20 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 20 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
SECURITY
1. The judgment on the Burkapal Maoist attack
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. No inner-party democracy
GOVERNANCE
1. A new legislation that mirrors the old
F. Prelims Facts
1. National Emblem
G. Tidbits
1. Over 1.6 lakh Indians gave up citizenship last year
2. Radicalisation among Indians is minuscule: MHA
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. Over 1.6 lakh Indians gave up citizenship last year

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs said that about 1.6 lakh Indians renounced their citizenship in 2021 which is the highest in the past five years.
  • India does not permit dual citizenship and individuals must renounce their Indian citizenship to acquire citizenship from another country. 
  • Over 78,000 Indians have acquired U.S. citizenship, the highest among all other countries followed by Australia (23,533), Canada (21,597), the U.K. (14,637), Italy (5,986), Netherlands (2187), New Zealand (2643), Singapore (2516), China (362), Pakistan (41) and Nepal (10).

Read more about – Citizenship in India

2. Radicalisation among Indians is minuscule: MHA

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs said that global terrorist groups and foreign agencies have been trying to radicalise people, but the inclination towards radical ideologies is very minute as compared with the population of the country.
  • The government has undertaken various measures to stop the inclination to radical ideologies such as the promotion of composite culture and coexistence among various communities and constitutional safeguards for minorities. This includes:
    • Efforts to ensure universal coverage of various welfare schemes without discrimination.
    • Institutional efforts to ensure fair representation of minorities and other less-represented communities in all spheres of life.
    • Setting up of an exclusive Ministry of Minority Affairs, for the overall policy, coordination, evaluation and review of development programmes for minority communities.
  • Further, a Counter Terrorism and Counter Radicalisation Division has been set up under the ministry to help and coordinate with various security enforcement agencies.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regards to Indian citizenship: (Level – Easy)
  1. When a person relinquishes his citizenship, every minor child of that person also loses Indian citizenship. However, when such a child attains the age of 18, he may resume Indian citizenship.
  2. The Government of India may terminate the citizenship of an Indian citizen if within 5 years of registration or naturalisation, a citizen has been sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment in any country.
  3. Any citizen of India of full age and capacity can make a declaration renouncing Indian citizenship but such a declaration may not be accepted during wars.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, When a person ceases to be a citizen of India, every minor child of his also ceases to be a citizen of India. 
    • However, such a child may within one year after attaining 18 years become an Indian citizen by making a declaration of his intention to resume Indian citizen­ship.
  • Statement 2 is correct, According to the Citizenship Act, 1955, the Central Gov­ernment may, by order, deprive any such citizen of Indian citi­zenship, if that citizen has, within five years after registration or naturalisation, been sentenced in any country to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Any citizen of India of full age and capacity can make a declaration renouncing Indian citizenship but such a declaration may not be accepted during the war.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to the Indian Labour force: 
(Level – Difficult)
  1. More females work part-time than males across all age groups in both rural and urban areas.
  2. The employment rate of females at an all-India level for the age group 25-49 years living in a household with at least one child under 3 years of age is less than their employment rate in a household with no children under 3 years during 2017-18 to 2019-20.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, According to the latest labour indicators released by National Statistical Office, more females work part-time than males across all age groups in both rural and urban areas.
  • Statement 2 is correct, The employment rate of females at an all-India level for age groups 25-49 years living in a household with at least one child under 3 years of age is less than their employment rate in a household with no child under 3 years of age during 2017-18-2019-20. 
    • However, for males, the presence of a child under the age of 3 years in the households does not seem to make any difference to their employment rate.
Q3. Consider the following statements with regards to India’s National Emblem: 
(Level – Difficult)
  1. Four Asiatic lions are part of the national emblem with three lions being visible to the naked eye and the fourth one always hidden from general view.
  2. Chinese traveller Fa-Hien has left a detailed account of Asoka’s lion pillar in his writings.
  3. Five students of renowned artist Nandalal Bose created the emblem. Among them were Jagdish Mittal, Kripal Singh Shekhawat, Gauri Bhanja and Dinanath Bhargava.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The Indian National Emblem is represented by four Asiatic lions with three lions being visible to the naked eye and the fourth one always hidden from the general view.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang has left a detailed account of Asoka’s lion pillar in his writings.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Five students of renowned artist Nandalal Bose created the emblem. Among them were Jagdish Mittal, Kripal Singh Shekhawat, Gauri Bhanja and Dinanath Bhargava.
Q4. Consider the following statements with regards to ancient Indian texts: 
(Level – Difficult)
  1. The yajana rituals involved the construction of altars (vedi) and fireplaces (agni) in a variety of shapes such as isosceles triangles, symmetric trapezia, and rectangles.
  2. The sulbasutras describe steps towards the construction of these figures with prescribed sizes.
  3. Sulbasutras (the oldest around 800 BC) have statements of Pythagoras’s theorem, examples of Pythagorean triples, and their use in construction.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The yajna rituals involved the construction of altars (vedi) and fireplaces (agni) in a variety of shapes such as isosceles triangles, symmetric trapezia, and rectangles. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, The sulbasutras describe steps towards the construction of these figures with prescribed sizes.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Baudhayana Sulbasutra which is said to be from around 800 BCE, contains a statement of what is called the Pythagoras theorem.
Q5. 'Rapid Financing Instrument' and 'Rapid Credit Facility' are related to the provisions 
of lending by which one of the following? (Level – Easy) PYQ (2022)
  1. Asian Development Bank
  2. International Monetary Fund
  3. United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative
  4. World Bank
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI): It is a lending facility of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) which provides rapid financial assistance. It is available to all member countries facing an urgent balance of payments need. 
    • The RFI was created as part of a broader reform to make the IMF’s financial support more flexible to address the diverse needs of member countries.
  • IMF’s Rapid Credit Facility (RCF) provides rapid concessional financial assistance to low-income countries facing an urgent balance of payments (BoP) need with no ex-post conditionality where a full-fledged economic program is neither necessary nor feasible.

CNA 20 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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