UPSC Mains: Statistics on Candidates’ Medium of Examination

There are total nine descriptive papers in UPSC Civil Services mains examination. Candidates can choose either English or any one of the Indian languages mentioned in the 8th schedule of the Constitution of India. A lot of candidates who are not comfortable in English opt to take Hindi or any other regional language as their medium of exam for the IAS mains. Some candidates, though, are apprehensive about taking a language other than English as the medium because of many preconceived notions like low success rate, lack of material availability, etc. But if we consider the truth, there are not many candidates who go for an Indian language in mains because the sheer numbers of candidates who opt for a non-English language are on the lower side. This article gives a few interesting statistics regarding the candidates’ medium of exam for the UPSC civil services mains exam. A good majority of candidates opt for English as their medium of mains exam.

The following figures have been compiled from the annual report of the UPSC (66th Annual Report: 2015-2016).

The tables below give the number of students and the corresponding medium for the general studies and the essay papers for 2014 and 2015:

2015

Essay

GS 1

GS 2

GS 3

GS 4

English

11819

11790

11783

11766

11760

Assamese

1

1

1

1

1

Bengali

7

7

7

7

7

Gujarati

119

120

119

119

120

Hindi

2439

2433

2429

2424

2419

Kannada

18

18

18

18

18

Kashmiri

0

0

0

0

0

Malayalam

6

6

6

6

6

Marathi

169

168

167

165

164

Oriya

0

0

0

0

0

Punjabi

4

4

4

3

3

Sanskrit

0

0

0

0

0

Sindhi

0

0

0

0

0

Tamil

23

23

23

23

23

Telugu

33

33

33

33

33

Urdu

2

2

2

2

2

Konkani

0

0

0

0

0

Manipuri

0

0

0

0

0

Nepali

0

0

0

0

0

Bodo

0

0

0

0

0

Dogri

0

0

0

0

0

Santhali

0

0

0

0

0

Maithili

0

0

0

0

0

2014

Essay

GS 1

GS 2

GS 3

GS 4

English

13785

13733

13723

13709

13702

Assamese

2

2

2

2

2

Bengali

3

3

2

2

2

Gujarati

84

84

84

84

84

Hindi

2191

2165

2159

2154

2153

Kashmiri

0

0

0

0

0

Kannada

18

18

18

18

18

Malayalam

7

7

8

8

8

Marathi

129

126

126

126

126

Oriya

2

2

2

2

2

Punjabi

8

8

8

8

8

Sanskrit

0

0

0

0

0

Sindhi

0

0

0

0

0

Tamil

18

18

18

18

18

Telugu

30

30

30

30

30

Urdu

1

1

1

1

1

Konkani

0

0

0

0

0

Manipuri

1

1

1

1

1

Nepali

0

0

0

0

0

Bodo

0

0

0

0

0

Dogri

0

0

0

0

0

Santhali

0

0

0

0

0

Maithili

0

0

0

0

0

The above two tables show that the dominating language in UPSC Mains exam is English.Hindi comes second in the list although it is way behind. There are also a few takers for Marathi and Gujarati languages, followed by Tamil, Telugu and Kannada. Other languages figure only in single digits or none.

Also See | Pros and Cons of taking Literature Optionals in UPSC Mains Exam

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