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**Question 1.** The value of

\(\lim_{x\rightarrow 2}\int_{2}^{x}\frac{3t^2}{x-2}dt\)

is- a. 10
- b. 12
- c. 8
- d. 16

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**\(\lim_{x\rightarrow 2}\int_{2}^{x}\frac{3t^2}{x-2}\)\(\lim_{x\rightarrow 2}\frac{\int_{2}^{x}3t^2dt}{x-2}\)Which is 0/0 form

Applying L’ hospital rule

=

\(\lim_{x\rightarrow 2}\frac{3x^2-3(2)^2 \times 0}{1}\){In numerator we will use Newton Leibnitz’s theorem}

= 3 x 4 = 12

**Question 2.** If cot (2x/3) + tan(x/3) = cosec (kx/3) then the value of k is

- a. 1
- b. 2
- c. 3
- d. –1

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**

**Question 3.** If θ ∈ (π/2, 3 π/2), then the value of

- a. -2cotθ
- b. 2cotθ
- c. 2cosθ
- d. 2sinθ

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**{i.e. in II

^{nd}&III^{rd}Quadrant where cos θ is negative.}Therefore, |2cos θ| = –2cos θ}

= –2cos θ + 2cot θ + 2cos θ

= 2cot θ

**Question 4.** The number of real solutions of the equation (sin x – x) (cos x – x^{2}) = 0 is

- a. 1
- b. 2
- c. 3
- d. 4

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**(sin x – x) (cos x – x

^{2}) = 0i.e. sin x = x OR cos x = x

^{2}Now let’s use graphs to get their solutions.

Therefore, we have total 3 solutions.

**Question 5.** Which of the following is not always true?

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**Let’s check for all the options:

**Question 6:** If the four points with position vectors

\(-2 \hat i + \hat j + \hat k, \hat i + \hat j + \hat k, \hat j - \hat k \; and \; \lambda \hat j + \hat k\)

are coplanar, then λ =- a. 1
- b. 2
- c. –1
- d. 0

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**If four points A(-2, 1, 1), B(1,1,1), C(0, 1, –1) & D(0, λ, 1) are coplanar or lies in the same plane then vectors determined by them will also be coplanar.

Consider,

Now applying the condition of co-planarity of three vectors

i.e. their scalar triple product equals zero.

Therefore,

\(\begin{vmatrix} 3 & 0 &0 \\ 2 & 0 &-2 \\ 2 & \lambda - 1 &0 \end{vmatrix}=0\){Expanding above determinant along R

_{1}}3(0 + 2(λ–1)) + 0 + 0 = 0

Or 6(λ–1) = 0

Or λ = 1

**Question 7**. For all real values of a_{0}, a_{1}, a_{2}, a_{3} satisfying a_{0} + a_{1}/2, a_{2}/3, a_{3}/4 = 0, the equation a_{0} + a_{1}x + a_{2}x^{2} + a_{3}x^{3} = 0 has a real root in the interval

- a. [0, 1]
- b. [–1, 0]
- c. [1, 2]
- d. [–2, –1]

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**Here we are talking about roots of an equation function in some interval so think about Rolle’s theorem.

Now, let f(x) = a

_{0}x + a_{1}x^{2}/2 + a_{2}x^{3}/3 + a_{3}x^{4}/4 + c(i) f(0) = c

f(1) = a

_{0}+ a_{1}/2, a_{2}/3, a_{3}/4 + c = cAs, a

_{0}+ a_{1}/2, a_{2}/3, a_{3}/4 = 0 (given)f(0) = f(1)

(ii) Also, f(x) is a polynomial so continuous and differential everywhere.

Therefore, By Rolle’s theorem f’(x) i.e. a

_{0}+ a_{1}x + a_{2}x^{2}+ a_{3}x^{2}Will have at least one real root in [0,1]

**Question 8**. Let f: R -> R be defined as

Then which of the following is true?

- a. f is discontinuous for all x
- b. f is continuous for all x
- c. f is discontinuous at x = k π, where k is an integer
- d. f is continuous at x = k π, where k is an integer

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**We know on the real line ’x’ takes rational and irrational values in the very close neighbourhood.

Therefore, the values of given function f(x) will oscillate to ‘0’ or sin|x|, corresponding to irrational and rational values of ‘x’ and so will be discontinuous at infinite points.

The f(x) will be continuous at points where y = 0 & y = sin|x| meets (or equal)

i.e. sin|x| = 0

⇒ x = k π, k ∈ I

**Question 9.** If f: [0, π/2]-> R is defined as

\(f(\theta) = \begin{vmatrix} 1 & tan \; \theta &1 \\ -tan \; \theta & 1 & tan \; \theta\\ -1 & -tan \; \theta & 1 \end{vmatrix}\)

. Then the range of f is- a. (2, ∞)
- b. (–∞, –2)
- c. (2, ∞)
- d. (– ∞, 2]

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**Expanding given determinant along R

_{1}, we have= 1(1+ tan

^{2}θ) – tanθ(- tanθ + tanθ) + 1 (tan^{2}θ + 1)= 2sec

^{2}θNow, for θ ∈ [0, π/2]

⇒ sec

^{2}θ ∈ [1, ∞)⇒ 2 sec

^{2}θ ∈ [2, ∞)i.e. Range of f(θ) -> [2, ∞)

**Question 10.** If A and B are two matrices such that AB = B and BA = A, then A^{2} + B^{2} equals

- a. 2AB
- b. 2BA
- c. A+B
- d. AB

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**A

^{2}+ B^{2}= A. A + B. B= A. (BA) + B(AB)

