly branched glucose polymer|
|Cellulose||Linear polymer of glucose linked by β-1,4-glycosidic bonds.|
|Inulin||Polymer of fructose|
|Chitin||Polymer of N-acetylglucosamine|
|Competitive inhibitor||Inhibitor binds to enzyme due to structural similarity with the substrate
E.g. Malonate inhibits succinic dehydrogenase. Here substrate is succinate.
|Hydrolases||Facilitate hydrolysis of bonds such as glycosidic, peptide, ester, ether, etc.
E.g. amylase, lipase, nuclease, protease
|Cofactors||Non-protein part required for enzyme activity
Apoenzyme- Protein part of the enzyme
|Prosthetic group||Tightly bound to apoenzyme
E.g. haem group present in catalase, peroxidase
|Coenzymes||Bind to apoenzyme transiently
E.g. NAD, NADP
|Metal ions as a cofactor||Zn in carboxypeptidase|
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