Kohinoor Diamond: Notes for UPSC Exam

Kohinoor was given to British by Sikh King Duleep Singh. There was a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court seeking the return of Kohinoor from Britain. In response to the PIL on April 18, 2016, Solicitor General representing Government of India desisted from making attempts to bring back the Kohinoor diamond stating that if they succeed then every other nation will start claiming items from Indian museums which would put Indian museums in a precarious situation.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

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Who is the Real Owner of Kohinoor Diamond?  

There are many theories on the original owner of the Kohinoor diamond. It is a diamond with a very long competitive history with India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran claiming the Kohinoor diamond. Kohinoor Diamond was in possession of various rulers, it came into possession of Kakatiyas, Alauddin Khilji, Babur, Shah Jahan, Nadir Shah, Ahmad Shah Durrani (Founder of Afghan empire), Maharaja Ranjit Singh and finally, it passed into the hands of British Monarch.

Where is Kohinoor Currently Located?

Kohinoor is now part of the British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth. It is currently on public display in the Jewel House at the Tower of London, seen by millions of visitors each day. Kohinoor Diamond was ceded to Queen Victoria after the annexation of Punjab by the British in 1849. The British Government insists that the diamond was obtained through the Treaty of Lahore and has therefore rejected claims from other countries.

Why is Kohinoor Considered as Cursed?

Kohinoor has gained the reputation of being cursed within the British Royal family, for bringing bad luck to any man who wears it. History has shown that the diamond has changed too many hands due to a great deal of fighting among various rulers.

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