09 Feb 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 09 Feb 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY
1. The Governor’s role in approving a Bill
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Renewing Indo-Lanka relations after a period of strain
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. ‘NEET is discriminatory, against social justice’
2. Rights of the weak, duties of the powerful
ECONOMY
1. Step up agri-spending, boost farm incomes
F. Prelims Facts
1. Bodies of 7 missing soldiers recovered
G. Tidbits
1. 13 million face severe hunger in Africa: UN
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. Renewing Indo-Lanka relations after a period of strain

Syllabus: India and its Neighbourhood – Relations

Prelims: Currency swap agreement

Mains: Renewing India-Sri Lanka ties; Causes of tensions between the two neighbours

Context:

  • Sri Lanka’s Foreign Minister is on an official visit as part of the ongoing high-level, and increasingly frequent, bilateral engagement between India and Sri Lanka.
  • Acknowledging India’s recent economic assistance to Sri Lanka, he noted the “fresh energy” in Indo-Lanka ties after a year marked by strain and a trust deficit between the neighbours.

Renewing of ties between India and Sri Lanka:

Finalization of the Trincomalee oil tank project:

  • India and Sri Lanka inked the Trincomalee oil tank farm deal, marking a major milestone in the long-dragging project.

India’s economic aid to Sri Lanka:

  • India has been providing crucial economic support to Sri Lanka amid its ongoing economic crisis.
    • Sri Lanka is facing a severe foreign exchange crisis which experts have pointed out might lead to a sovereign default, and a severe shortage of essentials in the import-reliant economy.
  • The relief extended by India since January 2022 totals over $1.4 billion —a $400 million currency swap, a $500 million loan deferment and a $500 million Line of Credit for fuel imports.

Causes of tension between the two neighbours:

  • The main sources of tension between India and Sri Lanka include the sudden cancellation of the 2019 agreement to jointly develop the East Container Terminal in Colombo along with Japan as well as the Palk Bay fisheries conflict and the Tamil question.

East Container Terminal:

  • The bilateral relationship between the two neighbours took a downturn following Colombo’s sudden decision to unilaterally cancel a 2019 agreement to jointly develop a strategic port (East Container) terminal in Colombo with India and Japan.

Palk Bay issue:

  • The Palk Bay fisheries conflict, involving fishermen of Tamil Nadu and their counterparts in northern Sri Lanka has escalated in the recent past, following mid-sea clashes between fishermen from both sides. The death of two fishermen from Sri Lanka’s northern Jaffna district has triggered massive protests.
  • Sri Lankan fishermen protest the use of the bottom-trawling fishing method along their coast by Indian fishermen.
  • Bilateral talks between governments and fisher leaders have proved unsuccessful so far.

Tamil question:

  • The pending political solution to Sri Lanka’s Tamil question remains another cause of concern in the bilateral relationship.

Nut Graf
Given the strategic location of Sri Lanka and its importance in India’s neighbourhood first policy, the renewing of ties between India and Sri Lanka is a welcome development for India.

G. Tidbits

1. 13 million face severe hunger in Africa: UN

  • According to the United Nations World Food Programme estimates, around 13 million people are facing severe hunger in the Horn of Africa due to drought conditions. Drought conditions are affecting pastoral and farming communities.
  • Countries like Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya are facing the driest conditions recorded since 1981.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regards to MGNREGA:
  1. The scheme is a demand-driven wage employment scheme, which functions under the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
  2. Every adult member of a household in a rural area with a job card is eligible for a job under the scheme.
  3. It covers all districts of India except the ones with a 100% urban population.
  4. Under the law, the States may make provisions for providing additional days beyond the period guaranteed under the Act from their own funds.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. 1, 3 & 4 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Govt of India is monitoring the entire implementation of this scheme in association with state governments.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to Aadhar:
  1. UIDAI is a statutory body working under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  2. Under the Aadhaar Act, foreigners who have stayed in India for 182 days or more in the 12 months, are eligible to apply for Aadhaar.
  3. During enrolment for Aadhaar, an individual has three options for gender – Male, Female and Transgender.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. 2 & 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a statutory authority and a government department, established in 2016 by the Government of India under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, following the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016.
Q3. As per the FRBM Act, the target for Debt to GDP ratio for the central government is:
  1. 20%
  2. 40%
  3. 60%
  4. 80%
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act was enacted in 2003 which set targets for the government to reduce fiscal deficits. The targets were put off several times. In May 2016, the government set up a committee under NK Singh to review the FRBM Act.
  • The committee recommends that the Centre’s debt-to-GDP ratio be reduced from 49.4 per cent in 2016-17 to 40 per cent by 2022-23.
Q4. Consider the following statements with regards to the Foreign Contribution 
(Regulation) Act:
  1. Foreign funding of persons in India is regulated under the FCRA act and is implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  2. Under the Act, organisations are required to register themselves every five years.
  3. The Act states that foreign contributions must be received only in an account designated by the bank as FCRA account in such branches of the State Bank of India only.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Foreign funding of persons in India is regulated under Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act and is implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • As per the provisions of the act, organisations are required to register themselves to be able to receive foreign funding.
  • As per the recent amendments to the act, foreign contributions must be received only in an account designated by the bank as FCRA account in such branches of the State Bank of India only.
Q5. "The experiment will employ a trio of spacecraft flying in formation in the shape of 
an equilateral triangle that has sides one million kilometres long, with lasers shining 
between the craft.” The experiment in question refers to (UPSC-2020)
  1. Voyager-2
  2. New Horizons
  3. LISA Pathfinder
  4. Evolved LISA
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (eLISA) is a mission planned that uses three separate, but not independent, interferometers installed in three spacecraft located at the corners of a triangle with sides of some 5 million km (3 million miles). This mission is to be carried out jointly by NASA and ESA. A mission to test the technology for eLISA, LISA Pathfinder, was launched by ESA in 2015.
  • This is stationed around the L1 point between the Earth and the Sun which is nearly 1.5 million km away from the Earth. The aim of the mission is to demonstrate the technology needed to establish a space-based observatory to study gravitational waves.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Critically examine the controversy surrounding NEET. (250 words; 15 marks)(GS Paper 2/Polity)
  2. Rights and duties are conceptually linked to one another. Illustrate the debate. (250 words; 15 marks)(GS Paper 2/Polity)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 09 Feb 2022:- Download PDF Here

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