{Given AB = B & BA = A}

= (AB) A + (BA) B

=B. A + AB

= A + B

**Question 11.** If ω is an imaginary cube root of unity, then the value of the determinant

is

- a. -2 ω
- b. -3 ω
^{2} - c. -1
- d. 0

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**Applying operations: C

_{1}-> C_{1}+ C_{2}, C_{2}-> C_{2}– C_{3}Expanding along R

_{3}= 0 + 0 + (ω–1) (ω

^{2}–ω)= ω

^{3}– ω^{2}– ω^{2}+ ω= 1–2ω

^{2}+ ω= (1+ω) - 2 ω^2

{Because, 1 + ω + ω

^{2}= 0, 1 + ω = – ω^{2}}= –3ω

^{2}

**Question 12.** Let a, b, c, d be any four real numbers. Then a^{n} + b^{n} = c^{n} + d^{n} holds for any natural number n if

- a.a + b = c + d
- b.a – b = c – d
- c.a + b = c + d, a
^{2}+ b^{2}= c^{2}+ d^{2} - d.a – b = c – d, a
^{2}– b^{2}= c^{2}– d^{2}

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**a, b, c, d ∈ R

a

^{n}+ b^{n}= c^{n}+ d^{n}for all n ∈ NFor n = 1, a +b = c + d …..(i)

n = 2, a

^{2}+ b^{2}= c^{2}+ d^{2}…..(ii)n = 3, a

^{3}+ b^{3}= c^{3}+ d^{3}…..(iii)⇒ (a + b) (a

^{2}+ b^{2}– ab) = (c + d) (c^{2}+ d^{2}– cd)⇒ a

^{2}+ b^{2}– ab = c^{2}+ d^{2}– cd (using (i) & (ii))⇒ ab = cd …..(iv)

Now consider a quadratic equation with roots a

^{3}& b^{3}x

^{2}– (a^{3}+ b^{3}) x + a^{2}b^{3}= 0 …..(v)Similarly, equation with roots c3 & d3 will be

x

^{2}– (c^{3}+ d^{3}) x + c^{3}d^{3}= 0 …..(vi)both equation (v) & (vi) are same with four roots a

^{3}, b^{3}, c^{3}, d^{3}which is not possible since a quadratic equation cannot have more than two roots.Therefore, it is possible only when a = c & b = d OR a = d & b = c.

**Question 13.** If α, β are the roots of x^{2} – px + 1 = 0 and γ is root of x^{2} + px + 1 = 0, then (α + γ) (β + γ) is

- a. 0 (zero)
- b. 1
- c. –1
- d. p

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**α, β all roots of x

^{2}– px + 1 = 0 ….(i)If we replace x by –x

(i) becomes x

^{2}+ px + 1 = 0 …..(ii)This implies, (ii) will have roots –α and -β

(transformation of equations)

But we are given root of (ii) γ

Therefore, Either γ = – α or – β

So, (α + γ) (β + γ) = 0

**Question 14.** Number of irrational terms in the binomial expansion of (3^{1/2} + 7^{1/3})^{100} is

- a. 90
- b. 88
- c. 93
- d. 95

Solution:

**Answer: (G)**(31/5 + 71/3)100

Writing general term of given binomial

i.e. T

_{r+1}=^{100}C_{r}(3^{1/5})^{100–r}(7^{1/3})^{r}Now the term will be rational when exponents of 3 and 7 both become a whole number

i.e. (100-r)/5 & r/3

r = 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 & 90 (7 rational terms)

Since total no. of terms are 101.

Therefore, No. of irrational terms = 101–7 = 94.

**Question 15.** The quadratic expression (2x + 1)^{2} – px + q ≠ 0 for any real x if

- a. p
^{2}– 16p – 8q < 0 - b. p
^{2}– 8p + 16q < 0 - c. p
^{2}– 8p – 16q < 0 - d. p
^{2}– 16p + 8q < 0

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**(2x + 1)

^{2}– px + q ≠ 0or 4x

^{2}+ (4–p) x + 1 + q ≠ 0 for any real ’x’⇒ Equation, 4x

^{2}+ (4–p) x +1 + q = 0 has no real rootsTherefore, D < 0

(4 – p)

^{2}– 4. 4 (1 + q) < 0⇒ 16 + p

^{2}– 8p – 16 – 19q < 0⇒ p

^{2}– 8p – 16q < 0

**Question 16.** The value of

- a. 0 (zero)
- b. –1
- c. 1
- d. i

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**= ω + 1/ω

= ω + ω

^{2}= -1{As, ω

^{3}= 1, ω^{3}= 1/ω, 1 + ω + ω^{2}= 0, ω + ω^{2}= -1}

**Question 17.** Find the maximum value of |z| when |z - 3/2| = 2, z being a complex number.

- a. 1 + √3
- b. 3
- c. 1 + √2
- d. 1

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**Given, |z - 3/2| = 2

From triangle inequality

From right inequality

|z| – 3/|z| ≤ 2

⇒ |z|

^{2}– 2|z| – 3 ≤ 0⇒ (|z| – 3)(|z| + 1) ≤ 0

⇒ –1 ≤ |z| ≤ 3

⇒ |z|

_{max}= 3

**Question 18.** Given that x is a real number satisfying [5x^{2} – 26x + 5]/[3x^{2} – 10x + 3] < 0, then

- a. x < 1/5
- b. 1/5 < x < 3
- c. x > 5
- d. 1/5 < x < 1/3 or 3 < x < 5

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**

**Question 19.** The least positive value of t so that the lines x = t + α, y + 16 = 0 and y = αx are concurrent is

- a. 2
- b. 4
- c. 16
- d. 8

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**y = –16 ...(i)

y = αx ...(ii)

x = t + α ...(iii)

