09 Sep 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

9 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
EDUCATION
1. NSO report shows stark digital divide affects education
HEALTH
1. 40% children not fully vaccinated: NSO report
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. SC to Centre: adhere to Ministry circular on roads in Char Dham
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. What is in a NAM and India’s alignment
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. A case for down-to-earth governance
F. Prelims Facts
1. Telangana seeks Bharat Ratna for former PM Narasimha Rao
G. Tidbits
1. ‘Borrowings by States soar 51% to ₹2.97 lakh cr.’
2. ‘Global economy to contract 4.4%, China to grow at 2.7%’
3. PLA fired shots in the air, says India
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: HEALTH

1. 40% children not fully vaccinated: NSO report

Context:

  • ‘Health in India’ report has been published by the National Statistical Organisation (NSO).
  • The report is based on the 75th round of the National Sample Survey (July 2017-June 2018) on household social consumption related to health.

Key findings:

  • Across the country, only 59.2% of children under five years are fully immunised.
    • This contradicts the Centre’s Health Management Information System portal data, which claimed that full immunisation coverage for 2017-18 stood at 86.7%.
  • It points out that although almost all children in India are vaccinated against tuberculosis, and receive their birth dose of the polio vaccine, two out of five children do not complete their immunisation programme.
    • Most of these children remain unprotected against measles, and partially protected against a range of other diseases.
  • About 97% of children across the country received at least one vaccination — mostly BCG and/or the first dose of OPV at birth. This remains steady across income groups and geographies.
  • However, only 67% of children are protected against measles.

Note:

  • Full immunisation means that a child receives eight vaccine doses in the first year of life.
  • Among the states, Manipur (75%), Andhra Pradesh (73.6%) and Mizoram (73.4%) recorded the highest rates of full immunisation. At the other end of the spectrum lies Nagaland, where only 12% of children received all vaccinations, followed by Puducherry (34%) and Tripura (39.6%).

G. Tidbits

1. ‘Borrowings by States soar 51% to ₹2.97 lakh cr.’

What’s in News?

According to CARE (domestic rating agency), the pandemic-stricken states have borrowed a whopping ₹2.97 lakh crore so far this financial year, which is as much as 51% more than the corresponding period a year earlier.

  • States with highest borrowing: Karnataka – ₹23,000 crore (475% more ), Maharashtra – ₹37,500 (200% more) and Tamil Nadu – ₹46,000 crore (117% more).
  • This means that these 3 states contributed as much as 38% of the total incremental borrowing by the states so far, this fiscal.

2. ‘Global economy to contract 4.4%, China to grow at 2.7%’

What’s in News?

Fitch Ratings projected the global GDP to contract 4.4% for 2020-21 but revised upwards China’s growth estimate to 2.7% for 2020.

  • Fitch has slashed India’s growth projection to (-)10.5% from (-)5%.
  • It said that India imposed one of the most stringent lockdowns worldwide and domestic demand fell massively. Limited fiscal support, fragilities in the financial system, and a continued rise in virus cases hamper a rapid normalisation in activity.

Read more about Fitch Ratings.

3. PLA fired shots in the air, says India

What’s in News?

There are fresh tensions between India and China on the south bank of Pangong Tso (lake).

  • Hours after the Chinese Army claimed that Indian troops opened fire along the disputed Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh, the Indian Army stated that it was actually Chinese troops that fired a few rounds in the air.
  • Brigadier-level talks have been going on for de-escalation in the area but have made no progress.

Concerns:

  • Three key bilateral agreements of 1993, 1996 and 2013, that have been central to maintaining peace and tranquility on the disputed Line of Actual Control, were violated by China in June 2020.
  • The recent firing is the first in Ladakh since the 1962 war.
  • No shots have been fired along the disputed boundary between India and China since 1975 at the LAC in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The killings of soldiers at Galwan were also the first since 1975.
  • The recent incident of the death of a Special Frontier Force soldier, who stepped on a vintage landmine while patrolling near Pangong Tso, was the first publicly known killing of a Tibetan soldier at the LAC in Ladakh.

Read more about India-China Standoff.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following:
  1. Global Economic Prospects (GEP) – World Bank
  2. World Economic Outlook (WEO) – World Economic Forum (WEF)
  3. Global Financial Stability Report – International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Which of the given pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 3
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Global Economic Prospects (GEP) is published by the World Bank.
  • World Economic Outlook (WEO) and the Global Financial Stability Report are both published by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Q2. Consider the following statements:
  1. Khangchendzonga National Park in Sikkim is the only UNESCO Mixed World Heritage Site in India.
  2. Jaipur has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  3. Rajasthan is the only state to have both Cultural and Natural sites in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Khangchendzonga National Park in Sikkim is the only UNESCO Mixed World Heritage Site in India.
  • Jaipur has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2019.
  • Rajasthan is not the only state to have both Cultural and Natural sites in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Read more: UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Q3. Arrange the following from West to East:
  1. Kedarnath
  2. Badrinath
  3. Yamunotri
  4. Gangotri

Choose the correct option:

  1. 3, 4, 1, 2
  2. 4, 3, 1, 2
  3. 4, 3, 2, 1
  4. 2, 1, 3, 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

West to East: Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath, Badrinath

Q4. Consider the following statements:
  1. National Bamboo Mission (NBM) is a sub-scheme under the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH).
  2. NBM is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  3. In 2017, the Indian Forest Act, 1927 was amended to include bamboo in the category of trees.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 1 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • National Bamboo Mission (NBM) is a sub-scheme under the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH).
  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • Keeping in consideration the importance of bamboo, the Indian Forest Act, 1927 was amended in 2017 to remove bamboo from the category of trees. As a result, now anyone can undertake cultivation and business in bamboo and its products.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Despite the previous attempts made at the decentralization of power in India, strong local governance remains the unfinished agenda to make India’s democracy stronger and deeper. Comment. (10 marks, 150 words)(GS paper 2/Polity and Governance)
  2. Given the historically dynamic nature of international relations, evaluate the need for India to abandon its non-alignment policy and consider aligning more closely with the U.S. to meet the immediate threat posed by an assertive China. Are there any challenges or concerns associated with such an approach? (15 marks, 250 words)(GS Paper 2/International Relations)

Read the previous CNA here.

9 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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