International North–South Transport Corridor
The International North-South Transport Corridor is the rail, ship and road route for transporting cargo between India, Iran, Central Asia, Russia and Europe. Primarily, the route encompasses freight from Iran, Russia, India and Azerbaijan through rail, road and ship. The goal of this corridor is to improve commercial connectivity among major cities like Moscow, Mumbai, Baku, Tehran, Astrakhan, Bandar Anzali, Bandar Abbas, etc. Trial runs were done in the year 2014. The maiden trial run was from Mumbai to Baku via Bandar Abbas. The second one was also from Mumbai with destination Astrakhan through Bandar Anzali, Tehran and Bandar Abbas. The key aim of the test run was to recognise bottlenecks and eliminate them. Alternate routes are also being considered including countries Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan.