UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Global Peace Index
The Global Peace Index (GPI) published by Australia-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations’ and regions’ peacefulness. It is developed in consultation with an international panel of peace experts from peace institutes and think tanks with data collected and collated by the Economist Intelligence Unit.
The list was first launched in May 2007 and updates have been made on an annual basis since then. It is claimed to be the first study to rank countries around the world according to their peacefulness.
Method of assessing Peace
- The GPI measures global peace using three broad themes:
- the level of societal safety and security,
- the extent of ongoing domestic and international conflict and
- the degree of militarization
- Both external factors such as military expenditures, wars and internal factors such as the levels of violence and crime within the country are considered.
GPI – 2018
- India’s rank has marginally improved in “global peacefulness”, at a time when there is an overall decline of global peace owing to the escalation of violence in West Asia and North Africa.
- India’s GPI rank was 137 out of 163 countries in 2017, when the year 2016 was assessed. In 2018, when the year 2017 is assessed, India’s rank moved up to 136.
- Iceland continues to remain the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008.
- Syria remained the least peaceful country in the world, a position that it had held for the past five years.
South Asian countries
- The best performer of South Asia, Bhutan, has slipped from 13 to 19.
- Bangladesh’ peace index deteriorated sharply. Bangladesh moved from 84 to 93.
- Nepal moved up from 93 to 84, while
- Sri Lanka moved up too, from position 80 to 67.
- Pakistan moved from 152 to 151.
South Asia experienced the largest regional improvement in peacefulness.
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