Environment can be defined as a sum total of all the living and non-living elements and their effects that influence human life. While all living or biotic elements are animals, plants, forests, fisheries, and birds, non-living or abiotic elements include water, land, sunlight, rocks, and air.
(1) Provides the supply of resources
- The environment offers resources for production.
- It includes both renewable and non-renewable resources.
- Examples: Wood for furniture, soil, land, etc.
(2) Sustains life
- The environment includes the sun, soil, water, and air, which are essential for human life.
- It sustains life by providing genetic and biodiversity.
(3) Assimilates waste
- Production and consumption activities generate waste.
- This occurs mostly in the form of garbage.
- The environment helps in getting rid of the garbage.
(4) Enhances the quality of life
- The environment enhances the quality of life.
- Human beings enjoy the beauty of nature that includes rivers, mountains, deserts, etc.
- These add to the quality of life.
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What are the Types of Resources?
Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources
(1) Renewable resources
- Renewable resources are the resources that can never be exhausted or depleted with continuous use.
- There remains a continuous supply of renewable resources.
- Examples: Water, trees, etc.
(2) Non-renewable resources
- Non-renewable resources are the resources that get exhausted with their extraction and use.
- Examples: Coal, petroleum, iron ore, etc.
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|Q 1. Differentiate the following into renewable and non-renewable resources.
(I) Trees (Ii) Fish (Iii) Petroleum (Iv) Coal (V) Iron ore (Vi) Water (NCERT)
|(I) Trees||Renewable resource|
|(II) Fish||Renewable resource|
|(III) Petroleum||Non-renewable resource|
|(IV) Coal||Non-renewable resource|
|(V) Iron ore||Non-renewable resource|
|(VI) Water||Renewable resource|
|Q 2. What does the environment include?|
It includes all the living and non-living elements that affect the quality of life.
|Q 3. What are renewable resources?|
Renewable resources are the resources that can never be exhausted or depleted with continuous use.
|Q 4. What are non-renewable resources?|
Non-renewable resources are the resources that get exhausted with their extraction and use.
|Q 1. What are the functions of the environment?|
|a. Supply of resources
b. Sustenance of life
c. Assimilation of waste
d. All of the above
|Q.no||Fill in the blanks.|
|______________ may be defined as all the conditions and their effects that influence human life.
|2||_____________ resources are the resources that get exhausted with extraction and use.
|Q. no.||Answer key|
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