Arabidopsis thaliana is known as Drosophila of the Plant kingdom. It is a small angiosperm, a dicot weed. Due to its small size, less number of chromosomes, faster growth and self-fertilization, it is used as a model organism for research in plant biology, genetics and molecular biology.
Many mutant varieties have also been identified.
It is the first plant, whose whole genome was sequenced. It is small in size around 20-25 cm tall. It belongs to the mustard family. Let’s know more about Arabidopsis thaliana key facts.
Key Facts About Arabidopsis thaliana
- Common name – Mouse-ear cress or thale cress
- Classification –
Kingdom – Plantae
Subkingdom – Tracheobionta
Superdivision – Spermatophyta
Division – Magnoliophyta
Class – Magnoliopsida
Subclass – Dilleniidae
Order – Capparales
Family – Brassicaceae – Mustard family
- Number of Chromosomes – It contains 5 pairs of chromosomes (n = 5). The genome consists of ~ 135 Mbp of DNA, which is similar to Drosophila.
- Number of genes in Arabidopsis thaliana – The genome codes for ~27000 genes, which code for around 35000 proteins.
- Life Cycle – 6 to 8 weeks
- It is also easier to make transgenic plants by using Agrobacterium tumefaciens as a vector.
Explore more interesting and important concepts related to NEET, only at BYJU’S.