Rural Development in India

Rural Development in India

Rural development usually relates to the method of enhancing the quality of life and financial well-being of an individual specifically living in populated and remote areas.

Traditionally rural development is centered on the misuse of land-intensive natural resources such as forestry and agriculture. But today, increasing urbanization and change in global production, networks have transformed the nature of rural areas.

Today, rural development still remains the core of the overall development of the country. It has become more than two-thirds of the country’s people is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood and one-third of rural India is still below the poverty line. Therefore, it is important for the government to be productive and provide enough facility to upgrade their standard of living.

Rural development is a complete term that concentrates on the action taken for the development of rural areas improve the village economy. However, few areas that demand more focused attention and new initiatives are.

  • Education
  • Public Health and Sanitation
  • Women Empowerment
  • Infrastructure Development (E.g electricity, irrigation, etc)
  • Facilities for agriculture extension and research
  • Availability of Credit
  • Employment opportunity
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Importance of Rural Development

Rural development is important not only for the majority of the population residing in a rural area but the growth of rural activities is necessary to stimulate the speed of overall economic expansion of the nation.

Rural development is pretended to be noticeable importance in the country today than in the olden days in the process of the evolution of the nation. It is a strategy trying to obtain improved rural creation and productivity, higher socio-economic equality, and ambition, stability in social and economic development.

The primitive task is to decrease the famine roughly about 70 percent of the rural population, implement sufficient and healthy food. Later, serve fair equipment of clothing and footwear, a clean environment and house, medical attention, recreational provision, education, transport, and communication.

Objectives of Rural Development

The aim objectives composed by the government in the sixth five-year plan for rural development are.

  • To improve productivity and the wages of rural people.
  • To guarantee increased and quick employment possibilities
  • To demolish unemployment and a notable decline in underemployment
  • To guarantee to increase the standard of living of the underprivileged population
  • To provide the basic needs – eg. elementary education, health care, clean drinking water, and, rural roads, etc.

Solved Questions.

  1. Explain Rural development and its importance
(A) Meaning 1. Rural development means an action-plan for the economic and social upliftment of rural areas.

2. It aims at improving the quality of life of people living in villages.

3. It focuses on the action for the development of areas that are lagging behind in the overall development of the village economy.

Rural development is important because of the following reasons:
(i) Large Proportion Of Population Living In Rural Areas 1. Rural people account for about 3/4th (75%) of the total population.

2. In 2016, 68.84% of people account for the rural population.

3. However, they have always lagged much behind the overall progress of the economy.

(ii) Agriculture-major Source Of Livelihood 1. Agriculture is still the major source of livelihood in the rural areas.

2. More than two-thirds of India’s population depends on it.

3. So, the development of agriculture will contribute to the betterment of rural areas and rural people.

(iii) Lack Of Basic Necessities 1. Majority of the poor people lives in rural areas.

2. They do not have access to basic necessities of life like a proper meal, health facilities, sanitation, etc.

2. Bring out the key issues in rural development (NCERT)
Answer: The key issues of rural development are:
(1) Development Of Infrastructure
  • There is a lack of infrastructure in rural areas.
  • Infrastructure development like electricity, irrigation, credit, marketing, transport facilities, etc. needs to be addressed.
(2) Reduction Of Poverty
  • Reduction of poverty because rural areas have maximum poverty.
  • Around 30% of the population is below the poverty line, this figure has reduced to 21.92% in 2012.
  • There is a serious need for taking serious steps for the alleviation of poverty.
(3) Development Of Health Facilities
  • Rural areas lack proper health facilities.
  • Better health facilities are necessary for physical growth.
(4) Development Of Productive Resources
  • Productive resources of each locality need to be developed to enhance employment opportunities.
  • It will help in diversification of production activity with a view of finding alternative means of sustaining living other than crop-cultivation.
(5) Development Of Human Resources
  • There is a need to improve the quality of human resource in rural areas.
  • It can be done:1. By improving the literacy rate (especially female literacy)2. Skill development3. Industrial training etc.

Also know: Demographic Condition in Colonial India

Multiple Choice Question:
Q.1- Development of Human resource can be done by
a. Improving Literacy skills

b. Skill Development

c. Training

d. All of the above

Q.2- Rural Development aims at improving
a. Health Facilities

b. Reducing Poverty

c. Developing Infrastructure

d. All aspects of life

Answer Key
1-d, 2-d

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