12 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 12 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Failing the forest
B. GS 2 Related
GOVERNANCE
1. The new guidelines to prevent unfair trade practices
C. GS 3 Related
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. The search for dark matter
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. The Scam faultline is damaging Indian Banking
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. Safety in the sky
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Far Apart
F. Prelims Facts
1. RBI sets up system to settle international trade in rupees
G. Tidbits
1. India set to beat China in population: UN report
2. MPs’ panel oppose Mediation Bill
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. India set to beat China in population: UN report

  • A recent UN report released on World Population Day notes that India would surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2023.
    • India’s population was 1.21 billion in 2011.
  • The report estimates the world population to reach 8 billion by this year, and grow to 10.4 billion in 2100.
  • The report notes that more than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries — Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania.
  • The report warns that such a high population would challenge economic growth going ahead.

2. MPs’ panel oppose Mediation Bill

  • The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Law and Justice has recommended changes to the Mediation Bill, meant for the institutionalisation of mediation.

Recommendations:

  • The panel recommends against making pre-litigation mediation compulsory. This could result in delays in the disposal of cases.
  • It has also recommended against giving higher courts the power to frame rules for mediation as it considered such a move to be unconstitutional.
  • The panel has made recommendations on the process of appointment to the Mediation Council as well as qualifications for the selection of members. The panel has recommended that the appointment of the Chairperson and Members of the Mediation Council of India should be made by a selection committee constituted by the Centre.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements:  (Level – Medium)
  1. Although India was one of the first countries to extend recognition to Israel in 1950, Jawaharlal Nehru held back from establishing full diplomatic relations with the Jewish state.
  2. Although the Narasimha Rao government established full diplomatic relations with Israel, he did not travel to Israel, nor did he receive an Israeli prime minister.
  3. Prime Minister Narendra Modi became the first Indian PM to visit Palestine in 2018.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Although India was one of the first countries to extend recognition to Israel, it held back from establishing full diplomatic relations with Israel for fear of antagonizing other West Asian countries.
  • Though the PV Narasimha Rao government of the 1990s established full diplomatic relations with Israel, there were no prime ministerial visits between the two countries.
  • Narendra Modi was the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Isreal. Notably, PM Narendra Modi also visited Palestine in 2018 to show India’s solidarity with the Palestine cause as well. It was a case of dehyphenation policy in foreign relations with the West Asian region.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to the National Emblem of India: 
(Level – Easy)
  1. The words Satyameva Jayate (meaning ‘truth alone triumphs’) from Mundaka Upanishad are inscribed below the abacus in the Devanagari script.
  2. The use of the state emblem of India, as the official seal of the Government of India, is regulated by the state of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005.
  3. The emblem is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, an ancient sculpture dating back to 280 CE during the reign of the Maurya Empire.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The emblem is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, an ancient sculpture dating back to 280 BCE during the reign of the Maurya Empire.
Q3. Consider the following statements with regards to the forests in India: 
(Level – Medium)
  1. The Indian Forest Act of 1927 explains the procedure to be followed for declaring an area as Reserved Forest, Protected Forest or a Village Forest.
  2. In reserved forests, local people are prohibited, unless specifically allowed by a Forest Officer in the course of the settlement.
  3. The Forest Settlement Office is appointed, by the Central government, to inquire into and determine the existence, nature and extent of any rights alleged to exist in favour of any person in or over any land comprising a Reserved forest.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The Forest Settlement Office is appointed by the state government.
Q4. The Nord Stream gas pipeline transmits gas from Russia to Germany through 
(Level – Easy)
  1. North Sea
  2. Baltic Sea
  3. Sea of Azov
  4. Black Sea
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Nord Stream is a pair of offshore natural gas pipelines in Europe that run under the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany.
Q5. Consider the following statements: (Level – Medium)
  1. The Governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is appointed by the Central Government.
  2. Certain provisions in the Constitution of India give the Central Government the right to issue directions to the RBI in public interest.
  3. The Governor of the RBI draws his power from the RBI Act.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • The Governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is appointed by the Central government. Their names are cleared by Cabinet Committee on appointments. So, 1 is correct.
  • Section 7 of the RBI Act, 1934 provides authority to the Central Government to give directions to the Central Bank in public interest from time to time with the consultation of the RBI governor. So, statement 2 is not correct.
  • The Governor of the RBI draws his power from the RBI Act. So, statement 3 is correct. Therefore, the answer is (c).

CNA 12 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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