Sea Dragon Exercise 2022

The multinational Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) exercise Sea Dragon-22 began on January 5 and concluded on January 20 at Guam in the US. The Sea Dragon is an annual, multinational high-end exercise hosted by the United States Navy. Canada, South Korea and Quad countries comprising the United States, India, Japan and Australia participated in the 2-week exercise. The Quad countries also participate in the Malabar exercise.

A question on Sea Dragon Exercise may be asked in the UPSC Prelims of the IAS Exam. From UPSC Mains perspective, maritime domain and the concerning security challenges form important topics. Hence, aspirants should read about Sea Dragon Exercise and other naval exercises to achieve core understanding about the need of such international tactics.

Get the list of Exercises of the Indian Army in the linked article.

Objective of the Sea Dragon 22 Exercise

The Sea Dragon 22 exercise aims to further improve the interoperability among participating countries by evolving common tactics and strategies in response to emerging traditional and non-traditional security challenges in the maritime domain.

Components of the Sea Dragon Exercise

The Sea Dragon 22 exercise primarily comprises:

  • ASW training and classroom sessions. During the classroom sessions, pilots and flight officers from participating countries build plans and discuss tactics incorporating the capabilities and equipment of their respective countries.
  • Over 270 hours of inflight training comprising tracking simulated targets to the final problem of tracking a live U.S. Navy submarine
  • Each event that takes place during the exercise is graded and the country scoring the highest total points receives the coveted Dragon Belt award.

Facts about Exercise Sea Dragon 22

Location of the Sea Dragon 22 Exercise

Guam in the United States of America

Participating Countries

Quad Countries, Canada and South Korea

Hosted by

United States of America

Objective

To enhance the interoperability among participating countries by evolving common tactics and strategies in response to emerging traditional and non-traditional security challenges in the maritime domain

Duration of the Exercise

2 weeks (January 5 to January 20)

Malabar Exercise

  • It was started in 1992.
  • It is a multilateral war-gaming naval exercise, which comprises simulated war games and combat manoeuvres.
  • It began as a bilateral exercise between the navies of India and the United States of America.
  • In 2007, Japan and Australia first participated in the Malabar exercise
  • In 2015, Japan joined the naval exercise as a permanent member.
  • The last edition of the Malabar exercise was conducted in two phases in the months of August and October in 2021.

Read in-depth about Malabar Exercise in the linked article.

List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

Quad Countries

  • Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QSD) or Quad is an informal strategic forum. After the Indian Ocean tsunami, India, Australia, the US and Japan started an informal alliance to collaborate on disaster relief efforts.
  • Quad was established in 2007 (Shinzo Abe, the Japanese Prime Minister was the first to pitch the idea to set up Quad in 2007).
  • Objective: To work for a free, open, prosperous and inclusive Indo-Pacific region

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