What is the WHO Report on Smoking in India?

As per World Health Organisation (WHO) report India is home to 12% of the world’s smokers and more than half of adult Indians did not know smoking can cause cancer. As per report released by GATS 2 in 2018, the most commonly used tobacco products in India are khaini, beedi, gutkha. The report also states that every tenth adult in India smokes tobacco. The percentage of smokers is more in rural areas than in urban areas and the percentage of men smoking is more than the percentage of women smoking. Overall 28.6% of adults aged 15 and above use tobacco in India.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

Which Country has the Most Smokers?

As per reports in 2014, more than 20% of the world’s population consumed tobacco. More than 80% of smokers are found in low and middle income countries. As per reports of 2014, China consumed more than 30% of the world’s cigarettes. China is also the largest producer of cigarettes in the world.

Which City has the Highest Smokers in India?

As per a report released by International Institute of Population Science and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, around 56% of the people in Kolkata consume tobacco which makes it the city with highest number of smokers. In Kolkata 82% of the men and around 23% of women are smokers. The study found that Uttarakhand has the highest number of beedi smokers.

Which are the Laws in India to Control Smoking?

There are multiple laws in India to control the growing number of smokers in the country. The list of laws are mentioned below.

  1. Cigarettes (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 1975 – It mandated displaying statutory health warnings on cigarette packs in 1975.
  2. Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003. The short Form of this legislation is COTPA. As per this law it is prohibited to sell tobacco products in an area within 100 yards of any educational establishment. This law came into effect in 2004.
  3. In 1999, Kerala became the first country in India to ban public smoking. The judgement was passed by the Kerala High Court Division Bench headed by Judge Dr Justice Narayana Kurup.
  4. Prohibition of Smoking in Public Places Rules, 2008 introduced nationwide ban on smoking in public places.
  5. Section 7 of COTPA – This rule mandates that pictorial warning needs to cover 40% on the packaging of every tobacco product. This rule came into force in 2009.

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

 

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