From (i) and (ii)

x = -16/α, now put in (iii)

-16/α = t + α

t = -(α + 16/α)

Now, α + 16/α ≥ -8 for α > 0 and α + 16/α ≤ –8 for α < 0 {using A.M. ≥ G.M.}

t = -(α + 16/α) ≤ -8; α > 0

t = -(α + 16/α) ≥ 8; α < 0

Therefore, least positive value of ‘t’ is 8

Note: You can also use concept of maxima & minima.

**Question 20.** If in a triangle, ΔABC, a^{2} cos^{2} A – b^{2} – C^{2} = 0, then

- a. π/4 < A <π/2
- b. π/2 < A <π
- c. A = π/2
- d. A <π/2

Solution:

a**Answer: (b)**^{2}cos^{2}A – b^{2}– C^{2}= 0 (given) cos^{2}A = (b^{2}+ c^{2})/a^{2}< 1{cos A ≤ 1 but A ≠0,so, cos A < 1 }

Now from cosine rule

cos A = (b^{2}+ c^{2}- a^{2})/ 2bc < 0{Because, b

^{2}+ c^{2}< a^{2}}So, cos A < 0

A ∈ (π/2, π)

**Question 21. **

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**For x ∈ [0, 3π/2]

From above graph

|cos x| ≥ sin x

For x ∈ [0, π/4] U [3π/4, 3π/2]

**Question 22.** A particle starts moving from rest from a fixed point in a fixed direction. The distance s from the fixed point at a time t is given by x = t^{2} + at – b + 17, where a, b are real numbers. If the particle comes to rest after 5 sec at a distance of s = 5 units from the fixed point, then values of a and b are respectively

- a. 10, –33
- b. –10, –33
- c. –8, 33
- d. –10, 33

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**s = t

^{2}+ at – b + 17v = ds/dt|

_{t=5}= 2t +a|_{t=5}= 010 + a = 0

a = – 10

Also, at t = 5, s = 25

Therefore, 25 = 5

^{2}+ 5(–10) – b + 17or b = –33

**Question 23.**

- a. 1/2
- b. 1/3
- c. 2/3
- d. 0 (zero)

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**

**Question 24.** If

then the values of a, b are respectively

- a. 2, 2
- b. 1, 2
- c. 2, 1
- d. 2, 0

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**For above limit to be defined coefficient of x i.e. a- b must be zero

⇒ a = b

Again, the value of limit will be the coefficient of x

^{2}i.e. a + b/2 = 3

⇒ a + a/2 = 3

⇒ a = 2 = b

**Question 25.** Let P(x) be a polynomial, which when divided by x – 3 and x – 5 leaves remainders 10 and 6 respectively. If the polynomial is divided by (x – 3) (x – 5) then the remainder is

- a. –2x + 16
- b. 16
- c. 2x – 16
- d. 60

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**P(x) = (x–3) Q

_{1}(x) + 10⇒ P(3) = 10

P(x) = (x–5) Q

_{2}(x) + 6⇒ P(5) = 6

P(x) = (x–3) (x–5) Q

_{3}(x) + ax + bPut x = 3 & 5

P(3) = 0 + 3a + b = 10

P(5) = 0 + 5a + b = 6

Solving above equations

a = –2 & b = 16

Remainder = –2x + 16

**Question 26.** The integrating factor of the differential equation dy/dx + (3x^{2} tan^{-1}y – x^{3})(1 + y^{2}) = 0 is

- a. e
^{x^2} - b. e
^{x^3} - c. e
^{3x^2} - d. e
^{3x^3}

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**dy/dx + (3x

^{2}tan^{-1}y – x^{3})(1 + y^{2}) = 0Now, put tan

^{–1}y = zDifferentiate with respect to x

(1/(1+y

^{2})dy/dx = dz/dxTherefore, dz/dx + z. 3x

^{2}= x^{3}P(x) = 3x

^{2}; Q(x) = x^{3}

**Question 27.** If y = e^{–x}cos2x then which of the following differential equations is satisfied?

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**y = e

^{–x}. cos2x⇒ y

_{1}= e^{–x}(–1) cos2x + e^{–x}(–sin2x) (2)⇒ y

_{1}= –y – 2e^{–x}sin2x⇒ y

_{2}= –y_{1}– 2(–e^{–x}sin2x + e^{–x}cos2x. 2)y

_{2}= –y_{1}+ 2e^{–x}sin2x – 4e^{–x}cos2xy

_{2}= – y_{1}+ (–y–y_{1}) – 4yy

_{2}+ 2y_{1}+ 5y = 0

**Question 28.** In a certain town, 60% of the families own a car, 30% own a house and 20% own both a car and a house. If a family is randomly chosen, what is the probability that this family owns a car or a house but not both?

