UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Bharat Stage VI norms by 2020
Bharat emission standards are the emission standards rolled out by the government of India in the year 2000 to reduce the production of air pollutants from the internal combustion engine equipment including motor vehicles. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) under the Ministry of Environment & Forests and Climate Change sets out the standards and is responsible for the implementation of Bharat Stage Norms. India embarked on a formal emission control regime in 1991, with a view that raising transportation activity will both be a cause and effect of economic development. Bharat stage norms were conceptualized based on the European norms and are similar to Euro norms.
The Supreme Court stating the importance of public health over the commercial interests of automobile manufacturers as a reason banned the production and registration of vehicles not in compliance with Bharat Stage IV norms with effect from the 1st of April 2017 across the country.
The Government of India in a move to reduce pollution and with a view to align its policies with the promises made at the Climate Change Conference, Paris has expressed its decision to skip the implementation of Bharat Stage V norms and implement Bharat Stage VI norms by the year 2020. Bharat stage VI norms are Indian equivalent of Euro VI norms followed on a global scale. With the implementation of Bharat Stage VI norms, India would join the group of European Union, Japan and United States of America that follow the Euro VI norms. The decision of the Government of India to implement Bharat Stage VI norms by 1 April 2020 came after assessing the rising pollution hazards especially in the National capital and rising health concerns due to vehicular emissions.
Bharat Stage VI norms compliant fuels will have Sulphur concentration of 10 Parts Per Million (ppm) as compared to 50 ppm under Bharat Stage IV norms. Besides, implementation of Bharat Stage VI norms would reduce concentrations of carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, unburnt hydrocarbons and particulate matter from the emissions. A sudden shift of plan from implementing the Bharat Stage VI norms by 2024 to 2020 would make the vehicles more expensive as it necessitates significant technological upgradation. India has also planned to refurbish its existing emission testing and control programme. Evolving an all inclusive and stringent blue print soon would not only create regulatory certainty for the automobile industries but will also help achieve better ambient air quality in many cities.