11 Aug 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

11 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. ‘Lockdown hit treatment under PMJAY scheme’
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Balance of payments will be strong this year, says Goyal
INTERNAL SECURITY
1. Naga peace talks hit a road bump
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. Put draft EIA on hold till it is discussed, says Jairam
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. Making up for shortfalls in GST collection
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Isolating China, as proposition and the reality
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. India’s imports from China rise in June and July
2. China slaps sanctions on U.S. Senators
3. Nepal stalled flood works citing COVID-19, says U.P.
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: INTERNAL SECURITY

1. Naga peace talks hit a road bump

Context:

Even as the leadership of NSCN-IM held a detailed meeting with two Intelligence Bureau (IB) officials in New Delhi, the Naga Peace talks have run into problems.

Details:

  • The Isaak Muivah faction of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-IM) is one of the largest Naga groups with which the Government of India signed a framework agreement on August 3, 2015.
  • NSCN-IM signed a ceasefire agreement with the Centre in 2001.
  • NSCN-IM is reportedly peeved with interlocutor R.N. Ravi and has demanded that he be removed from the position.
    • He was appointed Nagaland’s Governor in 2019.
    • He had recently addressed a letter to Nagaland Chief Minister that “over half a dozen organised armed gangs were brazenly running their respective so-called governments challenging the legitimacy of the State government.”
    • The letter was followed by another order asking government officials to declare if their family members or relatives are members of any underground organisation.

Issues:

  • The letter by the Nagaland Governor alluding to the NSCN-IM as an armed gang has been seen as an insult by the leadership.
  • The movement is more than 70 years old and they feel that the trust they established with the interlocutor is now broken.

Way forward:

Security agencies are trying to end the stalemate and find a middle ground so that talks do not collapse.

Read more on this issue covered in the 4th November 2019 Comprehensive News Analysis. Click here to read.
Category: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Put draft EIA on hold till it is discussed, says Jairam

Context:

The Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology, Jairam Ramesh has urged Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar to keep the draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) 2020 notification under suspension until the committee examines it in detail.

This issue has been covered in the 1st August 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

2. China slaps sanctions on U.S. Senators

What’s in News?

China has sanctioned 11 Americans, including Senators Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, in retaliation for similar moves by the U.S., prompted by Beijing’s crackdown in Hong Kong.

  • Foreign Ministry spokesman said that China had decided to impose sanctions on some people that behaved badly on Hong Kong-related issues.
  • Earlier, Washington had accused 11 officials of suppressing freedom and democratic processes in Hong Kong, and announced plans to freeze their U.S. assets.
  • Washington and Beijing have already imposed sanctions on each other over China’s mass internment of mostly Muslim minorities in Xinjiang.
  • The measure is the latest in a diplomatic spat between China and the US that has involved closing down consulates in Houston and Chengdu along with previous rounds of reciprocal sanctions.

3. Nepal stalled flood works citing COVID-19, says U.P.

What’s in News?

The Uttar Pradesh government has expressed concerns stating that eleven new flood prevention projects worth ₹53.64 crore could not be executed before the current flood season on the India-Nepal border as the neighbouring country did not grant permission for their implementation in its geographical area due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Every year, flood projects would be built on the Gandak river on the Nepal border with central funds. However, this year due to COVID-19, Nepal did not allow 11 new approved flood projects in its area.
  • As per the State Relief Commissioner, 582 villages in around 20 districts of UP remained affected by floods, with 303 of them marooned despite a 15% below normal rainfall so far.
  • 15 districts of Purvanchal, and neighbouring Nepal and Uttarakhand got 20% more rain than normal causing the Ghagra, Rapti, Gandak and Sharda rivers to flow above the danger mark.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following classifications in the IUCN Red List:
  1. Asian Elephant – Critically Endangered
  2. Bengal Florican – Critically Endangered
  3. African Elephant – Vulnerable
  4. Great Indian Bustard – Critically Endangered

Which of these is/are correct?

  1. 2, 3 and 4 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Asian Elephant – Endangered
  • Bengal Florican – Critically Endangered
  • African Elephant – Vulnerable
  • Great Indian Bustard – Critically Endangered
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to the Chicago Convention:
  1. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel.
  2. International Civil Aviation Organisation is a specialized agency of the UN established to manage the administration and governance of the Convention.

Which of the given statement/s is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Both statements are correct.

Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to Melghat Tiger Reserve:
  1. It is located in Madhya Pradesh.
  2. It is among the first nine tiger reserves notified under the Project Tiger.
  3. River Tapi flows through the Reserve.
  4. It consists of Ambawarba and Narnala sanctuaries.

Which of the given statement/s is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 4 only
  4. 1 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Melghat Tiger Reserve is located in the northern part of the Amravati District of Maharashtra.
  • It is among the first nine tiger reserves notified under the Project Tiger in 1973-74.
  • The Tapi river flows through the northern end of the Melghat Tiger Reserve.
  • It consists of the Gugamal National Park, Melghat wan, Ambawarba and Narnala sanctuaries.
Q4. Tropical Cyclone “Nisarga” was named by:
  1. India
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Bangladesh
  4. Pakistan
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Bangladesh named Cyclone Nisarga.
  • Cyclones that form in every ocean basin across the world are named by the regional specialised meteorological centres (RSMCs) and Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs).
  • There are six RSMCs in the world, including the India Meteorological Department (IMD), and five TCWCs.
  • As an RSMC, the IMD names the cyclones developing over the north Indian Ocean, including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, after following a standard procedure.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. The GST compensation payment has been an area of concern over the previous year. Discuss the underlying concerns and suggest possible solutions to this issue. (15 marks, 250 words)(GS paper 3/Economy)
  2. India’s policy of using non-military countermeasures like the moves to isolate China economically and in international organizations has its limitations. Comment. (10 marks, 150 words)(GS paper 2/International Relations)

Read the previous CNA here.

11 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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