- a. 0.5
- b. 0.7
- c. 0.1
- d. 0.9

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**A -> Car, B -> House

n(A) = 60%, n(B) = 30%, n(A n B) = 20%

No. of families which owns car or house but not both

= n(A U B) –n(A n B)

= n(A) + n(B) – n(A n B) –n(A U B)

= 70 + 30 – 2 × 20 = 50%

So, Probability = 50/100 = 0.5

**Question 29.** The letters of the word COCHIN are permuted and all the permutations are arranged in alphabetical order as in English dictionary. The number of words that appear before the word COCHIN is

- a. 360
- b. 192
- c. 96
- d. 48

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**Rank of COCHIN = 4! + 4! + 4! + 4! + 1

= 4 × 4! + 1 = 97

No. of words before COCHIN = 97–1 = 96

**Question 30.** Let f : R -> R a continuous function which satisfies

\(f(x) = \int_{0}^{x} f(t)dt\)

. Then the value of f(log- a. 0 (zero)
- b. 2
- c. 5
- d. 3

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**\(f(x) = \int_{0}^{x} f(t)dt\)Differentiate {using Newton Leibnitz theorem on R.H.S.}

f’(x) = f(x)

f'(x)/f(x) = 1

Integrate w.r.t. x

f(x) = e

^{x+c}= e^{c}. e^{x}Now, f(0) =

\(f(x) = \int_{0}^{0} f(t)dt\)= 0Therefore, k must be 0

f(x) = 0 (const.)

f(log

_{e}5) = 0

**Question 31.** The value λ, is such that the following system of equations has no solution, is

2x – y – 2z = 2

x – 2y + z = –4

x + y + λz = 4

- a. 3
- b. 1
- c. 0 (zero)
- d. –3

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**For number solution

Δ = 0 and at least one of Δx, Δy, Δz must be non-zero (Cramer’s rule)

⇒ 2(–2λ–1) + 1 (λ–1) – 2 (1+2) = 0

⇒ –3λ – 9 = 0

⇒ λ = – 3

**Question 32. **

Then f(100) is equal to

- a. 0 (zero)
- b. 1
- c. 100
- d. 10

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**= x(x

^{2}–1) {1.(-2x + 2x)}= 0

f(100) = 0

**Question 33.**If sin^{-1}(x – x^{2}/4 + x^{3}/4 – x^{4}/8 + …) = π/6 where |x| < 2 then the value of x is

- a. 2/3
- b. 3/2
- c. -2/3<.p>d. -3/2

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**sin

^{-1}(x – x^{2}/4 + x^{3}/4 – x^{4}/8 + …infinity) = π/6x – x

^{2}/4 + x^{3}/4 – x^{4}/8 + …infinity = ½Infinite G.P.; Common ratio = -x/2

x/(1+x/2) = ½

2x/(2+x) = ½

x = 2/3

**Question 34.**The area of the region bounded by the curve y = x^{3}, its tangent at (1, 1) and x-axis is

- a. 1/12
- b. 1/6
- c. 2/17
- d. 2/15

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**y = x

^{3}dy/dx = 3x

^{2}At A(1,1), dy/dx = 3

Equation of tangent at A (1, 1)

y – 1 = 3(x – 1)

y = 3x – 2

Now,

**Question 35. **If log_{0.2}(x – 1)> log_{0.04}(x + 5) then

- a.–1 < x < 4
- b.2 < x < 3
- c.1 < x < 4
- d.1 < x < 3

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**(I) For log

_{0.2}(x – 1) and log_{0.04}(x + 5) to be definedx –1 > 0 and x + 5 >0

x >1 ....(i)

(II) Now, log

_{0.2}(x – 1) > log_{0.04}(x + 5)log

_{0.2}(x – 1) > log_{0.2}(x + 5)log

_{0.2}(x – 1) > (1/2) log_{0.2}(x + 5)2log

_{0.2}(x – 1) > log_{0.2}(x + 5)log

_{0.2}(x – 1)^{2}> log_{0.2}(x + 5)Taking antilog {note the inequality will change because base < 1}

(x – 1)

^{2}< x + 5x

^{2}– 3x – 4 < 0(x – 4)(x + 2) < 0

–1 < x < 4 {but x > 1, (i)}

Therefore, 1 < x < 4

**Question 36.** The number of real roots of equation log_{e}x + ex = 0

- a. 0 (zero)
- b. 1
- c. 2
- d. 3

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**log

_{e}x + ex = 0log

_{e}x = - exThe two curves meet at one point

so, One solution

**Question 37.**If the vertex of the conic y^{2} – 4y = 4x – 4a always lies between the straight lines x + y = 3 and 2x + 2y – 1 = 0 then

- a. 2 < a < 4
- b. -1/2< a < 2
- c. 0 < a < 2
- d. -1/2 < a < 3/2

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**y

^{2}– 4y = 4 x – 4a⇒ (y–2)

^{2}= 4 (x – a + 1) {Parabola}⇒ Vertex (a – 1, 2)

Now, (a-1, 2) always lies between lines x + y – 3 =0 & 2x + 2y–1=0

⇒ (a – 1 + 2 – 3) (2(a–1)+2(2) –1) < 0 {Location of point with respect to line}

⇒ (a – 2) (2a + 1) < 0

⇒ -(1/2) < a < 2

**Question 38.** Number of intersecting points of the conic 4x^{2} + 9y^{2} = 1 and 4x^{2} + y^{2} = 4 is

- a. 1
- b. 2
- c. 3
- d. 0 (zero)

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**C

_{1}: x^{2}/(1/4) + y^{2}/(1/9) = 1 and C_{2}: x^{2}/1 + y^{2}/4 = 1Clearly no point of intersection.

