28 Sep 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

28 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Tense LAC makes Ladakhi team call off election boycott
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. Punjab government appoints nodal officers to curb stubble burning
2. Invisible killer threatens country’s sandalwood forests
ECONOMY
1. Farmers can now break free of APMC shackles, says PM
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. Where is the sentinel guarding our rights?
EDUCATION
1. Diagnosing what ails medical education
ECONOMY
1. Salutary lesson
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. The benefits of a carbon tax
F. Prelims Facts
1. India, Japan navies match skills in northern Arabian Sea
G. Tidbits
1. Now, Odisha govt. turns to radio for classes
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Invisible killer threatens country’s sandalwood forests

Context:

India’s sandalwood trees are facing a serious threat with the return of the destructive Sandalwood Spike Disease (SSD) with the disease having resurfaced in the aromatic tree’s natural habitats in Karnataka and Kerala.

Sandalwood Spike Disease (SSD):

  • The disease is caused by phytoplasma (bacterial parasites of plant tissues) which are transmitted by insect vectors.
  • The disease was first reported in Kodagu in 1899.
  • More than a million sandalwood trees were removed in the Kodagu and Mysuru region between 1903 and 1916, prompting the Maharaja of Mysuru to announce a reward in 1907 for anyone finding a remedy.
  • The devastating impact in natural habitats resulted in sandalwood being classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature in 1998.
  • So far, no cure has been found for SSD but to cut down and remove the infected tree to prevent the spread of the disease.

Concerns:

  • SSD has been one of the major causes of the decline in sandalwood production in the country for over a century.
  • Each year, between 1 and 5% of sandalwood trees are lost due to the disease.
  • Scientists have raised concerns that it could wipe out the entire natural population if measures are not taken to prevent its spread.
  • Also, they fear that any delay in arresting the trend may result in the disease spreading to cultivated sandalwood trees.
  • According to a study, the present rapid spread of the infection is largely due to restrictions on green felling in forests, which has allowed vectors to spread the disease to healthy trees.

Category: ECONOMY

1. Farmers can now break free of APMC shackles, says PM

Context:

Prime Minister’s remarks on the recent agriculture reforms.

This topic has been covered in the 27th September 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

G. Tidbits

1. Now, Odisha govt. turns to radio for classes

What’s in News?

The Odisha state government has opted for radio to reach out to children in remote areas of the State, as online classes fail to reach most students due to poor mobile connectivity.

  • The School and Mass Education Department will launch classroom teaching through All India Radio.
  • Three hours of classroom instruction are also available through Doordarshan.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following are Kharif crops?
  1. Wheat
  2. Rice
  3. Cotton
  4. Mustard
  5. Groundnut

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
  2. 2, 3 and 5 only
  3. 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
  4. 2 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The crops that are sown in the rainy season are called Kharif crops.
  • The crops that are sown in the winter season are called Rabi crops.
  • Rice, Cotton, Groundnut, Fennel, Soyabean are Kharif crops.
  • The Rabi crops in India are wheat, barley, mustard, sesame and peas.
Q2. Nagorno-Karabakh region is a subject of dispute between:
  1. Armenia and Azerbaijan
  2. Bhutan and China
  3. Tajikistan and Uzbekistan
  4. Israel and Palestine
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The landlocked mountainous region of Nagorno-Karabakh is the subject of an unresolved dispute between Azerbaijan, in which it lies, and its ethnic Armenian majority, backed by neighbouring Armenia.
  • Nagorno-Karabakh, also known as Artsakh, is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus, within the mountainous range of Karabakh.
  • It is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan.
Q3. Naujawan Bharat Sabha was founded by:
  1. Bhagat Singh
  2. Chandra Shekar Azad
  3. Prafulla Chandra Chaki
  4. Khudiram Bose
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

Naujawan Bharat Sabha was founded by Bhagat Singh in 1926. Members from the Hindu, Muslim and Sikh communities were there in the organization. In the year 1929, the association was banned.

Q4. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
  1. World Economic Outlook: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  2. Global Competitiveness Report: World Economic Forum
  3. Ease of Doing Business Report: World Trade Organisation
  4. Global Economic Prospects Report: World Bank

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  4. 2, 3 and 4 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

World Economic Outlook: International Monetary Fund

Global Competitiveness Report: World Economic Forum

Ease of Doing Business Report: World Bank

Global Economic Prospects Report: World Bank

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Has the NEET exam been successful in ensuring equity in admission to higher educational institutions? Critically examine and suggest the best way forward. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 2 Education)
  2. India’s commitment to international treaties and the rule of law is instrumental in attracting and retaining foreign investment in India. Elucidate. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 3 Economy)

Read the previous CNA here.

28 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

1 Comment

  1. Presentation is very nice ,the classification is really useful and the questions really helps to connect static topics with the current affairs.

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