The National Testing Agency is an autonomous testing organisation established to conduct entrance examinations to various institutes of higher learning in India. Important government agencies and bodies are a part of the UPSC syllabus and questions can be asked in the IAS Prelims exam based on them.
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National Testing Agency
The NTA conducts entrance exams for admissions and fellowships to institutes of higher education in the country.
- The NTA was established in 2017.
- It has become one of the largest competitive exam testing agencies in the world today.
- It is mandated with creating an exam system that is scientific and at par with global standards.
- It is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- It will relieve the CBSE, AICTE and other bodies from their exam-conducting responsibilities.
- It now conducts:
- JEE (Main)
- NEET – UG
- UGC – NET (assessment for fellowship)
- The NTA is administered by its Governing Body.
- The agency will have a team of education administrators, researchers, experts and assessment developers who believe that scientifically designed and rightly-delivered assessments can enhance the teaching-learning processes in classrooms in the country.
- The assessments undertaken by the NTA also intends to improve equity in India by ensuring that merit prevails in all selections.
- NTA’s motto: “Excellence in Assessment”.
- The agency’s CEO will be called the Director-General and would be appointed by the Government.
- The NTA will be chaired by an eminent educationist. He/she will be appointed by the Ministry of Human Resources.
- After the initial phase, the NTA will be financially self-sustaining.
The objectives of the NTA are:
- Conducting transparent, efficient and international standards tests to assess candidates’ competency for admission and recruitment purposes.
- Undertaking research on professional, educational and testing systems in order to recognise lacunae in the knowledge systems and undertake steps to bridge them.
- Identifying experts and institutions in preparing examination questions.
- Producing and disseminating data as well as research on education and professional development standards.
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- Identifying partner institutions with sufficient infrastructure from among the existing schools and higher education institutions which would enable the conduct of online examinations without hampering their academic routine.
- Creating a question bank for all subjects using the latest techniques.
- Establishing a strong Research & Development culture and also a pool of experts in various aspects of testing.
- Helping individual universities and colleges in the domain of testing and providing training and advisory services to institutions.
- Providing quality testing services to Indian academic institutions.
- Developing a modern culture of testing in India by means of Indian and global expertise. Also, collaborating with international organisations such as Educational Testing Service (ETS) to attain this.
- Undertaking any other exam that it is asked by the central/state government departments/ministries to take up.
- Performing reforms, as well as training of school boards and other bodies wherein the standard of testing, must be on par with the entrance examinations.
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