**Question 39. **The value of λ for which the straight line (x-λ)/3 = (y-1)/(2+λ) = (z-3)/-1 may lie on the plane x – 2y = 0 is

- a. 2
- b. 0
- c. -1/2
- d. There is no such λ

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**If given line lies on the plane, the normal of plane must also be normal (perpendicular) to the line.

Direction ratios of line (3, 2+λ, –1)

Direction ratios Normal (1, –2, 0)

(3)(1) + (2+λ)(–2) + (–1)(0) = 0

– 1 – 2λ = 0

λ=-1/2

**Question 40. **The value of 2 cot^{-1}(1/2) – cot^{-1}(4/3) is

- a. – π/8
- b. 3 π/2
- c.π/4
- d.π/2

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**

**Question 41.** If the point (2cos θ, 2sin θ), for θ ∈ (0, 2 π) lies in the region between the lines x + y = 2 and x – y = 2 containing the origin, then θ lies in

- a. (0, π/2)
- b. [0, π]
- c. (π/2, 3 π/2)
- d. [π/4, π/2]

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**(2cosθ, 2sinθ) lies on the circle x

^{2}+ y^{2}= 4The given point will lie in shaded region for θ∈(π/2, 3 π/2).

**Question 42.** Number of points having distance √5 from the straight line x – 2y + 1 = 0 and a distance √13 from the lie 2x + 3y – 1 = 0 is

- a. 1
- b. 2
- c. 4
- d. 5

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**Let the point be (a, b)

Now, |(a-2b+1)/√5| = √5 => a – 2b + 1 = ±5 …(1)

Also |(2a+3b-1)/√13| = √13 => 2a + 3b – 1 = ±13 …(2)

Anyone of equations (1) will give a point of intersection with anyone of equations (2).

So total 4 points.

**Question 43.** Let f : R-> R be defined as (x^{2}-x+4)/( x^{2}-x+4). Then the range of the function f(x) is

- a. [3/5, 5/3]
- b. (3/5, 5/3)
- c. (-∞, 3/5) ⋃(5/3, ∞)
- d. [-5/3, -3/5]

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**f(x) = y = (x

^{2}-x+4)/( x^{2}-x+4). ; x belongs to R=> y (x

^{2}+ x + 4) = x2 – x + 4=> (y – 1) x

^{2}+ (y + 1) x + 4y – 4 = 0For x to be real, D ≥ 0

=> (y + 1)

^{2}– 4×4× (y – 1)^{2}≥ 0=> (5y – 3)(–3y + 5) ≥0

=> (5y – 3)(3y – 5) ≤ 0

=> 3/5 ≤ y ≤5/3

Also, check for y = 1; x = 0, which is valid.

**Question 44.** The least value of 2x^{2} + y^{2} + 2xy + 2x – 3y + 8 for real numbers x and y is

- a. 2
- b. 8
- c. 3
- d. 1

Solution:

**Answer: Bonus (G)**z = 2x

^{2}+ y^{2}+ 2xy + 2x – 3y + 8= {4x

^{2}+ 2y^{2}+ 4xy + 4x – 6y + 16}= {(2x + y + 1)

^{2}+ (y – 4)^{2}– 1}= {(2x + y – 1)

^{2 }+ (y – 4)^{2}} –1/2 ≥ – 1/2So the least value is –1/2 at x = –5/2 and y = 4.

**Question 45. **Let f : [–2, 2] -> R be a continuous function such that f(x) assumes only irrational values. If f(√2) = √2, then

- a. f(0) = 0
- b. f(√2-1) = √2-1
- c. f(√2-1 ) = √2+1
- d. f(√2-1 ) = √2

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**A continuous function assuming only irrational (or rational) value must be a constant function.

So f(x) = √2, for all x belongs to R

**Question 46.** The minimum value of cos θ+sin θ+2/sin θ for θ belongs to (0, π/2) is

- a. 2+√2
- b. 2
- c. 1+√2
- d. 2√2

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**y = sin θ + cos θ +2/sin θ ; θ belongs to (0, π/2)

= sin θ + cos θ + 1/sin θcos θ

As the expression remains unchanged by interchanging sin θ and cos θ so the minimum is achieved for sin θ = cos θ

i.e. for θ = π/4 in (0, π/2)

So, minimum value = 2 + √2.

**Question 47. **Let x_{n} = (1-1/3)^{2}(1-1/6)^{2}(1-1/10)^{2}….(1-1/n(n+1)/2), n ≥2. Then the value of

\(\lim_{n\to\infty }x_{n}\)

is:- a. 1/3
- b. 1/9
- c. 1/81
- d. 0 (zero)

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**

**Question 48.** The variance of the first 20 natural numbers is

- a. 133/4
- b. 279/12
- c. 133/2
- d. 399/4

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**The variance of first n natural numbers is (n

^{2}-1)/12.

**Question 49:** A fair coin is tossed a fixed number of times. If the probability of getting exactly 3 heads equals the probability of getting exactly 5 heads, then the probability of getting exactly one head is

- a. 1/64
- b. 1/32
- c. 1/16
- d. 1/8

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**Let, coin be tossed n times,

Probability of getting exactly 3 heads =

^{n}C_{3}(1/2)^{3}(1/2)^{n-3}Probability for exactly 5 heads =

^{n}C_{5}(1/2)^{5}(1/2)^{n-5}(Using Binomial probability distribution)

Now,

^{n}C_{3}(1/2)^{n}=^{n}C_{5}(1/2)^{n}=> n = 8

Thus, required probability =

^{8}C_{1}(1/2)^{8}= 1/32

**Question 50.** If the letters of the word PROBABILITY are written down at random in a row, the probability that two B-s are together is

- a. 2/11
- b. 10/11
- c. 3/11
- d. 6/11

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**Required probability alignments = (10!/2!)/(11!/2!2!)

