The NITI Aayog’s three year action agenda is a comprehensive document outlining the framework of policy changes. Implementation of these policies is meant to take place in the short term in India. The NITI Aayog 3 year action agenda is part of a larger vision document that has now replaced the erstwhile five year plans of the planning commission.
The NITI Aayog 3 year action agenda UPSC is a vital inclusion in the syllabus for the civil services exam. It is thus, pertinent to study the context of the topic in great depth. Understanding how the policies covered therein, propel urban and rural transformation and aid in the country’s development, proves to be a focal point of essential questions which can be asked in the exam.
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Prominent Suggestions of the 3 Year Action Agenda NITI Aayog
There are several key suggestions that are included under the purview of the action agenda at NITI Aayog. Included in them are the following:
- The government will create 20 different universities with accredited status.
- Provide policies for reformation of the entire regulatory system.
- Propose a system for the provision of specific grants on the basis of a project or research.
- Enhance attention towards vocational and educational programmes
- Targeting a placement rate of 80% and above by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) by the year 2020.
- Reformation of the UGC Act, 1956.
- Establishment of a national level employment promotion agency overseas which shall come under the purview of the Ministry of External Affairs and aid in the consolidation of various promotional initiatives started by the government.
- Propelling improvement in quality of education at schools by overseeing governance policies.
- Creating coastal employment zones which will boost export volumes and lead to the generation of highly productive jobs.
Even while focusing development efforts on these key areas, there are various challenges and points of concern that pose a hurdle to their completion. While some experts express their concern over the timelines shared for the proposals in the action agenda, others also express concern over the quality of skills and aid imparted through the agenda.
At the outset, most skill development programmes of the government have failed to deliver any desirable outcomes which leave the challenge of training a large volume of workforce intact. Furthermore, the lack of equal access to digital resources across the country also leaves a wide gap between these goals.
Advantages of NITI Aayog 3 Year Action Agenda Summary UPSC
There are several counts on which the NITI Aayog’s action agenda proves to be superior to the planning commission’s five year plans. For one, the lack of synchronization between the action agenda and the electoral cycles used to leave accountability of the plans on a government, different from the one who initiated those plans. Now, with the introduction of the three year action agenda, government offices are far more accountable for their performance and final implementation of these plans.
At the same time, there remains a window for the concerned government to introspect areas of improvement and adapt to the changing needs of the three year action agenda. These plans help to take a look at the future in conjunction with the evolving technology and evolve policies in alignment with the changes taking place therein. With actives being taken to ensure active implementation of the action agenda, the NITI Aayog’s action agenda is certainly bound to bring impactful changes.
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To Sum Up
The NITI Aayog 3 year action agenda UPSC PDF enlists steps that will make it move from a plan to a strategy. With the expansion of dedicated expenditure on these programmes, it is likely to lead up to the enhanced achievement of results. The NITI Aayog also publishes several documents in addition to the three year action agenda, including a fifteen year vision and seven year strategy. The action agenda is an integral part of the vision and strategy documents.
Various objectives type questions are likely to be asked about the composition, initiatives and agenda of the NITI Aayog, which constitutes a prominent section in the UPSC prelims syllabus. Students must go through the topic in great depth to capture the essence of the topic and equip themselves with the knowledge of the action agenda.