Global Manufacturing Risk Index 2021

Cushman & Wakefield’s Global Manufacturing Risk Index assesses the most advantageous locations for global manufacturing among 47 countries in Europe, the Americas and the Asia Pacific

In this article, we shall discuss in detail the outcomes of the Index and its importance. This is an important topic from the perspective of the upcoming IAS Exam and other government exams.

Latest Update:

  • India ranked 2nd in the 2021 Index and has overtaken the United States as the global manufacturing destination 
  • In 2020, India had ranked 3rd and the US ranked 2nd
  • China retained its first position in the Global Manufacturing Risk Index, 2021

To know India’s latest ranking in other important Global Indices, candidates can click here.

Global Manufacturing Risk Index [UPSC Notes]:-Download PDF Here

Given below are a few other important links that candidates can refer to while preparing for the civil services exam:

World Risk Index Global Climate Risk Index 
Role of Industry in Atmanirbhar Bharat: RSTV – Big Picture Coronavirus & Impact on Economy: RSTV – Big Picture

What is the Global Manufacturing Risk Index?

It is released by Cushman & Wakefield, a global leader in the commercial real estate industry, and assesses the most advantageous locations for global manufacturing. 

Under this report, countries are evaluated based on four key factors:

  • Bounce Back: Projected ability to restart manufacturing operations 
  • Conditions: Business environment, availability of talent/labour and access to markets
  • Costs: Operating costs including labour, electricity and real estate
  • Risks: Political, economic and environmental

Impact of COVID on Manufacturing Sector & Index Rankings- 

The imposition of lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and an imposed decrease in on-site workforce wreaked havoc in factories across the globe, hindering the manufacturing sector. 

Supply chain, labour costs and labour availability, the three main factors regarding manufacturing locations were severely disrupted due to the pandemic, leaving a negative impact on the manufacturing sector. 

Preparing for the upcoming civil services exam? Refer to the links below and complement your UPSC preparation:

Manufacturing Risk Index 2021 – Key Findings

  • The first factor to measure the rankings, i.e., ‘Bounce Back’, will rely upon two key variables:
    • IMF’s GDP growth forecast, which is a reliable indication of how quickly an economy is expected to recover
    • Percentage of the population vaccinated, an indicator of where each country is relative to protecting its population from future waves and lockdowns
  • In comparison to the 2020 rankings, China retained its first position, while the United States was replaced by India at the 2nd spot
  • Among the highest increases in the 47 countries tracked under the Index, labour costs have risen in Poland and Hungary by 17% and 23% respectively since 2016. 
  • The data underpinning the Manufacturing Risk Index (MRI) comes from a variety of reliable sources, including:
  • The rankings indicate the growing interest of manufactures to set up units in India

UPSC 2022

Factors Leading to India’s Improved Position as a Manufacturing Hub

  • Reforms to both land and labour laws are critical to India’s success as a global manufacturing location
  • In future, India could also benefit from plant relocations from China to other parts of Asia due to its already established base in pharmaceuticals, chemicals and engineering sectors that continue to be the focus of U.S.-China trade tensions
  • Many initiatives have been taken by the Indian government and other related authorities to make the country a manufacturing hub and self-dependent. These include:
  • The report mentions that one of the biggest reasons for the increasing interest of manufacturers in India is the country’s ability in meeting outsourcing requirements

Also, read Making India a Manufacturing Hub: RSTV- Big Picture

(Information Source:

Global Manufacturing Risk Index [UPSC Notes]:-Download PDF Here

Furthermore, candidates can get acquainted with the UPSC Syllabus for the prelims and mains examination and accordingly start their preparation for the upcoming civil services exam. 

For the latest exam updates and study material visit BYJU’S. 

Other Related Links
IAS Salary UPSC Age Limit
Startup India Scheme Startup India Seed Fund Scheme
National Investment & Manufacturing Zones World Trade Organisation


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