= 2/11

**Question 51**. The number of distinct real roots of

- a. 0 (zero)
- b. 2
- c. 1
- d. > 2

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**

**Question 52.** Let x_{1}, x_{2}, .........., x_{15} be 15 distinct numbers chosen from 1, 2, 3, ........., 15. Then the value of (x_{1} – 1) (x_{2} – 1), (x_{3} – 1)..........(x_{15} – 1) is

- a. always ≤ 0
- b. 0 (zero)
- c. always even
- d. always odd

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**Among x

_{1}, x_{2}, …., x_{15}; one of them, say x_{k}is 1.x

_{k}–1 = 0So the given product is ‘0’.

**Question 53.** Let [x] denote the greatest integer less than or equal to x. Then the value of for which the function,

- a. α = 0
- b. α = sin(–1)
- c. α = sin(1)
- d. α = 1

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**

**Question 54. **Let f(x) denotes the fractional part of a real number x. Then the value of

\(\int_{0}^{\sqrt{3}}f(x)^{2}dx\)

- a. 2√3-√2-1
- b. 0 (zero)
- c. √2-√3+1
- d. √3-√2+1

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**

**Question 55. **Let S = {(a, b, c) belongs to N × N × N : a + b + c = 21, a ≤ b ≤ c } and T = {(a, b, c) belongs to N× N × N : a, b, d are in A.P.}, where N is the set of all-natural numbers. Then the number of elements in the set S ⋂ T is

- a. 6
- b. 7
- c. 13
- d. 14

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**S : a + b + c = 21 and T: a + c = 2b

=> a + c = 14 and b = 7

(1, 13), (2, 12), …….(6, 8) or a = b = c = 7

Hence 7 triplets.

**Question 56:** Let y =

\(e^{x^{2}}\)

and y = \(e^{x^{2}}\sin x\)

be two given curves. Then the angle between the tangent to the curves at any point of their intersection is- a. 0 (zero)
- b. π
- c. π/2
- d. π/4

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**

**Question 57.** Area of the region bounded by y = |x| and y = –|x| + 2 is

- a. 4 sq. units
- b. 3 sq. units
- c. 2 sq. units
- d. 1 sq. units

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**In figure; A(-1,1), B(0,2), C(1,1), 0(0,0)

OABC is a square with side length √2

So Area = √2

^{2}= 2 sq. units.

**Question 58.** Let d(n) denote the number of divisors of n including 1 and itself. Then d(225), d(1125) and d(640) are

- a. in AP
- b. in HP
- c. in GP<.p>d. consecutive integers

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**(i) 225 = 3

^{2}×5^{2}=> d(225) = (2+1) (2+1) = 9

(ii) 1125 = 3

^{2}×5^{3}=> d(1125) = 3 × 4 =12

(iii) 640 = 2

^{7}×5=> d(640) = 8 × 2 =16

9, 12, 16 are in GP

**Question 59.** The trigonometric equation sin–1x = 2sin–12a has a real solution if

- a. |a|>1/√2
- b. 1/2 √2<|a|>1/√2
- c. |a|>1/2√2
- d. |a|≤1/2√2

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**

**Question 60.** If 2 + i and √5-2i are the roots of the equation (x^{2 }+ ax + b) (x^{2} + cx + d) = 0, where a, b, c, d are real constants, then product of all roots of the equation is

- a. 40
- b. 9√5
- c. 45
- d. 35

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**If 2–i and √5+2i are two roots then other roots must be 2 + i and √5-2i

So, Product of roots = (2–i)(√5-2i )(2+i)( 5+2i) = 5×9 = 45.

**Question 61.** In a triangle ABC, ∠C = 90^{0}, r and R are the in-radius and circum-radius of the triangle ABC respectively, then 2(r + R) is equal to

- a. b + c
- b. c + a
- c. a + b
- d. a + b + c

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**Now, AB = 2R = b – r + a – r

=> 2 (R + r) = b + a

**Question 62.** Let α, β be two distinct roots of a cos θ + b sin θ = c, where a, b and c are three real constants and q belongs to [0, 2 π]. Then α+ β is also a root of the same equation if

- a. a + b = c
- b. b + c = a
- c. c + a = b
- d. c = a

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**a cos θ + b sin θ = c

(c+a)b

^{2}-2b^{2}a+(c-a)a^{2}= 0b

^{2}(c-a)+a^{2}(c-a) = 0(c-a)(b

^{2}+a^{2}) = 0c – a = 0

c = a

**Question 63.** For a matrix A =

\(\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0\\ 2 & 1 & 0\\ 3& 2& 1 \end{bmatrix}\)

if U- a. 6
- b. 0 (zero)
- c. 1
- d. 2/3
- a.sub>3 = 2, b
_{3}= 1, c_{3}= –3Sum of elements of U

^{-1}= 0

Solution:

**Answer: (b)**Let U

_{i}=\(\begin{bmatrix} a_{i}\\ b_{i}\\ c_{i} \end{bmatrix}\)i = 1,2,3

a.sub>3 = 2, b_{3}= 1, c_{3}= –3Sum of elements of U

^{-1}= 0

**Question 64.** Let f : N -> R be such that f(1) = 1 and

f(1) + 2f(2) + 3f(3) + .......... + nf(n) = n(n + 1)f(n), for all n belongs to N, n ≥ 2, where N is the set of natural numbers and R is the set of real numbers. Then the value of f(500) is

- a. 1000
- b. 500
- c. 1/500
- d. 1/1000

Solution:

**Answer: (d)**f(1) = 1

n = 2; f(1) + 2f(2) = 2.3 f(2)

f(2) = 1/4

n = 3; f(1) + 2f(2) +3f(3) = 12f(3)

f(3) = 1/6

=> f(n) = 1/2h

So f(500) = 1/1000.

