Comparison Between Himalayan and Peninsular Rivers

This article shares a brief comparison between Himalayan and Peninsular rivers on 5 different parameters like the source of the river, nature of the river, drainage, and the catchment area. It also shares a brief description of 4 different types of drainage patterns of the rivers.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

 

The below table gives the difference between Himalayan and Peninsular Rivers

S.No Basis Himalayan Rivers Peninsular Rivers
1 Source The sources are  the glaciers of the Himalayan mountains The source is mainly the peninsular plateau and the central highland
2 Nature The rivers here are perennial as the source are glaciers These rivers are not perennial. In other words, they dry up during some parts of the year
3 Drainage Antecedent. Since they flow from mountains down the plains, they form dendritic patterns Superimposed and result in drainage patterns such as trellis or radial
4 Catchment Area These rivers have a very large basin These rivers have comparatively smaller basins
5 Age These rivers are generally in their youth stage These are old rivers

Different Drainage Patterns

Dendritic

The rivers having such a pattern resembles the branches of a tree. An example could be the rivers of the northern plains

Radial

In this pattern, the rivers originate from a hill and flow downwards in all the directions. Example: rivers in Central India

Trellis

Here, the primary tributaries of the river flow parallel to each other and the secondary tributaries join at right angles

Centripetal

In this pattern, the river water collects in depression such as a lake

 

Civil Service Exam aspirants can refer to the list of UPSC Books given in the link, to augment their preparation.

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