Fiscal Drag

Fiscal drag happens when government’s net fiscal position ( minus taxation) fails to cover the net savings desires of the private economy, it is also called the private economy’s spending gap. The resulting lack of aggregate demand leads to deflationary pressure, or drag, in the economy, essentially due to lack of state spending or to excessive taxation.

One cause of fiscal drag is bracket creep, where progressive taxation increases automatically as taxpayers move into higher tax brackets due to inflation. This leads to moderation of  inflation, and can be characterized as an automatic stabilizer of the economy. Fiscal drag can also be a result of a hawkish stance towards government finances.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

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Consider the following statements:

  1. Fiscal drag is also called private economy’s spending gap.
  2. Bracket Creep is one of the causes of fiscal drag.

Which of the following statements is correct:

a) Only 1.

b) Only 2.

c) Both 1 & 2

d) None of the above

Answer: C

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.

FAQ about Fiscal Drag

What is fiscal drag and boost?

Fiscal boost and fiscal drag are the counter-cyclical effects of progressive direct taxes and welfare benefits on the movement of GDP over a period of time. In fiscal boost, a downturn in GDP during a recession would be accompanied by a fall in real incomes.

What does fiscal drag refers to?

Fiscal drag happens when incomes rise due to wages following prices higher pushes or drags millions of taxpayers into the higher marginal tax rate brackets. Fiscal drag has the effect of raising government tax revenue without raising tax rates.

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