What is Pokhran II?

Pokhran-II was the series of five nuclear bomb test explosions that were conducted by India in May 1998 at the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range. This was the second attempt of India that turned out to be successful after the first test, code-named Smiling Buddha, was conducted in May 1974.

Aspirants can find information on the structure and other important details related to the IAS Exam, in the linked article.

Is Pokhran radioactive?

Post the nuclear test in Pokhran, there have been reports on traces of radiations in the soil, trees, groundwater. Even, the villagers in 2015 have requested the government to conduct a radiation check in the nearby areas of the nuclear testing range.

Why is Pokhran called 5 mirages?

Pokhran is called the land of 5 mirages by the local inhabitants. It got this name from the five salt ranges surrounding the city. Pokhran is an oasis in the middle of the desert. It’s a place where endless sand dunes are observed.

What the operation name that was carried out in Pokhran II?

The nuclear test in 1998 that was conducted in the Pokhran test range was known by the code name Operation Shakti.

Multiple Choice Question

Consider the following statements

  1. The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. Nuclear physicist Robert Oppenheimer was the director of the Los Alamos Laboratory that designed the actual bombs.
  2. The discovery of nuclear fission by German chemists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann in 1938, and its theoretical explanation by Lise Meitner and Otto Frisch, made the development of an atomic bomb a theoretical possibility.
  3. Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as “Nuclear Weapon States” by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT
  4. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established on 29 July 1957. The IAEA is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.

Choose the correct answer from the below-given options

A) All the above-given statements are true.

B) None of the above-given statements are true.

C) Only Statements 1, 2, and 3 are true.

D) Only Statements 2, 3, and 4 are true.


Answer: A

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus 2020 page.

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