26 June 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 26th June 2021:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Honour killing case: brother and cousin involved, alleges woman
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Pakistan to remain on FATF greylist
2. Tibet gets first bullet train, links Lhasa to India border
C. GS 3 Related
DEFENCE
1. IAC will be commissioned next year: Rajnath
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Future State
F. Prelims Facts
1. DRDO tests enhanced range Pinaka rocket
G. Tidbits
1. Afghan exit by U.S. may bring infiltrators: Army
2. OFB federations threaten to go on indefinite strike
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Tibet gets first bullet train, links Lhasa to India border

Context

China started operating the first bullet train line in Tibet, linking Lhasa to Nyingchi near the border with Arunachal Pradesh.

Details:

  • This will be the second railway line connecting Tibet to the hinterland, following the already open Qinghai-Tibet rail.

Concerns:

  • China recently completed several major infrastructure projects in Tibet’s southern and south-eastern counties near the Arunachal border. 
    • It completed the construction of a strategically significant highway through the Grand Canyon of the Yarlung Zangbo River (as the Brahmaputra is called in Tibet).

Read more on this issue covered in  May 21st, 2021 CNA.

F. Prelims Facts

1. DRDO tests enhanced range Pinaka rocket

What’s in News?

From a Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher (MBRL) at integrated test range, Chandipur in Odisha, the DRDO successfully test-fired:

  • the enhanced range versions of the indigenously developed 122 mm calibre rocket
  • the extended range version of indigenously developed Pinaka rocket

Details:

  • Both the Pinaka and the 122 mm rockets were developed by the Pune-based Armament Research and Development Establishment and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory with manufacturing support from Economic Explosives Limited, Nagpur.
  • 122mm rockets have been developed for Army applications and can destroy targets up to 40 km.
    • This enhanced rocket system would replace the existing 122mm Grad rockets.
  • The enhanced range version of the Pinaka rocket system can destroy targets at distances up to 45 km.

G. Tidbits

1. Afghan exit by U.S. may bring infiltrators: Army

What’s in News?

  • The Army has hinted at a possibility of some militants moving into Kashmir as the U.S. pulls out from Afghanistan.
  • The Army, however, expressed its preparedness to foil all infiltrations and face every challenge on both the Line of Control (LoC) and the hinterland.

2. OFB federations threaten to go on indefinite strike

What’s in News?

The three main recognised federations of defence civilian employees of the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) have threatened to go on an indefinite strike against the Union Cabinet decision to corporatize the organisation.

Background:

The Union cabinet recently approved a plan to split OFB into seven corporate entities.

Read more on this topic covered in  June 17th, 2021 CNA.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following countries are in the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) blacklist?
  1. Iran
  2. North Korea
  3. Somalia
  4. Syria
  5. Yemen

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2, 3 and 5 only
  4. 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The FATF blacklist is the common shorthand description for the Financial Action Task Force list of “Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories” (NCCTs).
  • The FATF blacklist has been issued by the FATF since 2000 and lists countries which FATF judges to be non-cooperative in the global fight against money laundering and terrorist financing.
  • Currently, Iran and North Korea are on the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) blacklist.
Q2. Consider the following statements about Additional Judges:
  1. The Governor can appoint duly qualified persons as additional Judges of a high court for a period not exceeding two years.
  2. The additional Judge cannot hold office after attaining the age of 65 years.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Article 224 deals with the appointment of additional and acting Judges.
  • Duly qualified persons can be appointed by the President of India as additional Judges of a high court for a maximum period of two years.
    • The President may appoint additional judges for the time being when there is a temporary increase in the business of the High Court or arrears of work.
    • Also, when a Judge of a High Court other than the Chief Justice is by reason of absence or for any other reason unable to perform the duties of his office or is appointed to act temporarily as Chief Justice, the President can appoint a duly qualified person to act as a Judge of that Court until the permanent Judge has resumed his duties.
  • An acting judge/additional judge holds office until the permanent judge resumes his office.
  • However, the additional Judge cannot hold office after attaining the age of 62 years.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF):
  1. National Compensatory Afforestation Fund is established under the Public Account of India.
  2. As per the rules, 90% of the CAF money is to be given to the states while 10% is to be retained by the Centre.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) was created to compensate for the loss of tangible as well as intangible benefits from the forest lands which were diverted for non-forest use.
  • National Compensatory Afforestation Fund is established under the Public Account of India.
  • As per the rules, 90% of the CAF money is to be given to the states while 10% is to be retained by the Centre.
Q4. Pinaka recently seen in news is a/an
  1. Airborne early warning and control system for the Indian Air Force
  2. Unmanned tank developed by the DRDO
  3. New explosive detection device, developed by DRDO & IISc Bangalore
  4. Rocket System that can destroy targets at distances up to 45 kilometres
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Pinaka is a multi-barrel rocket system.
  • Recently, the DRDO successfully test-fired an extended-range version of the indigenously developed Pinaka rocket.
  • The enhanced range version of the Pinaka rocket system can destroy targets at distances up to 45 km.
  • Pinaka was developed by the Pune-based Armament Research and Development Establishment and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory with manufacturing support from Economic Explosives Limited, Nagpur.
Q5. The Multi-dimensional Poverty Index developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development 
Initiative with UNDP support covers which of the following? (2012)
  1. Deprivation of education, health, assets and services at household level
  2. Purchasing power parity at national level
  3. Extent of budget deficit and GDP growth rate at national level

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

The multi-dimensional poverty index (MPI) bases its estimation on:

  • Education (years of schooling and attendance in schools)
  • Health (child mortality and nutrition)
  • Standard of living (electricity, sanitation, drinking water, flooring of the house, cooking fuel and asset ownership).

The idea behind this index is to measure acute multidimensional poverty across developing countries using various indicators. It was developed by OPHI with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 2010. It is a part of UNDP’s Human Development Report (HDR) and is released annually.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Restoration of Statehood should be at the start of the revival of the democratic process in J&K. Critically examine the statement. (250 words; 15 marks) [GS-2, Polity and Governance]
  2. Evaluate the role of the Greyhounds in tackling Naxal violence in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Can this be a model for countering insurgencies in other parts of the country? (250 words; 15 marks) [GS-3, Security]

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 26th June 2021:- Download PDF Here

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