**Question 65.** If 5 distinct balls are placed at random into 5 cells, then the probability that exactly one cell remains empty is

- a. 48/125
- b. 12/125
- c. 8/125
- d. 1/125

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**Total no. of ways to put 5 balls in 5 cells = 55

No. of ways so that exactly one cell remains empty

(i) Select one cell to be left empty =

^{5}C_{1}(ii) Distribute 5 balls to 4 cells so that no cell will be left empty.

Distribution will be of 1, 1, 1 and 2

**Question 66.** A survey of people in a given region showed that 20% were smokers. The probability of death due to lung cancer, given that a person smoked, was 10 times the probability of death due to lung cancer, given that a person did not smoke. If the probability of death due to lung cancer in the region is 0.006, what is the probability of death due to lung cancer given that a person is a smoker?

- a. 1/140
- b. 1/70
- c. 3/140
- d. 1/10

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**E -> death due to lung cancer

E

_{1}-> Person is a smokerE

_{2}-> Person is a non-smokerP(E

_{1}) = 1/5P(E

_{2}) = 4/5P(E) = 0.006

P(E/E

_{1}) = 10P(E/E_{2})Now, P(E) = P(E

_{1}).P(E/E_{1})+P(E_{2}).P(E/E_{2})0.006 = (1/5)P(E/E

_{1})+(4/5)(1/10)P(E/E_{1})=> P(E/E

_{1}) = 3/140

**Question 67.** A person goes to the office by car or scooter or bus or train, the probability of which are 1/7, 3/7, 2/7 and 1/7 respectively. The probability that he reaches office late, if he takes a car, scooter, bus or train is 2/9, 1/9, 4/9 and 1/9 respectively. Given that he reached office in time, the probability that he travelled by car is

- a. 1/7
- b. 2/7
- c. 3/7
- d. 4/7

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**Using Baye's Theorem

Let E

_{i}-> Probability of travelling by car, scooter, bus, trainP(E/E

_{1})-> Probability of reaching on time= (1/7)(7/8) ÷(1/7)(7/9)+(3/7)(8/9)+(2/7)(5/9)+(1/7)(8/9)

= 1/7

**Question 68.** The value of

\(\int \frac{(x-2)dx}{\left \{ (x-2)^{2}(x+3)^{7} \right \}^{\frac{1}{3}}}\)

is- a. (3/20)((x-2)/(x+3))
^{4/3}+c - b. (3/20)((x-2)/(x+3))
^{3/4}+c - c. (5/12)((x-2)/(x+3))
^{4/3}+c - d. (3/20)((x-2)/(x+3))
^{5/3}+c

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**

**Question 69.** Let f : R ->R be differentiable at x = 0. If f(0) = 0 and f’(0) = 2, then the value of lim _{x->0} (1/x)[f(x)+f(2x)f(3x)+..+f(2015x)

- a. 2015
- b. 0 (zero)
- c. 2015 × 2016
- d. 2015 × 2014

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**Applying L’ hospital rule

= 2×2015×2016/2

= 2015×2016

**Question 70.** If x and y are digits such that 17! = 3556xy428096000, then x + y equals

- a. 15
- b. 6
- c. 12
- d. 13

Solution:

**Answer: (a)**Since 17!is divisible by 9,

So sum of digits must be divisible by 9

48 + x + y is divisible by 9

x + y = 6 or 15 ; x, y belongs to {0,1,2,..a}

Again,17! is divisible by 11,

|Sum of digits at odd places – sum of digits at even places|

Must be divisible by 11

i.e. |10 + x - y| is divisible by 11

=> |x - y| = 1 (only possible value)

Hence x + y = 15, (x, y) = (8,7) or (7,8)

**Question 71.** Which of the following is/are always false?

- a. A quadratic equation with rational coefficients has zero or two irrational roots
- b. A quadratic equation with real coefficients has zero or two non-real roots
- c. A quadratic equation with irrational has zero or two rational roots
- d. A quadratic equation with integer coefficients has zero or two irrational roots

Solution:

**Answer: (c)**A -> A quadratic equation with rational coefficient can have any type of roots.

Ex:

(i) x

^{2}= 0 -> zero roots(ii) x

^{2}– x – 1 = 0 -> Irrational rootsso can be true

B -> Again a quadratic equation with real coefficients can have any type of roots.

So, can be true

C -> A quadratic equation with irrational distinct coefficients can never have zero or rational roots.

So, always false

D -> It can have any roots

So, can be true.

**Question 72.** If the straight line (a – 1)x – by + 4 = 0 is normal to the hyperbola xy = 1 the which of the followings does not hold?

- a. a > 1, b > 0
- b. a > 1, b < 0
- c. a < 1, b < 0<.p>d. a < 1, b > 0

Solution:

**Answer: (a,c)**x.y = 1

Slope of normal = -dx/dy = x

^{2}or 1/y^{2}>0So given line is normal if its slope,

i.e. (a-1)/b >0

A and C are possible.

