Wagah Border - International Border Between India and Pakistan

Wagah Border is the international border separating India and Pakistan. This border is important from the perspective of history and the splendid military ceremony that takes place everyday, which attracts a large number of tourists.

  1. Wagah Border is an army outpost lying on the India-Pakistan border.
  2. This Border was used by the migrants to cross the border at the time of independence in 1947.
  3. Wagah Border is located at a distance of 32 kms from Amritsar, Punjab.
  4. This border derives its name from Wagah, a village which is located in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
  5. It lies on the famous Grand Trunk Road connecting the cities of Amritsar (Punjab, India) and Lahore (Pakistan).
  6. This place is famous for the Wagah Border Ceremony, also known as Beating Retreat Border Ceremony.

Aspirants can find information on the structure and other important details related to the IAS Exam, in the linked article.

Wagah Border – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Attari – Indian Side of the India-Pakistan Border

  1. Attari is a village located in Punjab (Amritsar District). It is located at a distance of 25 km from Amritsar, the holy city of Sikhs.
  2. Attari is located at a distance of 3 km from the India-Pakistan border at Wagah.
  3. It is the last Indian railway station on the rail route connecting Delhi and Lahore.
  4. This village is named after one of the Generals in the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
  5. Attari is the starting point of National Highway 1 (NH 1), which is part of the historic Grand Trunk Road.

Wagah-Attari Border Ceremony

  1. This place is well known for the splendid Beating Retreat Border Ceremony. This ceremony is held everyday and is a main tourist attraction in the state of Punjab.
  2. This ceremony has been jointly followed by the Border Security Force (BSF) of India and Pakistani Rangers. 
  3. Wagah-Attari Border Ceremony also known as Beating Retreating Ceremony takes place every evening, two hours before sunset at Wagah-Attari Border.
  4. The ceremony starts with a blustering parade by the soldiers from both sides, and ends up in the perfectly coordinated lowering of the two nations’ flags.
  5. The soldiers of this ceremony are specially appointed and trained for this auspicious ceremony

For details on Beating Retreat Ceremony, which marks the end of Republic Day festivities in India, visit the linked article.

Similar Ceremonies

Similar Border Ceremonies are held at the following locations

  1. Fazilka border on Indian side and Sulaimanki on Pakistani side.
  2. Hussainiwala Border on Indian side and Ganda Singh Wala Border on Pakistani side
  3. The above given locations are located in Punjab.

Daily News

Land Border Crossings between India and Pakistan

The different land border crossings between India and Pakistan are listed below.

Rail Crossing

  1. Munabao / Khokhrapar, the Thar Express between Karachi and Jodhpur crosses here.
  2. Wagah / Attari, the Samjhauta Express between Lahore and Amritsar/Delhi crosses here.

Road Crossing

  1. Wagah / Attari, the only fully-fledged international road crossing
  2. Sulemanki Punjab (India side) / Fazilka border, Okara District (Pakistan side)
  3. Chakothi / Salamabad, located on the road between Chakothi and Uri.
  4. Tatrinote / Chakan Da Bagh, connects Kotli to the Poonch district of Jammu and Kashmir.
  5. Chilliana / Teetwal, on the road between Muzaffarabad and Baramulla.
  6. Ganda Singh Wala border, Kasur District (Pakistan side) / Hussainiwala border, Punjab (India side)

Wagah Border – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus 2021 page.

Frequently Asked Questions on Wagah Border

Q 1. What is the significance of Wagah Border?

Ans. Wagah Border is the international border separating India and Pakistan. It is located at a distance of 32 kms from Amritsar, Punjab and was used by the migrants to cross the border at the time of independence in 1947. It is also famous for the Beating Retreat Ceremony, jointly followed by the Border Security Force (BSF) of India and Pakistani Rangers.

Q 2. What is the Beating Retreat Ceremony?

Ans. Beating Retreat Ceremony at Wagah Border is a joint military ceremony conducted by the Border forces of India and Pakistan. The ceremony starts with a blustering parade by the soldiers from both sides, and ends up in the perfectly coordinated lowering of the two nations’ flags.

Related Links

IAS Salary UPSC Posts – Types of Civil Services
Radcliffe Line – Border Line Between India and Pakistan McMahon Line – India and China Border
Durand Line – International Border Between Afghanistan & Pakistan List of Major Boundary Lines in India and World
Border Security Force (BSF) – Formed on December 1, 1965 Armed Forces of India: UPSC General Studies Paper 3
Previous Years Security Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-3 Previous Years International Relations Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper- 2
UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-II Strategy, Syllabus & Structure UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-III Strategy, Syllabus & Structure

 

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