**Question 73.** Suppose a machine produces metal parts that contain some defective parts with probability 0.05. How many parts should be produced in order that probability of at least one part defective is ½ or more? (Given log_{10}95 = 1.977 and log_{10}2 = 0.3)

- a. 11
- b. 12
- c. 15
- d. 14

Solution:

**Answer: (c,d)**Probability of at least one defective part

=1- non defective part

= 1 – (0.95)

^{n}≥1/2=> (0.95)

^{n}≤1/2Taking log

**Question 74.** Let f: R-> R be such that f(2x – 1) = f(x) for all x belongs to R. If f is continuous at x = 1 and f(1) = 1, then

- a. f(2) = 1
- b. f(2) = 2
- c. f is continuous only at x = 1
- d. f is continuous at all points.

Solution:

**Answer: (a,d)**f(2x-1) = f(x) for all x belongs to R

Replacing x -> (x+1)/2

f(x) = f((x+1)/2)

**Question 75.** If cos x and sin x are solutions of the differential equation a_{0}(d^{2}y/dx^{2})+a_{1}(dy/dx)+a_{2}y = 0, where a_{0}, a_{1}, a_{2} are real constants then which of the followings is/are always true?

- a. A cos x + B sin x is a solution, where A and B are real constants
- b. A cos(x+ π/4) is solution, where A is real constant
- c. A cos x sin x is a solution, where A is real constant
- d. A cos(x+ π/4) +B sin(x- π/4) is a solution, where A and B are real constants

Solution:

**Answer: (a,d)**y = a sin x+b cos x

dy/dx = a cos x-b sin x

d

^{2}y/dx^{2}= -a sin x-b cos x = -yd

^{2}y/dx^{2}+y = 0The given difference = n is general solution of y = a sin x + b cos x

So a and d are correct options.

**Question 76.** Which of the following statements is/are correct for 0 < θ < π/2?

Solution:

**Answer: (a, c)**0 < θ < π/2 ;0 < n θ ≤nπ/2

{0<n<1, nπ/2 <π/2}

So, 0 <cos θ <1

Or 0 <cos

^{n}θ<1 …(1)K < cos nθ< 1

Where 0 < k < 1

Therefore, cos

^{n}θ≤ cos n θ

**Question 77.** Let 16x^{2} – 3y^{2} – 32x – 12y = 44 represent a hyperbola. Then

- a. Length of the transverse axis is 2√3
- b. Length of each latus rectum is 32√3
- c. Eccentricity is √ (19/3)
- d. Equation of a directrix is x = √19/3

Solution:

**Answer: (a, b, c)**16x

^{2}– 3y^{2}– 32x – 12y = 44⇒ 16(x

^{2}-2x) – 3(y^{2}+4y) = 44⇒ 16(x

^{2}-2x+1) – 3(y^{2}+4y+4) = 44+4⇒ 16(x-1)

^{2}–3(y+2)^{2}= 48⇒ (x-1)

^{2}/3 – (y+2)^{2}/16 = 1Length of transverse axis = 2a = 2√3

Length of Latus Rectum = 2b

^{2}/a = 32/√3

**Question 78.** For the function f(x) = [1/[x]], where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x, which of the following statements are true?

- a. The domains is (–∞, ∞)
- b. The range is {0} U {–1} U {1}
- c. The domain is {–∞, 0} U [1, ∞)
- d. The range is {0} U {1}

Solution:

**Answer: (b, c)**f(x) = [1/[x]]

For Domain: [x] ≠ 0

x ≠ [0, 1)

Therefore, D

_{f}= R – [0, 1)Range:

1/[x] -> 1, ½, 1/3, ¼, -1, -1/2, -1/3, -1/4

[1/[x]] -> 1, 0, -1

Therefore, R

_{f}= {-1, 0, 1}

**Question 79.** Let f be any continuously differentiable function on [a, b] and twice differentiable on (a, b) such that f(a) = f’(a) = 0 and f(b) = 0. Then

- a. f'(a) = 0
- b. f'(x) = 0 for some x ∈ (a, b)
- c. f''(x) = 0 for some x ∈ (a, b)
- d. f'''(x) = 0 for some x ∈ (a, b)

Solution:

**Answer: (b, c)**Applying Rolle's Theorem on f(x) in [a, b]

f(a) = f(b) = 0

f(x) is constant and differential function

f'(c) = 0 for c ∈ (a, b)

Now, again applying Rolle’s Theorem on f’(x)

f'(a) = f'(c) = 0

Therefore, In (a, c), f"(x) will be zero at some point.

**Question 80. **A relation ρ on the set of real number R is defined as follows:

- a. ρ is reflexive and symmetric
- b. ρ is symmetric but not reflexive
- c. ρ is symmetric and transitive
- d. ρ is an equivalence relation

Solution:

**Answer: (b, c)**x ρ y ⇒x. y > 0

x ρ x ⇒x . x > 0*Reflexive:*x

^{2}> 0Not true for x = 0

Therefore, not reflexive

x ρ y ⇒x. y > 0*Symmetric:*⇒y. x > 0

⇒y ρ x

Therefore, symmetric

x ρ y ⇒ x . y > 0 ...(i)*Transitive:*y ρ z ⇒ y. z > 0 ....(ii)

From (i) and (ii)

x. z. y

^{2}> 0x . z > 0

x ρ z

Therefore, Transitive.

WBJEE 2015 Maths Question Paper with Solutions